PY - Physics


PY 123Stellar and Galactic AstronomyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Natural Sciences
Introductory, descriptive survey of stars, galaxies and cosmology, designed primarily for non-science majors. Exotic recent discoveries such as quasars, pulsars, and black holes will be included. Complements PY 124, Solar System Astronomy. Companion laboratory course PY 125.


PY 124Solar System AstronomyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Natural Sciences
Introductory, descriptive survey of the solar system designed primarily for non-science majors, including current results from space probes, history of astronomy, and the motions of the moon, stars, and planets in the night sky. Complementary course covering stars, galaxies and cosmology (PY 123). Companion laboratory course (PY 125).


PY 125Astronomy LaboratoryUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Natural Sciences
Corequisite: PY 123 or 124
Introduction to astronomical observing. Twelve exercises include astronomical instruments; the nature of light; Kepler's and Newton's laws of motion; the constellations, planets, binary stars, stellar clusters, and galaxies. Use of small telescopes to observe celestial objects.


PY 126Computer-based Astronomy LaboratoryUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Natural Sciences
Corequisite: PY 123 or PY 124
Ten computer-based laboratory exercises in astronomy. Celestial coordinates, motions of celestial objects, and bright stars and constellations. Simulated observing of planets, stars, and galaxies, with data reduction and analysis.


PY 131Conceptual PhysicsUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Natural Sciences
Fundamentals of physics from a conceptual rather than a mathematical viewpoint. Applications of physics to everyday phenomena and experiences. Numerous demonstrations and discovery-based laboratory. Mechanics, properties of matter, heat, sound, electricity and magnetism, light and relativity.


PY 133Conceptual Physics: OpticsUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Natural Sciences
Fundamentals of optics from a conceptual rather than a mathematical viewpoint. Applications of optics ranging from everyday phenomena to modern optical devices; from rainbows to lasers. Numerous demonstrations and discovery-based laboratory. Properties of light, color, optical devices, light in the atmosphere, vision in animals and man, light in modern physics, light in the cosmos.


PY 201University Physics IUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall Only, Natural Sciences
Corequisite: MA 141. Credit is not allowed for both PY 201 and PY 205 or PY 211.
First course of three semester sequence for students majoring in physical and mathematical sciences. Calculus used throughout. Principles of classical Newtonian mechanics covered in detail.


PY 202University Physics IIUNITS: 4 - Offered in Spring Only, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: PY 201, MA 141, Corequisite: MA 241. Credit is not allowed for both PY 202 and PY 208 or PY 211.
Second course of three semester sequence designed primarily for students majoring in physical and mathematical sciences. Calculus used throughout. Principles of electricity and magnetism covered in detail.


PY 203University Physics IIIUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall Only, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: PY 202, MA 241, Corequisite: MA 242
Third course of three semester sequence designed primarily for students majoring in physical and mathematical sciences. Calculus is used throughout. Principles of wave optics and modern physics are covered in detail.


PY 205Physics for Engineers and Scientists IUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: MA 141 with a grade of C- or better or MA 241PL. Credit is not allowed for both PY 205 and PY 201 or PY 211. Co-requisite: PY 206. ADD BOTH PY 205 and PY 206 TO YOUR SHOPPING CART AND THEN ENROLL SIMULTANEOUSLY
First semester of a two-semester sequence in introductory physics, with coordinated problem-solving experiences. A calculus-based study of mechanics, sound and heat. Credit not allowed for more than one of PY 205, PY 201, and PY 211.


PY 206Physics for Engineers and Scientists I LaboratoryUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: MA 141 with a grade of C- or better or MA 241 Placement. Co-requisite: PY 205. ADD BOTH PY 205 and PY 206 TO YOUR SHOPPING CART AND THEN ENROLL SIMULTANEOUSLY
Laboratory course to accompany the PY 205 lecture course. A calculus-based study of mechanics, sound and heat.


