SSC - Soil Science


SSC (CS) 103Introductory Topics in Crop, Soil and Turfgrass SciencesUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Only
Introduction to the scope, purpose, and objectives of a university education with an emphasis on areas related to Crop, Soil and Turfgrass Sciences. Students will explore university, college and departmental resources, academic policies and procedures, opportunities for minors, career opportunities, and current trends and issues in our related disciplines. Students cannot receive credit for both CS 103 and ALS 103. Freshman Only; PAA, PAB, PAC, PAE, PCB, SST, TFG


SSC 185Land and LifeUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Interdisciplinary Perspectives
Soil is a fundamental natural resource that sustains life on earth. Detailed information is provided about soils at local, community, regional, national, and global scales; and their importance to world food security and human health, agricultural production, environmental quality, and sustainable ecosystems. Students will gain practical knowledge about soils, their use and management, and their critical role in supporting life. Understanding basic soil properties, their interactions, and how they are influenced or impacted by human activity is essential to everyday life and to being a well-informed citizen.


SSC 200Soil ScienceUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: CH 101 or CH 100
Fundamentals of soils including origin, composition and classification; their physical, chemical, and biological properties; significance of these properties to soil-plant relationships and soil management.


SSC 201Soil Science LaboratoryUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Natural Sciences
Corequisite: SSC 200
Hands-on laboratory experience in fundamentals of soils including origin, composition and classification; their physical, chemical, and biological properties; significance of these properties to soil-plant relationships, soil management and the environment.


SSC 332Environmental Soil MicrobiologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: BIO 181 and SSC 200
Analysis of the effects of soil environments on microbial growth. Relationships and significance of microbes to mineral transformations, plant development, and environmental quality. Management of soil microorganisms in different ecosystems.


SSC 341Soil Fertility and FertilizersUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: SSC 200
Principles of managing plant nutrition for crop production, fertilizer materials, crop fertilization, soil fertility maintenance and management practices for optimizing fertilizer use; soil and plant tissue testing as diagnostic tools in nutrient management.


SSC 342Soil Fertility LaboratoryUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Only
Corequisite: SSC 341
Soil sampling and analyses for acidity and nutrient content. Calculating lime and fertilizer recommendations and calibrating fertilizer spreaders. Discussion of fertilizer materials and calculation of least cost blends. Computer programs to confirm recommendations and least cost blends. Field trip to a fertilizer distributor and to a fertilizer user.


SSC 361Role of Soils in Environmental ManagementUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: SSC 200
Importance of soils in land application of municipal, industrial and agricultural wastes; onsite disposal of domestic wastewater; bioremediation of contaminated sites; erosion and sedimentation control; farm nutrient management; and nonpoint sourcewater pollution.


SSC 427Biological Approaches to Sustainable Soil SystemsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: SSC 200 or equivalent, BIO 181 or 183, and CH 101
Ecological and biochemical concepts will be applied to managing soils in agro-ecological settings such as organic and conventionally managed farms and gardens, emphasizing microbial transformations of nutrients and matter. Topics covered include soil organic matter formation and fractionation, decomposition, microbial assimilation of nutrients, fertilizer management, tillage, crop rotations, cover crop management. Companion course SSC 428 and SSC 341 recommended.


SSC (HS) 428Service-Learning in Urban Agriculture SystemsUNITS: 1 - Offered in Spring Only, U.S. Diversity
Prerequisite: SSC 200 or equivalent, BIO 181 or 183, and CH 101
Course provides students a hands-on experience in urban agriculture with under-served youth in the Raleigh area. Students partner with a community gardening organization to provide knowledge and experience in soil science and agriculture to youth with the goals of increasing urban food security and developing student leadership skills. Particular emphasis is places on reflecting on course activities and deepening of skills related to extension, outreach, and working with diverse populations. Course designed to be taken as a companion course to SSC 427, however can be taken as a stand-alone course.


