PS - Political Science


PS 101Internet ResearchUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Tools and techniques for conducting Internet research and electronic literature reviews. Documentation and ethics of using and citing information sources.


PS 102Data AnalysisUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Statistical analysis of governmental and survey data. Introduction to data sets and collecting, computerizing and analyzing political and social data.


PS 103Designing Political Web PagesUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Principles of effective internet communication in political professions, for constituency contact and grassroots mobilization, and use of web documents by politicians and political organizations. Design of web page documents and creation of internet directories.


PS 201American Politics and GovernmentUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Social Sciences
Analysis of American political institutions and processes, including the constitution, political culture, campaigns and elections, political parties, interest groups, the media, the president, congress, the federal courts, and public policy. Discussion of contemporary and controversial issues in American politics. Emphasis on placing current issues in comparative and historical perspective where relevant.


PS 202State and Local GovernmentUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Social Sciences
State and local governments within the context of the American federal system. Special emphasis on federalism, the constitutional/legal relationships between state and local governments, and the institutions, organizational forms, and political processes in American state and local government.


PS 203Introduction to NonprofitsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Social Sciences
Development of nonprofit organizations and the contributions of nonprofits in the U.S., other countries, and the international community; political, social, and economic roles of nonprofits; nonprofit governance; partnerships with government and other nonprofits; types of organizations in the nonprofit sector; contemporary policy issues. Service project with minor transportation costs.


PS 204Problems of American DemocracyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Social Sciences
Political problems in America from the perspective of political theory. Democracy, economics and politics, racial and sexual equality, civil disobedience, and individual freedom.


PS 205Law and JusticeUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Social Sciences
Role of law from practical, political and theoretical perspective; linkages between law and justice in addressing social problems, such as gun control; drug legalization; civil disobedience; gender equality; and property rights; the impact of media on public perceptions of law and justice.


PS 231Introduction to International RelationsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Global Knowledge, Social Sciences
Evolution of relations among nations and of the roles of the United Nations and other international institutions, including changes in the world political system since the end of the cold war.


PS 236Issues in Global PoliticsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring and Summer, Global Knowledge, Social Sciences
Selected problems facing the world community, related political issues, and international responses to them, including international trade, economic development, wars, arms control, terrorism, ethnic conflict, human rights, status of women, population growth, food security, and environmental degradation.


PS 241Introduction to Comparative PoliticsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Global Knowledge, Social Sciences
Introductory comparative analysis of a selected variety of political systems always including some developed democracies, some communist states and some developing countries. A minimum familiarity with the American political system is assumed.


PS 298Special Topics in Political ScienceUNITS: 1-6
Experimental course at the freshman and sophomore levels.


PS 301The Presidency and CongressUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Social Sciences
Prerequisite: PS 201
Historical development, selection, and internal organization of the presidency and congress. Discussion of the relations between the branches and the influence of public opinion, interest groups and parties on the federal government. Analysis of the legislative process.


PS 302Campaigns and Elections in the US Political SystemUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Social Sciences
Prerequisite: PS 201
Campaigns and elections in the United States with emphasis on presidential and congressional primary and general elections. Development of theoretical propositions concerning how and why people vote, how and why candidates campaign, and behavioral reasons underlying candidates' successes and failures. Special emphasis on the role of the mass media in the electoral process.


PS 303Race in U.S. PoliticsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Even Years, Social Sciences, U.S. Diversity
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing
Race in American politics with emphasis on the African-American political experience: civil rights legislation, voting rights, political representation, campaigns and party politics, survey attitudes, and public policies including affirmative action.


PS 305The Justice System in the American Political ProcessUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Social Sciences
Criminal justice process and civil justice system in the American judiciary, including court organization and legal professionals such as police, attorneys and judges; formulation and implementation of policies by law enforcement and the courts; impact of political system upon police, attorneys and judges; interaction between public and legal professionals in judicial decision making. Students who have successfully completed PS 306 or PS 311 may not receive credit for PS 305.