PY 208Physics for Engineers and Scientists IIUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: C- or better in PY 205 and C- or better in MA 241. Credit is not allowed for both PY 208 and PY 202 or PY 212. Co-requisite: PY 209. ADD BOTH PY 208 and PY 209 TO YOUR SHOPPING CART AND THEN ENROLL SIMULTANEOUSLY
Second semester of a two-semester sequence in introductory physics. A calculus-based study of electricity, magnetism, optics and modern physics. Credit not allowed for more than one of PY 208,PY 202, and PY 212


PY 209Physics for Engineers and Scientists II LaboratoryUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Natural Sciences
Pre-requisite: PY 205 with grade of C- or better, MA 241 with grade of C- or better, PY 206 with grade of C- or better. Co-requisite: PY 208. ADD BOTH PY 208 and PY 209 TO YOUR SHOPPING CART AND THEN ENROLL SIMULTANEOUSLY
Laboratory course to accompany the PY 208 lecture course. A calculus-based study of electricity, magnetism, optics and modern physics.


PY 211College Physics IUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: MA 107 or 111 or 121 or 131 or 108 or 141 with a C- or better, or 480 on the SAT Subject Test in Mathematics Level 2 or the NCSU Math Skills Test, or 2 or better on an AP Calculus exam. Credit is not allowed for both PY 211 and PY 201 or PY
First semester of a two-semester introductory sequence in non-calculus physics, with laboratory. Mechanics, heat, wave motion and sound. Credit not allowed for more than one of PY 211, PY 201 or PY 205


PY 212College Physics IIUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: PY 211 or PY 205. Credit is not allowed for both PY 212 and PY 202 or PY 208.
Second semester of a two-semester introductory sequence in non-calculus physics, with laboratory. Electricity, and magnetism, light, modern physics. Credit not allowed for more than one of PY 212, PY 202, and PY 208


PY 251Introduction to Scientific ComputingUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: PY 202 or PY 208
An introductory course in scientific computing for the physical and mathematical sciences using python and other open-source tools. Using a problem-oriented approach, students will learn the basic computing skills needed to conduct scientific research and to prepare for upper-level courses in science and engineering. Topics will include algorithm development, numerical methods, elements of programming, data analysis, and data visualization.


PY 252Instrumental and Data Analysis for PhysicsUNITS: 2 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: PY 202 or PY 208
Digital data acquisition and lab computers (e.g. using LabView or MatLab) are tools used in nearly all current physics research labs. By using both analysis and thorough lab experimental investigation the student will learn basic skills with electronic devices (oscilloscope, power supplies, function generator, op-amps, high & low-pass filters, feedback circuits), electronic noise (measurement and analysis), and basic circuit construction methods (such as shielding/grounding, soldering).


PY 299Special Problems in PhysicsUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Study in experimental or analytical topics in classical and modern physics.


PY 301Introduction to Quantum MechanicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: PY 203 or 407
An introduction to wave mechanics and quantum phenomena including the Schroedinger equation for simple systems, the Hamiltonian operator, the use of commutator relations, and the application of angular momentum operators. Emphasis on mathematical tools used in wave mechanics, including complex numbers, function operators, eigenvalues and eigenvectors.


PY 328Stellar and Galactic AstrophysicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: PY 202 or PY 208
Introduction to the study of stars, galaxies, and the universe. Stars and stellar evolution; interstellar medium; galaxies and galaxy clusters; cosmology. Recent developments in the understanding of neutron stars, black holes, active galaxies, quasars and inflationary cosmologies.


PY 341Spacetime PhysicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: PY 203 or 407
Introduction to spacetime physics in accordance with Einstein's special theory of relativity; time dilation, twin paradox, Doppler effect, relativistic space travel, four-vectors, relativistic momentum and energy conservation laws in high energy physics. Consequences of Einstein's gravitational theory in cosmology; models of the expanding universe, neutron stars, black holes and the "big bang" hypothesis. .


PY 401Quantum Physics IUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Grade of C- or better in PY 411 and grade of C- or better in PY 203.
An introduction to the basic principles of quantum physics with an emphasis on selected applications to atoms, molecules, solids, nuclei and elementary particles.