SSC 440Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in Soil Science and AgricultureUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: SSC 200
Geographic information systems (GIS), global positioning system (GPS), and remote sensing to manage spatially variable soils, vegetation, other natural resources. Develop: function understanding of GIS principles, working knowledge of ArcGIS, problem-solving/critical-thinking necessary to use GIS to characterize and manage soils, agriculture, natural resources. Introduction to GIS; Maps/Cartography; Vectore/Raster Data Models; Georeferencing/Coordinate Systems; Spatial Data Sources; GPS/GPS skillls/ Remote Sensing; Statistics/Interpolation; Precision Agriculture; Computer Aided Design and GIS; Creating Analyzing 3-D Surfaces. Credit not given for both SSC 440 and SSC 540.


SSC 442Soil and Environmental BiogeochemistryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: SSC 200 and (CH 101, or CH 201, or CH 220, or CH 221)
Quantitative approaches to the cycling of elements and chemical species in soils and the environment, including carbon and organic contaminants, non-metallic macronutrients, metals and metalloids.


SSC 452Soil ClassificationUNITS: 4 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: SSC 200
Genesis, morphology, and classification of soils; characterization of soils according to their diagnostic properties; interpreting soil use potential; emphasis on North Carolina soils and their taxonomy; field exercise in soil mapping and site evaluation; several field trips, one overnight.


SSC 455Soils, Environmental Quality and Global ChallengesUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
P: SSC 200 or ES 100 or Instructor permission
As the world population grows to 9 billion people by 2050, we will be pressed to increase food security, respond to the consequences of a changing climate, and improve human health -- all while protecting the environment and maintaining natural resources. Soils play a critical role in many of these challenges. The goal of this course is to teach students how soils regulate environmental quality through a host of chemical, physical a,d biological processes. We will examine a series of global challenges, assess their related environmental issues and policies, and analyse the roles of soils in each issue.


SSC 461Soil Physical Properties and Plant GrowthUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: SSC 200
Soil physical properties and their influence on plant growth and environmentally sound land use; soil solid-porosity-density relationships, soil water, heat and air relations and transport. Principles and applications of these topics using current literature in agronomy, turf, horticulture, water quality, waste management and urban land use.


SSC (CS) 462Soil-Crop Management SystemsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: CS 213, CS 414, SSC 342, SSC 452; senior standing
Unites principles of soil science and crop science with those of allied areas into realistic agronomic applications; practical studies in planning and evaluation of soil and crop management systems.


SSC 470Wetland SoilsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: SSC 200, SSC 452 recommended
Wetland definitions, concepts, functions and regulations; chemical, physical and morphological characteristics of wetland soils. Wetland soil identification using field indicators and monitoring equipment; principles of wetland creation, restoration and mitigation. Special project required for SSC 570. Two mandatory field trips. Field trips for distance education students are not required but optional. Credit will not be given for both SSC 470 and SSC 570.


SSC (CS) 490Senior Seminar in Crop Science and Soil ScienceUNITS: 1 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Senior standing in Agronomy, Plant and Soil Sciences, or Turfgrass Science
Review and discussion of current topics in crop science, soil science, agronomy and natural resource management. Preparation and presentation of scientific information in written and oral format. Senior standing in Agronomy, Plant and Soil Sciences, or Turfgrass Science.


SSC 492External Learning ExperienceUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing
A learning experience in agriculture and life sciences within an academic framework that utilizes facilities and resources which are external to the campus. Contact and arrangements with the prospective employers must be initiated by student and approved by a faculty adviser, the prospective employer, the departmental teaching coordinator and the academic dean prior to the experience.


SSC 493Special Problems in Soil ScienceUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing
A learning experience in agriculture and life sciences within an academic framework that utilizes campus facilities and resources. Contact and arrangements with prospective employers must be initiated by student and approved by a faculty adviser, the prospective employer, the departmental teaching coordinator prior to the experience.


SSC 495Special Topics in Soil ScienceUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: SSC 200
Offered as needed to present materials not normally available in regular course offerings or for offering of new courses on a trial basis.


SSC 511Soil PhysicsUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: SSC 200, PY 212
Soil physical properties and theory of selected instrumentation to measure them. Topics including soil solids, soil water, air and heat. Emphasis on transport processes and the energy concept of soil and water.