PS (WGS) 306Gender and Politics in the United StatesUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Social Sciences, U.S. Diversity
Prerequisite: PS 201
This course explores the role of gender in contemporary American politics. The course examines the historical course of gender politics to see how we have arrived at the present state. It investigates the activities that women and men play in modern politics-voting, running for office, serving in office, etc., and how women and men perform these activities in different ways. The course also focuses on major areas of public policy that affect women and men in different ways.


PS 307Introduction to Criminal Law in the United StatesUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Principles underlying the criminal law in the United States and classification of crimes, criminal act, factors affecting criminal responsibility and various types of offenses. Observation of state and federal court sessions.


PS 308Supreme Court and Public PolicyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
The role of the Supreme Court in American politics, with emphasis on the use of litigation as a form of political activity. Readings include relevant court cases as well as descriptions of the Supreme Court in action.


PS 309Equality and Justice in United States LawUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years, Social Sciences, U.S. Diversity
Equality and justice in American law; federal and state court interpretation of constitutional and statutory law. Topics include racial justice; prisoners' rights and just punishments; nontraditional families and reproductive technologies; gay rights; immigration law; criminal justice practices.


PS 310Public PolicyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Social Sciences
Introduction to public policy formulation and analysis, including agenda-setting strategies, problems of legitimation, the appropriations process, implementation, evaluation, resolution, and termination.


PS 312Introduction to Public AdministrationUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Social Sciences
Administration in city, state and national governments: effectiveness and responsiveness, involvement in policy areas, and issues of ethics and responsibilities.


PS 313Criminal Justice PolicyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: PS 201
This course covers the basic policies and controversies in criminal justice in the United States. The course will explore how criminal justice policies get made, why they get made, how well or poorly they work, and what we can do better. The course will examine primarily longstanding areas of policy debate, e.g., illegal drugs, prisons, capital punishments, etc., but we will also pay attention to policy debates in the news.


PS 314Science, Technology and Public PolicyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Social Sciences
Societal impacts of science and technology. Structures and processes for formulation, implementation, evaluation of United States science and technology policy. Political implications of selected issues in science and technology policy studies.


PS 320U.S. Environmental Law and PoliticsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Social Sciences
Emergence of the environment as an issue in United States politics. Law and policy pertaining to air and water pollution, land-use, water, energy, toxic substances, and wilderness. Roles of national and state governments, scientists, corporations, and citizens groups in addressing environmental problems


PS 331U.S. Foreign PolicyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Social Sciences
The content, formulation, and execution of U.S. foreign policy during the postwar period, with concentration on major issues and trends, the instruments for implementing foreign policy, and analysis of the policy-making process.


PS 335International LawUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Global Knowledge, Social Sciences
Usefulness and limitations of international law, including obligations and immunities of sovereign states, non-state actors, peaceful settlement of disputes, human rights, laws of war, and recent international war crimes tribunals. Emphasis on individual case decisions in U.S. and international courts.


PS 336Global Environmental PoliticsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Global Knowledge, Social Sciences
International politics, laws, and policies pertaining to global environmental problems in the realms of population, pollution, climate change, biological diversity, forests oceans, and fisheries.


PS 339Politics of the World EconomyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Global Knowledge
Politics of international trade and payments, including barriers to trade, dispute settlement, multinational corporations, financial crises, international economic institutions and the problems of economic underdevelopment.


PS 341European PoliticsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Global Knowledge, Social Sciences
Comparative analysis of the interests, institutions and processes that determine political stability and economic security in Europe, including the political and economic development of Europe, the role of parties and party politics, the institutions and politics of the European Union.


PS 342Politics of China and JapanUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Global Knowledge, Social Sciences
Politics, public policy, and foreign affairs of China and Japan.


PS 343Government and Politics in South AsiaUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Survey of government structures, politics, foreign policies and economic policies of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Democratization; religious, ethnic and sectarian conflicts; nuclear proliferation; Kashmir conflict; and economic development.