PY 402Quantum Physics IIUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: C- or better in PY 401
An introduction to the basic principles of quantum physics with an emphasis on selected applications to atoms, molecules, solids, nuclei and elementary particles.


PY 407Introduction to Modern PhysicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: MA 242, PY 208
Major developments in modern physics: special relativity, origin of the quantum theory, atomic and molecular structure, radioactivity, properties of nuclei. Credit not allowed for both PY 203 and PY 407


PY 411Mechanics IUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: C- or better in PY 202 or C- or better in PY 208, and Corequisite of MA 341.
First semester of a two-semester sequence in particle and continuum mechanics at the intermediate level. Focuses on single-particle dynamics: Elementary Newtonian mechanics, harmonic oscillator, central force motion, conservation laws, motion in non-inertial frames, Coriolis and centrifugal forces, Lagrangian dynamics, Hamilton's equations.


PY 412Mechanics IIUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: C- or better in PY 411
Second semester of a two-semester sequence in particle and continuum mechanics at the intermediate level. Focuses on dynamics of systems of particles and continua: Center of mass, collisions, rigid bodies, inertia tensor, principal axes, stress andstrain tensors, mechanical properties of fluids and solids; Waves in discrete and continuum systems, coupled oscillators, normal modes, elements of special relativity.


PY 413Thermal PhysicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: PY 203 or 407, MA 341
An introduction to statistical mechanics and thermodynamics. The statistical study of physical systems emphasizing the connection between the statistical description of macroscopic systems and classical thermodynamics. Concepts of heat, internal energy, temperature and entropy. Classical and quantum statistical distributions.


PY 414Electromagnetism IUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: C- or better in PY 203 or C- or better in PY 407, and MA 341
First semester of a two-semester sequence. An intermediate course in electromagnetic theory using the methods of vector calculus. Electrostatic field and potential, dielectrics, solution to Laplace's and Poisson's equations, magnetic fields of steady currents.


PY 415Electromagnetism IIUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: C- o better in PY 414
A continuation of PY 414. Electromagnetic induction, magnetic fields in matter, Maxwell's equations, wave guides, radiation.


PY 452Advanced Physics LaboratoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Senior standing, Physics Majors
Introduction to laboratory electronics and instrumentation. Experiments in mechanics; electromagnetism; electronics; optics; and atomic, nuclear, plasma and solid state physics. Senior Physics students only


PY (MEA) 463Fluid PhysicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: MA 341 and PY 208
A derivation of the basic equations governing fluid motion in a rotating coordinate system. Equations include conservation of mass or the continuity equation, momentum equations, thermodynamic energy equation and the vorticity equation. Application of equations to simplified oceanic flows which include surface gravity waves, inertial motion, geostrophic motion, Ekman dynamics and vorticity dynamics.


PY 499Independent Research in PhysicsUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Study and research in physics. Topics for experimental or theoretical investigation.


PY 501Quantum Physics IUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: C- or better in PY 411
Basic principles of quantum physics with emphasis on selected applications to atoms, molecules, solids, nuclei and elementary particles. PY 501 - first semester in two-semester sequence in quantum mechanics; PY 501 - second semester of sequence. Credit for both PY 401 and PY 501 is not allowed


PY 502Quantum Physics IIUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: C- or better in PY 401
Basic principles of quantum physics with emphasis on selected applications to atoms, molecules, solids, nuclei and elementary particles. PY 502 - second semester in two-semester sequence in quantum mechanics; PY 501, first semester of sequence. Credit for both PY 402 and PY 502 is not allowed.


PY 506Nuclear and Subatomic PhysicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: PY 203 or 407; PY 412
Introduction to nuclear and subatomic phenomena: properties of nuclear radiations and detectors, accelerators, nuclear forces and nuclear structure, elementary particles, fundamental symmetries and conservation laws.


