ZO - Zoology


ZO 492External Learning ExperienceUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing
A learning experience in agriculture and life sciences within an academic framework that utilizes facilities and resources which are external to the campus. Contact and arrangements with prospective employers must be initiated by student and approved by a faculty adviser, the prospective employer and the departmental teaching coordinator prior to the experience.


ZO 493Special Problems/Research ExplorationUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing
A learning experience in agriculture and life sciences within an academic framework that utilizes campus facilities and resources. Contact and arrangements with prospective employers must be initiated by student and approved by a faculty adviser, the prospective employer, the departmental teaching coordinator prior to the experience.


ZO 495Special Topics in ZoologyUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Offered as needed for development of new courses in various areas of zoology.


ZO (PHY) 503General Physiology IUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: Senior standing or Graduate standing, the following courses are recommended: ZO 421, BCH 451, a yr. of physics
Discussion of general principles of homeostasis, emphasizing importance of integrative action. Following systems studied: muscular, cardiovascular and nervous systems.


ZO (PHY) 504General Physiology IIUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: PHY (ZO) 503
Discussion of general principles of homeostasis, emphasizing importance of integrative action. Following systems studied: alimentary, renal, respiratory and endocrine systems.


ZO (ENT) 509Biology of Aquatic InsectsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Prerequisite: ENT 425
Life history descriptions and identification of aquatic insects. Emphasis on behavioral and physiological adaptations to diverse habitats and the role of insects in aquatic ecosystem function and as indicators of water quality.


ZO 512Animal SymbiosisUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Prerequisite: 12 hrs. of biology and zoology
Symbiotic associations of animals including mutualism, commensalism and parasitism. The morphological, physiological, behavioral and ecological adaptations of symbionts and the complex interactions between partner species.


ZO 513Comparative PhysiologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Prerequisite: ZO 421
Comparative study of the organ systems of vertebrates and physiological processes involved in maintaining homeostatic state. Various compensatory mechanisms employed during environmental stress included.


ZO (BIO) 518Experience and the BrainUNITS: 3
Prerequisite: BIO 488 or ZO 588
This seminar considers how an individual's behavioral interactions with the world (i.e., experience) can alter the structure and/or function of the adult brain. Emphasis will be on reading and critically discussing the primary research literature.


ZO 522Biological ClocksUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
The anatomy, physiology and development of biological clocks in a variety of organisms, including humans. Required readings in primary literature.


ZO (PHY) (PO) 524Comparative EndocrinologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: BIO 421 or PO 405
Basic concepts of endocrinology, including functions of major endocrine glands involved in processes of growth, metabolism and reproduction.


ZO 542HerpetologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: ZO 250 and ZO 421
The biology of the amphibians and reptiles: systematics, life history, anatomy, behavior, physiology and ecology.


ZO 544MammalogyUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: BIO 250
The biology of mammals: evolution, functional morphology, reproduction, behavior, ecology, population biology, classification and identification. One weekend field trip planned.


ZO (MEA) 549Principles of Biological OceanographyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: BIO 181
Environmental dependencies, biological productivity, and trophic relationships in plankton, nekton and benthos; Sampling methods and experimental design; Human impacts on marine systems.Credit is not allowed for both MEA 449 and MEA(ZO)549.


ZO (FW) 553Principles Of Wildlife ScienceUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: BIO 260 or BIO/PB 360
The principles of wildlife management and their application studied in the laboratory and in the field.


ZO (ENT) 582Medical and Veterinary EntomologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: ENT 425 and ZO 315
The morphology, taxonomy, biology and control of the arthropod parasites and disease vectors of man and animals. The ecology and behavior of vectors in relation to disease transmission and control.


ZO 588NeurobiologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: BIO 250 or BIO 212 and Graduate standing
Overview of the neurosciences, with a focus on fundamental principles in the function, structure, and development of the nervous system. Topics include neuroanatomy, electrical signaling, synaptic transmission, sensory and motor systems, neural development, neural plasticity, and complex brain function. Multiple levels of anaylsis, from molecular to behavioral, with an emphasis on the mammalian nervous system.Students may not receive credit for both BIO 488 and ZO 588


ZO 592Topical ProblemsUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Organized, formal lectures and discussion of a special topic.


ZO 601SeminarUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
The presentation and defense of original research and current literature.


