MEA-Marine,Earth,& Atmosph Sci


MEA 100Earth System Science: Exploring the ConnectionsUNITS: 4 - Offered in Spring Only, Global Knowledge, Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: Competence in high school algebra and chemistry
An introduction to the processes of and linkages among major components of planet Earth. Geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, biosphere as dynamic and interdependent systems. Influence of human activity on earth systems. Optional weekend field trip.


MEA 101Geology I: PhysicalUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Natural Sciences
Corequisite: Recommended that MEA 110 be taken concurrently
Systematic consideration of processes operating on and below the earth's surface and the resulting features of landscape, earth structures, and earth materials. Occurrences and utilization of the earth's physical resources.


MEA 110Geology I LaboratoryUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Natural Sciences
Corequisite: MEA 101 or Prerequisite: MEA 100, MEA 101, MEA 120, MEA 140 or MEA 200
Scientific methodology applied to the study of common rock-forming minerals, common rocks, topographic maps, geologic structures and geological maps. Field trips.


MEA 120The Dinosaurian WorldUNITS: 3 - Natural Sciences
Evolution and ecology of dinosaurs related to broader features of Earth history, including plate tectonics, paleoclimatology, mass extinction and the long-term effects of natural selection.


MEA 121The Dinosaurian World LabUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Only, Natural Sciences
Corequisite: MEA 120
Companion to lecture course on "The Dinosaurian World." Adaptive significance of osteological characteristics, ecological correlates of body weight and physical environmental variables, and concepts relating to natural selection, fitness, biodiversity and changes in the planetary environment on various time scales. Discussion, specimen demonstrations and problem solving.


MEA 130Introduction to Weather and ClimateUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: For Non-Majors
Explores the structure, physical causes, and climatology of weather systems including the jet streams, mid-latitude cyclones, hurricanes, thunderstorms, and tornadoes. Clouds and precipitation, air pollution, climate modification, optical effects (rainbows, halos) and weather instruments. Weather systems and forecasting techniques are illustrated through daily weather map discussions.


MEA 135Introduction to Weather and Climate LaboratoryUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Natural Sciences
Corequisite: MEA 130
Experiments include effects of air pressure change on temperature and density (gas law); measurement of atmospheric moisture; formation of clouds and hail; effects of variable solar heating. Graphical display and interpretation of data; weather instruments and observations; weather map analysis; forecasting principles.


MEA 140Natural Hazards and Global ChangeUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Natural Sciences
The science of natural hazards and global change: the impact on human civilization of events in the lithosphere, atmosphere, biosphere, and hydrosphere (e.g., earthquakes, hurricanes, red tides, and floods), and the impact of humans on the global environment (e.g., global warming).


MEA 150Environmental Issues in Water ResourcesUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall Only, Natural Sciences
The science of current environmental concerns, particularly those related to water resources. Major topics include weather and climate, natural resource cycles, resource depletion and contamination, societal impacts. Scientific aspects of environmental issues. Required field trips.


MEA 200Introduction to OceanographyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Natural Sciences
Corequisite: Recommended that MEA 210 be taken concurrently.
The ocean as a part of our environment including interactions between atmosphere and ocean, ocean circulation, physical and chemical properties of sea water, marine geology and marine biology.


MEA 202Geology II: HistoricalUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: (MEA 100, MEA 101, MEA 120, MEA 140 or MEA 200 )and MEA 110; Corequisite: Recommended that MEA 211 be taken concurrently
The second semester of the basic introductory sequence in geology. Utilization of the principles of geology to reconstruct and understand the earth's history. Geologic events that cause modification of the earth's crust, emphasizing North America. History of life and the environmental significance of changes in animal and plant life through geologic time.


MEA 210Oceanography LabUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Natural Sciences
Corequisite: MEA 200
Complements the lecture course in Oceanography. Numerous demonstrations and resource materials visualize basic oceanographic concepts such as geological processes operating in the marine realm, the chemical properties of seawater, oceanic circulation, tides and waves, as well as processes affecting the biology of the oceans.