PY 507Elementary Particle PhysicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: PY 401 and PY 506
Introduction to fundamental symmetries and dynamics of quarks and leptons. The Standard Model, Dirac equation, Feynman rules in QED and QCD, the Higgs mechanism and electroweak unification.


PY 511Mechanics IUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: C- or better in PY 203 or C- or better in PY 407, and MA 341
First semester of two-semester sequence in particle and continuum mechanics at intermediate level. Single-particle dynamics: Elementary Newtonian mechanics, harmonic oscillator, central force motion, conservation laws, motion in non-inertial frames, Coriolis and centrifugal forces, Lagrangian dynamics, Hamilton's equations. Credit for both PY 411 and PY 511 is not allowed.


PY 512Mechanics IIUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: PY 511
Second semester of two-semester sequence in particle and continuum mechanics at intermediate level. Dynamics of systems of particles and continua: Center of mass, collisions, rigid bodies, inertia tensor, principla axes, stress and strain tensors,mechanical properties of fluids and solids; waves in discrete and continuum systems, coupled oscillators, normal modes, elements of special relativity. Credit for both PY 412 and PY 512 is not allowed.


PY 514Electromagnetism IUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: PY 203 or PY 208, MA 341
First semester of two-semester sequence. An intermediate course in electromagnetic theory using the methods of vector calculus. Electrostatis field and potential, dielectrics, solution to Laplace's and Poisson's equations, magnetic fields of steady currents. Credit for both PY 414 and PY 514 is not allowed.


PY 515Electromagnetism IIUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: PY 514
Continuation of PY 514. Electromagnetic induction, magnetic fields in matter, Maxwell's equations, wave guides, radiation. Credit for both PY 415 and PY 515 is not allowed.


PY 516Physical OpticsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: PY 415
Physical optics with major emphasis on wave properties of light. Boundary conditions, interference and diffraction, optics of thin films, fiber optics and applications to absorption, scattering and laser operation. A background in Maxwell's equations and vector analysis required.


PY 517Atomic and Molecular PhysicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: PY 401, 412
The quantum mechanical treatment of structure and spectra for atoms and molecules. The hydrogen atom, helium atom, multielectron atoms, selection rules, diatomic and simple polyatomic molecules and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.


PY 519Biological PhysicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: PY 413 or Graduate Standing
This course presents the application of physics principles and methods to problems in biological systems. Important biological molecules, their structures and their processes are introduced for physical scientists. Functional mechanisms are analyzed with concepts from thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, fluid mechanics, and electrostatics. Modern experimental methods and computational approaches to molecular and cellular level biological phenomena are emphasized.


PY 525Computational PhysicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: CSC 112 or equivalent; Corequisite: of PY 401
Computational approach to physics problem solving using standard software relevant for physicists. Electrostatic potentials, data analysis, Monte Carlo simulations, Fourier optics, particle orbits, Schrodinger's equation. Examples and assignments for each topic chosen to complement other physics courses.


PY (NE) 528Introduction to Plasma Physics and Fusion EnergyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: MA 401 and PY 208
Concepts in plasma physics, basics of thermonuclear reactions; charged particle collisions, single particle motions and drifts, radiation from plasmas and plasma waves, fluid theory of plasmas, formation and heating of plasmas, plasma confinement, fusion devices and other plasma applications.


PY 543AstrophysicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: PY 203 or 407; PY 411
Basic physics necessary to investigate, from observational data, internal conditions and evolution of stars. The formation and structure of spectral lines, methods of energy generation and transport, stellar structure, degeneracy, white dwarfs and neutron stars.


PY 552Introduction To the Structure Of SolidsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: C- or better in PY 401
Basic considerations of crystalline solids, metals, conductors and semiconductors.


PY 561Electronics For PhysicistsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
Analog and digital electronics laboratory course serving as introduction to use of modern instrumentation required for experimental research in physics. Bipolar and field effect transistors, operational amplifiers, oscillators, power supplies, analog-digital and digital-analog conversion and digital logic circuits.