PS 345Governments and Politics in the Middle EastUNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Social Sciences
Historical, geographic, religious, and political-economic factors of the Middle East. Particular attention is given to the internal politics of selected countries, as well as issues of international concern.


PS 361Introduction to Political TheoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Humanities
Nature and purpose of politics, as treated by such writers as Plato, Aristotle, St. Augustine, Machiavelli, Locke, Rousseau, Mill, Marx, and Nietzsche.


PS 362American Political ThoughtUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Humanities
American ideas and institutions as viewed from the perspective of great American political thinkers, such as Frederick Douglass, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, Henry David Thoreau, Abraham Lincoln, Franklin Roosevelt, and Malcolm X.


PS 371Research Methodology of Political ScienceUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: ST 311 or (ST301 and ST302)
Research methods in social science and quantitative analysis in political science and public policy including research design, data collection, statistical analysis and computer applications.


PS 391Internship in Political ScienceUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Internship in a governmental agency, interest group, or like organization involves seminar or formal report.


PS 398Special Topics in Political ScienceUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
For topics not part of regular course offerings, or offering of new courses on a trial basis. May be taken up to three times provided the topics are different.


PS 401American Parties and Interest GroupsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
American parties and interest groups as instruments for mobilizing electorates, shifting public opinion and setting political priorities. The role of parties and interest groups in operating and financing elections. Strategies, tactics and problems of parties and interest groups influencing elected officials, bureaucrats and the policy process.


PS 406American State PoliticsUNITS: 3
Comparative study of the politics and policies of the fifty American states. Socioeconomic and political variations and state response to intergovernmental domestic programs. Analysis of state policy in economic development, environment, health, housing, education, transportation, criminal justice and regulation.


PS 408Urban PoliticsUNITS: 3
Examination of politics in small towns, cities, counties, and urban regions including political development of cities, groups in urban politics, governmental institutions, local government officials, citizen participation, suburban development, metropolitan reform, and intergovernmental relations.


PS (AFS) 409Black Political Participation in AmericaUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, U.S. Diversity
African American political participation in the United States; political culture, socialization, and mobilization, with a focus on the interaction between African Americans and actors, institutions, processes, and policies of the American political system.


PS 411Public Opinion and the Media in American PoliticsUNITS: 3
Prerequisite: PS 201
Nature, content, origins, and effects of public opinion in the American political system; role of the mass media in articulating and shaping public opinion; issues concerning measurement of public opinion.


PS (SOC) 413Criminal Justice Field WorkUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Acceptance in Criminal Justice Option; Senior standing; SOC 306 and PS 311
Supervised observation and experience in a criminal justice agency. Study of relationships between ongoing programs and relevant political and sociological theory and research. Weekly seminars, small groups and individual conferences. Presentation of an integrative report.


PS 415Administration of JusticeUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Junior standing or above
Politics and administration in the American system of justice. Credit will not be given for both PS 415 and PA 515


PS (WGS) 418Gender Law and PoliciesUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, U.S. Diversity
Prerequisite: 3 hours of Political Science
Law and policy pertaining to contemporary gender issues. Examination of agenda setting, policy formation, implementation, judicial interpretation and evaluation of selected issues, such as reproductive policies, equal employment and sexual abuse.


PS 431The United Nations and Global OrderUNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge
Prerequisite: PS 231 or PS 236 or PS 335
United Nations in contemporary world politics. Functions and operation of central organs, commissions, and specialized agencies. Role in addressing global issues including peacekeeping, arms control, human rights, economic and social development, and environment.


PS (SOC) 432Violence, Terrorism, and Public PolicyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: SOC 300 or PS 371
The course examines interpersonal and group violence in contemporary societies and the causes for its occurrences. Specific forms of violence that will be examined include domestic violence, gangs, homicide, and terrorism, domestically and internationally. Throughout the course students will use data to critically evaluate policies and practices to prevent and control violence and will examine potential solutions to the problems of violence.


PS 433Global Problems and PoliciesUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Global Knowledge
Prerequisite: PS 231 or PS 236 or PS 241
Critical analysis of issues and events in world politics, including terrorism, drug trafficking and money laundering, transmission of infectious diseases, democratization, globalization and economic development.