SSC 521Soil ChemistryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: SSC 200, one yr. of general inorganic chemistry
A consideration of the chemical and colloidal properties of clay and soil systems, including ion exchange and retention, soil solution reactions, solvation of clays and electrokinetic properties of clay-water systems.


SSC (MB) 532Soil MicrobiologyUNITS: 4
Prerequisite: MB 351; CH 220
Soil as a medium for microbial growth, the relation of microbes to important mineral transformations in soil, the importance of biological equilibrium and significance of soil microbes to environmental quality.


SSC 540Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in Soil Science and AgricultureUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: SSC 200
Geographic information systems (GIS), global positioning system (GPS), and remote sensing to manage spatially variable soils, vegetation, other natural resources. Develop: function understanding of GIS principles, working knowledge of ArcGIS, problem-solving/critical-thinking necessary to use GIS to characterize and manage soils, agriculture, natural resources. Introduction to GIS; Maps/Cartography; Vectore/Raster Data Models; Georeferencing/Coordinate Systems; Spatial Data Sources; GPS/GPS skillls/ Remote Sensing; Statistics/Interpolation; Precision Agriculture; Computer Aided Design and GIS; Creating Analyzing 3-D Surfaces. Credit not given for both SSC 440 and SSC 540.


SSC 541Soil FertilityUNITS: 3
Prerequisite: SSC 341
Soil conditions affecting plant growth and the chemistry of soil and fertilizer interrelationships. Factors affecting the availability of nutrients. Methods of measuring nutrient availability.


SSC 545Remote Sensing Applications in Soil Science and AgricultureUNITS: 3 - Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: SSC 200, PY 212
Overview of remote sensing including history, evolution, vocabulary, and physical principles, i.e., electromagnetic radiation and its interaction with matter. Distant and proximate remote sensing techniques (aerial photography, satellite imaging, radar, lidar, etc.), hardware, and platforms and their application in the characterization and management of soils and crops. Development of strategies for incorporating remote sensing into soil and agronomic research, and of practical skills for processing, analysis, display, and discussion of remote sensing data with applications in soil science and agriculture.


SSC 551Soil Morphology, Genesis and ClassificationUNITS: 3
Prerequisite: SSC 200
Morphology: Chemical, physical and mineralogical parameters useful in characterizing soil. Genesis: soil-forming factors and processes. Classification: historical development and present concepts of soil taxonomy with particular reference to worldwide distribution of great soil groups as well as discussions of logical bases of soil classification.


SSC 562Environmental Applications Of Soil ScienceUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: SSC 200
Identification and evaluation of basic factors influencing movement of potential pollutants through soil and their underlying strata. Development of understanding of processes of soil and site evaluation for waste disposal and transport of pollutants through soils.


SSC 570Wetland SoilsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: SSC 200, SSC 452 recommended
Wetland definitions, concepts, functions and regulations; chemical, physical and morphological characteristics of wetland soils. Wetland soil identification using field indicators and monitoring equipment; principles of wetland creation, restoration and mitigation. Special project required for SSC 570. Two mandatory field trips. Field trips for distance education students are not required but optional. Credit will not be given for both SSC 470 and SSC 570.


SSC (BAE) 573Introduction to Surface Hydrologic/Water Quality ModelingUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: BAE 471, SSC 200
Concepts in basic hydrologic, erosion and chemical transport used in modeling. Evaluation of typical hydrologic/water quality models on watershed systems. Usage of state-of-the-art models in project examples.


SSC 590Special ProblemsUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: SSC 200
Special problems in various phases of soils. Emphasis placed on review of recent and current research. Credits Arranged


SSC 601SeminarUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Graduate standing in SSC
A maximum of two semester hours allowed toward the master's degree, but any number toward the doctorate. Scientific articles, progress reports in research and special problems of interest to soil scientists reviewed and discussed.


SSC 609Colloquium In Soil ScienceUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Graduate standing in SSC
Seminar-type discussions and lectures on specialized and advanced topics in soil science. Credits Arranged


SSC 620Special ProblemsUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: SSC 200
Special problems in various phases of soils. Emphasis placed on review of recent and current research. Credits Arranged


SSC 685Master's Supervised TeachingUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.