MEA 211Geology II LaboratoryUNITS: 1 - Offered in Spring Only, Natural Sciences
Corequisite: MEA 202
Reconstruction and interpretation of events in the history of the earth. Interpretation of sedimentary rocks, construction and interpretation of geological maps, identification of fossil organisms and utilization of fossils in the reconstruction of earth history.


MEA 213Introduction to Atmospheric Sciences IUNITS: 2 - Offered in Fall Only
Corequisite: MA 141
Introduction to the atmospheric environment. Fundamental concepts and applications of atmospheric physics and dynamics and how they relate to day-to-day and seasonal weather as well as climate change.


MEA 214Introduction to Atmospheric Sciences IIUNITS: 2 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: MEA 213
Second course in a series introducing the atmospheric environment. Topics include midlatitude weather systems from planetary scale to mesoscale, climate and climate change, implications and impacts of the climate change, and air pollution.


MEA (BIO) 220Marine BiologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: MEA 200 or BIO 181
Introduction to marine plants and animals, their adaptations to life in the sea and ecological interactions in selected marine environments (e.g. coral reefs, deep sea, salt marshes). Interactions of man with the sea: food from the seas, biology of diving. Optional trip.


MEA 250Introduction to Coastal EnvironmentsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: MEA 200/210 or MEA 101/110
A global survey of coastal habitats, the processes that shape these dynamic environments, and the physicochemical controls that regulate their indigenous biological communities.


MEA 251Introduction to Coastal Environments LaboratoryUNITS: 1 - Offered in Spring Only
Corequisite: MEA 250
Complements the lecture course Introduction to Coastal Environments (MEA 250). Experiments involving the physical, chemical and biological processes that shape a variety of coastal environments.


MEA 300Environmental GeologyUNITS: 4
Prerequisite: MEA 101 or MEA 150 or MEA 140 or SSC 200
Geologic aspects of the environment. Effects of humans upon or interactions with geologic processes. Geologic considerations in land use planning, waste disposal, water resources, and natural resources. A field and lab oriented course with combined lecture/laboratory. Inquiry-based learning approach to study the basic processes of environmental geology and develop research skills. Required field trips.


MEA 312Atmospheric ThermodynamicsUNITS: 4 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: MA 141, PY 205; Corequisite: MA 241, PY 208
Introduction to atmospheric thermodynamics for meteorology majors. Topics include the equation of state for mixture of gases; first and second laws of thermodynamics; diabatic and adiabatic processes for dry and moist air; measurement and phase changes of water vapor. Atmospheric statics: static stability of moist air; CAPE and vertical acceleration. Focus will be on applying the rigorous framework of classical thermodynamics to derive and solve quantitatively the governing equations describing these processes.


MEA (MA) 315Mathematics Methods in Atmospheric SciencesUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: MA 116, MA 141, MA 241; Corequisite: MA 242
For sophomore meteorology and marine science students. A complement to MA 242 designed to prepare students for quantitative atmospheric applications. Topics include an introduction to vectors and vector calculus, atmospheric waves, phase and group velocity, perturbation analysis, fourier decomposition, matrix operations, chaos and predictability. For MY, MMY, and MRM majors only.


MEA (ET) 320Fundamentals of Air PollutionUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: MA 121 or MA 131 or MA 141, CH 201, PY 131 or PY 201 or PY 205 or PY 211
Air pollution sources, and the influence of natural and anthropogenic processes on the atmosphere. Roles of local, state and federal governments in air pollution control and importance of the Clean Air Act and it amendments.


MEA 321Fundamentals of Air Quality and Climate ChangeUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: CH 101, CH 201, MA 141, MA 241; Corequisite: PY 205
An intermediate-level introduction, for meteorology majors, to the physical and chemical environment of the atmosphere and to climate change. Topics include the atmosphere's chemical composition; atmospheric chemical reaction processes in gas phase, liquid phase, and on particle surfaces


MEA 323Earth System ChemistryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: CH 201 and (CE 373 or any MEA course)
Chemistry of the earth with an emphasis on the interactions of the biosphere, geosphere and atmosphere. The origin and chemical evolution of the solar system, chemical cycles in the environment, and the impact of man on biogeochemical processes.