PS 434Ethnic Conflict and Political ViolenceUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
In this course, students will examine the phenomenon of ethnic conflict in the modern world. Why is ethnicity such a potent source of conflict? How important is "ethnicity" as opposed to politics, economic, or other factors in generating ethnic conflict? Is ethnic conflict inevitable? Why is it more prominent in some places than others? What can states, international organizations, and peoples of the world do to prevent or ameliorate interethnic strife? We will examine these questions through a mix of theoretical readings and in-depth case studies of sectarian violence, terrorism, state failure and collapse, riots, and racial tensions, and etc..


PS 437U.S. National Security PolicyUNITS: 3
Prerequisite: PS 331
Formulation and implementation of United States national security policy, including its military, political and economic dimensions. Historical evolution of US policy primarily from the end of World War II through the end of the Cold War and to itscontemporary context.


PS 443Seminar in Latin American & Caribbean PoliticsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Six hours of Political Science including PS 231
Comparative political development in Latin America and the Caribbean. Emphasis on democratization and implications for US foreign policy. Credit cannot be given for both PS 443 and PS 543


PS 445Comparative Systems of Law and JusticeUNITS: 3
Prerequisite: PS 311 and Junior standing
Legal culture and administration of justice in various countries and in the U.S. Emphasis on the impact of legal ideology on crime, political justice, police administration, corrections and judicial process. Credit will not be given for both PS 445 and PS 545


PS 462Seminar in Political TheoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: PS 361 or Consent of Instructor
A special area in political theory through selected texts, independent research, and seminar reports. Topics vary from year to year, such as ancient and modern political thought, democratic theory, and political theory in literature.


PS 463Public Choice and Political InstitutionsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Junior standing or Senior standing, Political Science Majors, 12 hours of Political Science Courses
Examination of public choice approach to political science. Analysis of political institutions and how they modify human behavior and influence political and policy outcomes. Fulfills department's undergraduate senior seminar requirement.


PS 471Public Opinion Research MethodologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Survey research methodology in public opinion polling, campaign management, media and market research, needs assessment and program evaluation. Topics include questionnaire design, survey sampling, computer applications, and data analysis.


PS 490Readings and Research in Political ScienceUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Extensive readings or research in political science under direct faculty supervision.


PS 492Honors Readings and Thesis in Political ScienceUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Admission to Honors Program
Independent reading and preparation of an honors thesis in political science.


PS 498Special Topics in Political ScienceUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Six hours of Political Science
Detailed investigation of a topic. Topic and mode of study determined by the student and a faculty member.


PS 502The Legislative ProcessUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Advanced Undergraduate standing including 12 hrs. of PS, Graduate standing or PBS status
The formulation of public policy from institutional and behavioral viewpoints. Important current legislative problems at congressional and state legislative levels selected and serve as basis for analyzing legislative process.


PS 506United States Constitutional LawUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: 12 hours of PS or Graduate standing or PBS status
Basic constitutional doctrines, including fundamental law, judicial review, individual rights and political privileges and national and state power. Special attention given to application of these doctrines to regulation of business, agriculture andlabor and to rights safeguarded by First, Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution.


PS 507Civil Liberties In the United StatesUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: 12 hours of PS or Graduate standing or PBS status
Leading constitutional cases in civil liberties and individual rights along with writings of leading commentators.


PS 530Seminar In International RelationsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
May be taken for up to six hours credit. In-depth examination of a topic within larger field of international politics to be selected by instructor for each semester from subjects pertaining to interstate relations, international law and organization, regional politics, foreign and security policy or global issues. Students undertake substantial independent research project.


PS 531International LawUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Graduate standing or Advanced Undergraduate standing
Sources and subjects of international law, domestic and international jurisdictions, judicial settlement, legal and illegal uses of force and substance of law in selected policy areas.