SSC 688Non-Thesis Masters Continuous Registration - Half Time RegistrationUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain half-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc.


SSC 689Non-Thesis Master Continuous Registration - Full Time RegistrationUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain full-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc. Students may register for this course a maximum of one semester.


SSC 690Master's ExamUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students in non thesis master's programs who have completed all other requirements of the degree except preparing for and taking the final master's exam. Credits Arranged


SSC 693Master's Supervised ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.


SSC 695Master's Thesis ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Thesis Research


SSC 696Summer Thesis ResearchUNITS: 1 - Offered in Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.


SSC 699Master's Thesis PreparationUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students who have completed all credit hour requirements and full-time enrollment for the master's degree and are writing and defending their thesis. Credits arranged


SSC 701Tropical Soils: Characteristics and ManagementUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Corequisite: Six credits in SSC
Characteristics of the tropical environment. Distribution and classification of tropical soils. Soil-plant relationships in the tropics. Soil management systems with emphasis on shifting cultivation, flooded rice production, subsistence farming and tropical pasture management.


SSC 720Soil and Plant AnalysisUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: PY 212; CH 315; at least three soils courses including SSC 341
Theory and advanced principles of utilization of chemical instruments to aid research on the heterogeneous systems of soils and plants.


SSC 722Advanced Soil ChemistryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: SSC 521, CH 730
Critical review of application of chemical thermodynamics and kinetics to under standing soil systems, solution equilibria, precipitation and dissolution, complexation, reduction-oxidation, surface-solute interactions and chemical transport. Application of chemical speciation models.


SSC (CS) (HS) (TOX) 725Pesticide ChemistryUNITS: 1 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: CH 201 and 221
Chemical properties of pesticides including hydration and solvation, ionization, volatilization, lipophilicity, molecular structure and size, and reactivity and classification according to chemical description, mode of action or ionizability. Taughtduring the first 5 weeks of semester. Drop date is last day of 3rd week of the minicourse.


SSC (CS) (HS) (TOX) 727Pesticide Behavior and Fate In the EnvironmentUNITS: 2 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: CS(HS,SSC,TOX) 725,SSC 200
Sorption/desorption, soil reactivity, movement, volatilization, bioavailability, degradation and stability of pesticides in the environment. Taught during the last 10 weeks of semester. Drop date is last day of 3rd week of the minicourse.


SSC 753Soil MineralogyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: SSC 200, SSC 341
Composition, structure, classification, identification, origin, occurrence and significance of soil minerals with emphasis on primary weatherable silicates, layer silicate clays and sesquioxides.


SSC (BAE) 771Theory Of Drainage--Saturated FlowUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Discussion of physical concepts and properties of fluids and porous media in relation to soil-water movement. Derivation and discussion of the fundamental laws and equations governing saturated flow in porous media. Analysis of mathematical solutions of steady-state and transient flow equations to determine their applicability to drainage problems. Consideration of analogs and models of particular drainage problems.


SSC 790Special TopicsUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Only


SSC 801SeminarUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer


SSC 809Colloquium In Soil ScienceUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Graduate standing in SSC
Seminar-type discussions and lectures on specialized and advanced topics in soil science. Credits Arranged


SSC 820Special ProblemsUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: SSC 200
Special problems in various phases of soils. Emphasis placed on review of recent and current research. Credits Arranged


SSC 885Doctoral Supervised TeachingUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.


SSC 890Doctoral Preliminary ExaminationUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
For students who are preparing for and taking written and/or oral preliminary exams.


SSC 893Doctoral Supervised ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graudate Faculty.


SSC 895Doctoral Dissertation ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
Dissertation research.


SSC 896Summer Dissertation ResearchUNITS: 1 - Offered in Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.


SSC 899Doctoral Dissertation PreparationUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
For students who have completed all credit hour, full-time enrollment, preliminary examination and residency requirements for the doctoral degree and are writing and defending their dissertations.