ZO (ANS) (CBS) (PHY) 602Seminar In Biology Of ReproductionUNITS: 2 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: ANS(PHY) 702
Current topics in animal reproduction presented by reproductive physiologists from various Research Triangle institutions. Student presentations of research projects or library projects in area of animal reproduction.


ZO 624Topical ProblemsUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Organized, formal lectures and discussion of a special topic.


ZO 631Special TopicsUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Twelve hours ZO
A directed individual investigation of a particular problem in zoology, accompanied by a review of the pertinent literature. A maximum of three hours allowed toward master's degree.


ZO 685Master's Supervised TeachingUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.


ZO 688Non-Thesis Masters Continuous Registration - Half Time RegistrationUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain half-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc.


ZO 689Non-Thesis Master Continuous Registration - Full Time RegistrationUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain full-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc. Students may register for this course a maximum of one semester.


ZO 690Master's ExaminationUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students in non thesis master's programs who have completed all other requirements of the degree except preparing for and taking the final master's exam.


ZO 693Master's Supervised ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Master's student
Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.


ZO 695Master's Thesis ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Thesis research.


ZO 696Summer Thesis ResearchUNITS: 1 - Offered in Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.


ZO 699Research In ZoologyUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Twelve semester credits in ZO
Credits Arranged.


ZO 710Sampling Animal PopulationsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: ST 512
Statistical methods applicable to sampling of wildlife populations, including capture-recapture, removal, change in ratio, quadrant and line transect sampling. Emphasis on model assumptions and study design.


ZO 718Community EcologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Prerequisite: BO 360 or ZO 260, BO(ZO) 760; BO(ZO) 365
Animal community structure and function. Effects of competition, predation, coevolution and disturbance on community composition. Emphasis on ecological and evolutionary controversies from empirical and theoretical approaches.


ZO (MEA) 750Marine Benthic EcologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Marine benthic systems in deep sea and in shallow waters, focusing upon abiotic and biotic processes regulating density, diversity and taxonomic and functional composition. Discussions of benthic-pelagic coupling, predation, interspecific competition, biogeography, sampling problems, evolutionary trends, trophic structure and community organization.


ZO 756Ecology Of FishesUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Physiological ecology of fishes emphasizing energetics, production and adaptations to aquatic mediums. Ecological classification of fishes and theory of resource partitioning in freshwater, estuarine and marine realms.


ZO 770Advanced Topics In Ecology IUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Development of subject matter in major fields of ecology through seminars and lectures and principles illustrated by laboratory exercises and field trips. Microenvironment, population biology, community ecology, ecosystems and nutrient cycling.


ZO 790Special TopicsUNITS: 1-3


ZO 791Topics In Animal BehaviorUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
Intensive examination of selected aspects of animal behavior and their relationship to physiology, ecology and other biological fields. May be repeated for credit when topic changes.


ZO 792Topical ProblemsUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Organized, formal lectures and discussion of a special topic.


ZO (ANS) (CBS) (PHY) 802Seminar In Biology Of ReproductionUNITS: 2 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: ANS(PHY) 702
Current topics in animal reproduction presented by reproductive physiologists from various Research Triangle institutions. Student presentations of research projects or library projects in area of animal reproduction.


ZO 824Topical ProblemsUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Organized, formal lectures and discussion of a special topic.


ZO 829Special TopicsUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Twelve hours ZO
A directed individual investigation of a particular problem in zoology, accompanied by a review of the pertinent literature. A maximum of three hours allowed toward master's degree.


ZO 831Special TopicsUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Twelve hours ZO
A directed individual investigation of a particular problem in zoology, accompanied by a review of the pertinent literature. A maximum of three hours allowed toward master's degree.


ZO 885Doctoral Supervised TeachingUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.


ZO 890Doctoral Preliminary ExaminationUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
For student who are preparing for and taking written and/or oral preliminary exams.


ZO 893Doctoral Supervised ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.


ZO 895Doctoral Dissertation ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
Dissertation research


ZO 896Summer Dissertation ResearchUNITS: 1 - Offered in Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.


ZO 899Doctoral Dissertation PreparationUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
For students who have completed all credit hour, full-time enrollment, preliminary examination, and residency requirements for the doctoral degree, and are writing and defending their dissertations.