PY (TE) 570Polymer PhysicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Polymer microstructures, polymer solutions, polymer physical states (including amorphous polymers, crystalline polymers, polymer melts, melting of polymers, glass-transition, and other transitions), polymer blends, polymer mechanical properties, polymer viscoelasticity and flow, multicomponent polymer systems, and modern polymer topics. The physics of polymer fibers. Graduate standing or permission of instructor.


PY 581Matter & Interactions for Teachers IUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
First semester (mechanics) of a two-semester sequence intended to broaden and deepen in high school physics teachers their knowledge of introductory-level physics from a contemporary point of view. Includes an introduction to computational physics.Departmental permission required: normally restricted to in-service high school physics teachers.


PY 582Matter & Interactions for Teachers IIUNITS: 3
Second semester (electricity and magnetism) of a two-semester sequence intended to broaden and deepen in high school physics teachers their knowledge of introductory-level physics from a contemporary point of view. Includes an introduction to computational physics. Departmental permission required: normally restricted to in-service high school physics teachers. PY 581 prerequisite may be waived with strong background in physics and mathematics.


PY 590Special Topics In PhysicsUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Investigations in physics under staff guidance. May consist of literature reviews, experimental or theoretical projects or special topics lectures. Credits Arranged


PY 599Special Topics in PhysicsUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Investigations in physics under staff guidance. May consist of literature reviews, experimental or theoretical projects or special topics lectures. Credits arranged


PY 601SeminarUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Reports on topics of current interest in physics. Several sections offered so that students with common research interests may be grouped together.


PY 610Special TopicsUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Investigations in physics under staff guidance. May consist of literature reviews, experimental or theoretical projects or special topics lectures. Credits Arranged.


PY 615Advanced Special Topics In PhysicsUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Advanced study in astrophysics, atomic and molecular physics, condensed matter physics, nuclear physics or plasma physics. Emphasis on new and rapidly developing research areas.


PY 685Master's Supervised TeachingUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.


PY 688Non-Thesis Masters Continuous Registration - Half Time RegistrationUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain half-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc.


PY 689Non-Thesis Master Continuous Registration - Full Time RegistrationUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain full-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc. Students may register for this course a maximum of one semester.


PY 693Master's Supervised ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.


PY 695Master's Thesis ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Thesis Research


PY 696Summer Thesis ResearchUNITS: 1 - Offered in Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.


PY 699Master's Thesis PreparationUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students who have completed all credit hour requirements and full-time enrollment for the master's degree and are writing and defending their thesis. Credits Arranged


PY 711Advanced Quantum Mechanics IUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: MA 512, PY 782
Introduction to relativistic quantum theory of Dirac particles and the positron. Other topics including second quantization technique and its application to many-body problems, radiation theory and quantization of the electromagnetic field.


PY 712Advanced Quantum Mechanics IIUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: PY 711
A general propagator treatment of Dirac particles, photons and scalar and vector mesons. Applications of Feynman graphs and rules illustrating basic techniques employed in treatment of electromagnetic, weak and strong interactions. Renormalization theory, the effects of radiative corrections and aspects of the general Lorentz covariant theory of quantized fields.


PY 721Statistical Physics IUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: PY 401, PY 413
Basic elements of kinetic theory and equilibrium statistical mechanics, both classical and quantum; applications of the techniques developed to various ideal models of noninteracting particles.


PY 722Statistical Physics IIUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: PY 721
A continuation of PY 721, with emphasis on the static and dynamic properties of real (interacting) systems. Topics including equilibrium theory of fluids and linear response theory of time-dependent phenomena.


PY (ECE) 727Semiconductor Thin Film TechnologyUNITS: 3
Prerequisite: ECE 404
Techniques and processes encountered in growth and characterization of epitaxial semiconductor thin films. Interactions of gases at solid interfaces and gas phase dynamics related to epitaxial processes. Example of growth techniques are: solution growth, molecular beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition. Film characterization includes electrical, structural, optical, and chemical techniques. Issues involved in epitaxial growth such as: lattice match, critical layer thickness, heterostructures, superlattices and quantum wells.