MEA 369Terrestrial PaleontologyUNITS: 4 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Prerequisite: BIO 181 or MEA 202 or MEA 120
Evolution of terrestrial life traced through geologic time, accenting the functional significance of adaptations and the history of terrestrial ecosystems. Required field trips.


MEA 410Introduction to Mineralogy and PetrologyUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: (MEA 100, MEA 101, MEA 120, MEA 140 or MEA 200), and MEA 110 and CH 101/102
Introduction to the fundamentals of mineralogy, optical mineralogy, and igneous and metamorphic petrology. Description and identification of minerals, using physical properties and geological associations. Optical properties of non-opaque rock-forming minerals, emphasizing petrographic thin sections. Introduction to igneous and metamorphic environments and rocks. Description and classification of common crystalline rocks. Required overnight field trips; additional expenses required.


MEA 411Marine Sediment TransportUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: MEA 101 or MEA 200, MA 241, PY 201 or PY 205
Quantitative study of sediment transport in the marine environment including an introduction to fluid mechanics and sediment transport theory. Discussion of the processes and products of sediment transport in specific marine environments from estuaries to the deep sea and interpretation of sediment transport processes from sedimentary structures. Credit not allowed for both MEA 411 and MEA 562


MEA 412Atmospheric PhysicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: MA 242, PY 208
Physical and analytical descriptions of atmospheric aerosols, clouds/fogs, and precipitation processes; size distribution and sources of atmospheric aerosols; impact of aerosols on visibility and climate; microstructure of warm and cold clouds and their interaction with solar and terrestrial radiation; collision-coalescence and ice phase mechanisms of precipitation formation; atmospheric electricity; planned and inadvertent weather modification; weather radar; atmospheric optics.


MEA 415Climate DynamicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: MEA 412 and MEA 422
A physically based treatment of climate change, climate variability, and climate models, for upper-level undergraduate meteorology majors. Topics include Earth's energy balance and the greenhouse effect, drivers of future and past climate change, and climate model projections of global warming and its implications. Cannot receive credit for both MEA 415 and MEA 515.


MEA 421Atmospheric Dynamics IUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: MA 242 and PY 208 and MEA 312
Meteorological applications of fluid kinematics: divergence, vorticity, deformation, advection, mass continuity and vertical motion. Atmospheric dynamics: the equation of motion on a rotating earth; component equations in Cartesian, polar-sphericaland pressure coordinates. Scale analysis and simplifications. Cases of horizontal flow: geostrophic and gradient wind, ageostrophy and acceleration; thermal wind and vorticity.


MEA 422Atmospheric Dynamics IIUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: MEA 421
Vorticity and potential vorticity equations; dynamics of synoptic-scale motions; quasi-geostrophic theory; atmospheric waves including shallow water, internal gravity, inertia-gravity, and Rossby waves; finite difference methods; numerical weather prediction; atmospheric instabilities including static, Kelvin-Helmholtz, inertial, symmetric, barotropic, and baroclinic instabilities.


MEA 425Introduction to Atmospheric ChemistryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Offered Every Third Semester
Prerequisite: MA 141, CH 201, (PY 205, PY 211 or MEA 320)
The course covers history, regulations, sources, physics, and chemistry of major air pollutants and factors affecting their transport and fate. Emphasis is placed on atmospheric chemistry and physics underlying five major air pollutant problems including urban outdoor air pollution, indoor air pollution, acid deposition, stratospheric ozone reduction, and global climate change. Credit will not be allowed for MEA 425 and MEA 525.


MEA 433Forensic GeologyUNITS: 4 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: MEA 101
Application of geology to crime investigation, ranging from violent crime to fraud and liability in property management. Role of a geologist as expert witness. Application of analytical techniques, e.g., petrographic microscopy, trace-element analysis, remote sensing, digital mapping, and image analysis. Tour of the SBI lab and a certified gemology lab. Identification of art fraud by pigment analysis and a corresponding tour of the NC Museum of Art.