PS 532Seminar in Global GovernanceUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
The politics of global governance, with emphasis on the role of intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, international regimes, and supranational institutions, and the comparative analysis of different governance structures. Includes study of the mechanisms of international cooperation between states and their citizens in a variety of issue areas, such as trade, money, development, humanitarianism, the environment, human rights, and security. Graduate standing.


PS 533Global Problems and PolicyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Advanced Undergraduate standing including 12 hours of PS program, Graduate standing or PBS status
International policy processes and policy responses to problems of global scope including role of international law. Consideration given to economic development, human rights and other policy problems selected for specific semesters. Independent research on a global policy problem of student's choice.


PS 534The Politics of Human Rights PoliciesUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Human rights policies and politics within the modern global society; the interplay of international organizations, governments and non-governmental actors in promoting and undermining international human rights; examines how domestic politics, sovereignty, cultural norms, religion, geo-political competition, past colonialism, and economic considerations affect efforts to address human rights violations in different countries; human rights issues such as genocide, humanitarian intervention, women and gender issues, refugees, transitional justice or reconciliation, ethnic/racial divisions, human trafficking, etc. Graduate standing.


PS 536Global Environmental Law and PolicyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Graduate standing or PBS status
International organizations, laws and policies addressing global environmental problems including: population growth, atmospheric pollution, climate change, use of oceans, forests and biodiversity. Relationship between environment and Third World economic development.


PS 539International Political EconomyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: Advanced Undergraduate standing, Graduate standing or PBS status
Politics of international trade and payments, with special emphasis on international and domestic determinants of protectionism, international and national political institutions, multinational corporations, debt crises, and dilemmas of economic underdevelopment.


PS 540Seminar In Comparative PoliticsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: One course in comparative politics and one course in PS methodology
This seminar opens with a survey of the problems and methods of comparative political analysis, after which students assigned a specific, limited subject to be examined within framework of a systematic, analytical scheme appropriate to topic. Specific topics drawn from subjects of political ideologies, political groups, political elites and decision-making institutions and processes.


PS 541Political IslamUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
Explores the diversity of movements, organizations, and political parties that fall within political Islam, from the extremist, violent fringe to democratically functioning groups. Begins with an overview of the interaction of religion and politics before defining political Islam and exploring major groups practicing it. The course provides a comparative perspective on Islam's interactions with the political realm, as well as a study of the role it plays in promoting or hindering democratic development.


PS 542European PoliticsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Nine hours of PS program, Graduate standing or PBS status
Analysis of political institutions and processes in selected European states and the European community and major social, economic and political issues confronting European societies.


PS 543Latin American nd Caribbean PoliticsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Advanced Undergraduate standing including 12 hours of Political Science or PBS status
Comparative political development in Latin America and the Caribbean. Emphasis on democratization and implications for US foreign policy.


PS 545Comparative Systems Of Law and JusticeUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
Legal culture and administration of justice in various countries and in the U.S. Emphasis on impact of legal ideology on nature of crime, political justice, police administration, corrections and judicial processes. Credit for both PS 445 and PS 545is not allowed


PS 571Research Methods and AnalysisUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: Advanced Undergraduate standing including 12 hours of PS program, Graduate standing or PBS status
A survey of methods used in behavioral research as applied to field of political science: elements of empirical theory, research design, measurement of variables, sampling procedures, data courses, techniques of data collection, statistical analysis, qualitative methodologies and presentation of research findings.


PS 585Constitutional and Legal Principles for Police SupervisorsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Intensive look at the constitutional underpinnings and restrictions on laws and government agency policies impacting police agencies. Specific constitutional protections relating to interrogation and search of employees, freedom of speech, freedom of religion and drug testing. Legal risks and liabilities facing police managers and how to reduce these risks.


PS 590Special TopicsUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer


PS 598Special Topics In Political ScienceUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Six hours of PS program
Detailed investigation of a topic. Topic and mode of study determined by student and a faculty member.


PS 610Special TopicsUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Six hours of PS program
Detailed investigation of a topic. Topic and mode of study determined by student and a faculty member.