PY 753Introduction To the Structure Of Solids IIUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: PY 552
The properties of semiconductors, superconductors, magnets, ferroelectrics and crystalline defects and dislocations.


PY 754Properties of Surfaces and InterfacesUNITS: 3
Prerequisite: PY(ECE) 552
Properties of surfaces and interfaces of materials. Relation between electronic properties and atomic structure. (A) Surfaces: thermodynamics, experimental techniques, structure and reconstruction.


PY 755Dielectric Films and their InterfacesUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: PY 552
This course addresses: i) local atomic structure of non-crystalline/amorphous dielectrics - experimental methods and theory; ii) classification of dielectric materials - by bond ionicity, bond density and bonding contraints/atom to discriminate between ideal covalent random networks, disrupted networks, and nano-crystallinity; iii) thermally-grown silicon dioxide and its interface with Si - the standard for alternative dielectrics; iv) electronic structure and bonding in transition metal/lathanide rare earth dielectrics; and v) intrinsic limitations on the performance and reliability of metal-oxide-semiconductor devices.


PY 781Quantum Mechanics IUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: MA 512; PY 411 or 414; Graduate standing
Fundamental concepts and formulations, including interpretation and techniques, and the application of theory to simple physical systems, such as the free particle, the harmonic oscillator, the particle in a potential well and central force problems. Other topics including approximation methods, identical particles and spin, transformation theory, symmetries and invariance, and an introduction to quantum theory of scattering and angular momentum.


PY 782Quantum Mechanics IIUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: MA 512; PY 411 or 414; Graduate standing
Fundamental concepts and formulations, including interpretation and techniques, and the application of theory to simple physical systems, such as the free particle, the harmonic oscillator, the particle in a potential well and central force problems. Other topics including approximation methods, identical particles and spin, transformation theory, symmetries and invariance, and an introduction to quantum theory of scattering and angular momentum.


PY 783Advanced Classical Mechanics IUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: MA 512, PY 412, PY 414; Graduate standing
Introduction to theoretical physics in preparation for advanced study. Emphasis on classical mechanics, special relativity and the motion of charged particles. Topics including variational principles, Hamiltonian dynamics and canonical transformation theory, structure of the Lorentz group and elementary dynamics of unquantized fields.


PY 785Advanced Electricity and Magnetism IUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: PY 415; Graduate standing
Topics including techniques for solution of potential problems, development of Maxwell's equations; wave equations, energy, force and momentum relations of an electromagnetic field; covariant formulation of electrodynamics; radiation from accelerated charges.


PY 786Advanced Electricity and Magnetism IIUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: PY 415; Graduate standing
Topics including techniques for solution of potential problems, development of Maxwell's equations; wave equations, energy, force and momentum relations of an electromagnetic field; covariant formulation of electrodynamics; radiation from accelerated charges.


PY 801SeminarUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Reports on topics of current interest in physics. Several sections offered so that students with common research interests may be grouped together.


PY 810Special Topics In PhysicsUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Investigations in physics under staff guidance. May consist of literature reviews, experimental or theoretical projects or special topics lectures. Credits Arranged


PY 815Advanced Special Topics In PhysicsUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Advanced study in astrophysics, atomic and molecular physics, condensed matter physics, nuclear physics or plasma physics. Emphasis on new and rapidly developing research areas.


PY 885Doctoral Supervised TeachingUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.


PY 890Doctoral Preliminary ExaminationUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
For students who are preparing for and taking written and/or oral preliminary exams.


PY 893Doctoral Supervised ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.


PY 895Doctoral Dissertation ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
Dissertation Research


PY 896Summer Dissertation ResearchUNITS: 1 - Offered in Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.


PY 899Doctoral Dissertation PreparationUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
For students who have completed all credit hour requirements, full-time enrollment, preliminary examination, and residency requirements for the doctoral degree, and are writing and defending their dissertations.