MEA (CE) 435Engineering GeologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: MEA 101 and Junior standing in Colleges of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Engineering, Natural Resources, College of Sciences or Textiles
Application of both geology and geotechnical engineering to engineering projects. Illustrations of relevant materials properties and techniques utilized in describing subsurface conditions.


MEA 440Igneous and Metamorphic PetrologyUNITS: 4 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: MEA 410
The study of rocks formed by the crystallization of magmas (igneous) and by the recrystallization of existing rocks (metamorphic), with emphasis on whole-rock and mineral compositions, classification, petrography, hand-sample and thin-section identification, and the rock origins in terms of magma genesis and emplacement and tectonics. Field trips are required.


MEA 443Synoptic Weather Analysis and ForecastingUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: MEA 421
Analysis and forecasting of mid-latitude weather systems with emphasis on simplified models and methods. Barotropic model, Rossby waves; baroclinic structure, upper-level wave evolution, forecasting; surface cyclone evolution, Sutcliffe-Petterssen model. Numerical computation methods; numerical weather prediction and operational models, subjective and objective analysis of meteorological fields.


MEA 444Mesoscale Analysis and ForecastingUNITS: 4 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: MEA 443
Analysis and forecasting of mid-latitude weather systems with emphasis on mesoscale phenomena. Definition of the mesoscale, approximations to the governing equations, basic measurements and techniques; observations, basic governing dynamics, and forecasting of mesoscale phenomena, including drylines, low-level jets, conditional symmetric instability, crographically-induced circulations, thunderstorms, mesoscale convective, and severe convective weather.


MEA (BIO) 449Principles of Biological OceanographyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Biological productivity and trophic relationships in plankton, nekton and benthos; community ecology of selected habitats (estuaries, intertidal zones, coral reefs, deep sea); and adaptation of organisms to the marine environment. Credit is not allowed for both MEA/BIO 449 and MEA/BIO 549


MEA 450Introductory Sedimentary Petrology/StratigraphyUNITS: 4 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: MEA 410
Properties, classification, geologic occurrences, and origin of minerals and rocks formed by physical, chemical, and biologic processes at and near the earth's surface. Principles of division of stratified terrains into natural units, correlation of strata, interpretation of depositional environments and facies. Required field trips.


MEA 451Structural GeologyUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: MEA 410
Basic principles of geometric, kinematic and dynamic analysis as applied to fractures, shear zones, folds, and fabrics of deformed rock bodies. Considers both brittle and ductile realms of the crust from microscale to regional tectonics. Required overnight field trips.


MEA 454Marine Physical-Biological InteractionsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: MEA 460 and MEA/ZO 449
Space-time relationships between physics and biology; influence of Reynolds Number on aquatic life style; aspects of physical and biological mathematical modeling; influence of biology on physical phenomena; influence of static physical/chemical properties on biology; influence of dynamic physical phenomena (turbulence, waves and advection) on biology within the water column and its boundaries. Credit is not allowed for both MEA454 and 554


MEA 455MicrometeorologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: MEA 422 or MAE 308
Energy budget near the earth's surface; soil temperatures and heat transfer; air temperature, humidity, and wind distribution in the planetary boundary layer; fundamentals of viscous flows and turbulence; semiempirical theories of turbulence; exchanges of momentum, heat and moisture in the atmospheric surface layer; air modification due to changes in surface properties; agricultural and forest micrometeorology.


MEA 458Introduction to Tropical MeteorologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Prerequisite: MEA 422
Introduction to tropical meteorology using phenomenological examples. Thermodynamic structure of the mean tropical atmosphere, Hadley circulation, equatorial waves and the Madden Julian oscillation, El Nino-Southern oscillation, monsoons and tropical cyclones. Meteorology majors only. Meteorology majors only.


MEA 459Field Investigation of Coastal ProcessesUNITS: 5 - Offered in Summer
Prerequisite: MEA 250
Coastal zone processes and dynamics with emphasis on the forcing factors that regulate changing coastal landforms, the ecology and physicochemical character of coastal ocean water-masses, seabed morphologies, landscape academes, etc. Field observations and field techniques will be emphasized in tidal-freshwater coastal wetlands, estuaries, barrier island, tidal inlets, continental shelves and shelf-margin habitats. Additional feeds required.


MEA 460Principles of Physical OceanographyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: MA 241 or MA 231; Corequisite: PY 203,PY 208 or PY 212.
Introduction to principles and practices of physical oceanography. Equation of state of seawater; energy transfer to the ocean by thermal, radiative and mechanical processes; the heat budget; oceanic density distribution; oceanic boundary conditions; conservations equation; air-sea interaction; global fluxes and general description of major ocean currents. Credit is not allowed for both MEA 460 and MEA 540


MEA 461Undergraduate Cruise ExperienceUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Corequisite: MEA 200 or MEA 220
Broad exposure to planning and execution of oceanographic research operations, including demonstration of techniques and equipment regularly used aboard ships and familiarization with acquisition and processing of oceanographic data via preparation for and participation in a demonstration cruise under the guidance of NCSU oceanography faculty members.


MEA 462Observational Methods and Data Analysis in Marine PhysicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: MEA 460
Practical experience in the observational techniques used by physical oceanographers. Basic instrumentation described, emphasizing principles rather than detailed descriptions. Both direct and indirect techniques used to define the three-dimensionalcirculation of the ocean as a function of time.


MEA (PY) 463Fluid PhysicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: MA 341 and PY 208
A derivation of the basic equations governing fluid motion in a rotating coordinate system. Equations include conservation of mass or the continuity equation, momentum equations, thermodynamic energy equation and the vorticity equation. Application of equations to simplified oceanic flows which include surface gravity waves, inertial motion, geostrophic motion, Ekman dynamics and vorticity dynamics.


MEA 464Ocean Circulation SystemsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: MEA 460
Dynamical processes governing ocean circulation. Driving of ocean currents by the atmosphere, currents on a rotating spherical earth. Mid-ocean gyre, western boundary currents, equatorial current systems, and polar circulation. Currents in coastal regions and shallow-water processes.


MEA 465Geologic Field CampUNITS: 4 - Offered in Summer
Prerequisite: MEA 450 and MEA 451
Introduction to field instruments and techniques used in geological sciences. Geologic field mapping in areas ranging from undeformed sedimentary rocks to complexly deformed crystalline rocks. May include field techniques specific to engineering geology, geophysics, hydrogeology, and paleontology. Preparation of maps and reports. Four-week course taught off-campus, typically out-of-state. Additional fees required.


MEA 466Preparatory Course for Field CampUNITS: 1 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Introduction to theory, instruments, and techniques used in MEA 465 geologic field camp. Geologic context of the area where field camp will be held. Students will supply their own graph paper for a map cross-section exercise. Credit for this course cannot be used to fulfill elective credits in any Geology curricula.


MEA 467Marine MeteorologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: MEA 422 or MEA 460
Basic equation and concepts. Review of ocean and atmospheric circulations. Ocean mixed layer, air-sea interaction and coastal ocean and meteorological processes, marine boundary layer and cloud processes.


MEA 469Ecology of coastal ResourcesUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: MEA 250 and MEA 220 or MEA 449
Anthropogenic impacts on estuarine and coastal marine ecosystems. Survey of basic biological, physical, chemical and geological mechanisms underlying habitat-specific functioning, followed by discussion, in-class presentation, and critique of real and hypothetical case studies involving anthropogenic impacts.


MEA 470Introduction to GeophysicsUNITS: 3
Prerequisite: PY 208 or 212
Structure of the earth, a dynamic and evolving entity, as inferred from seismology, gravity, magnetism and heat flow. Geodynamic processes responsible for continental drift; plate tectonic theory; regional geophysics of selected areas.


MEA 471Exploration and Engineering GeophysicsUNITS: 3
Prerequisite: PY 208 or PY 211
Geophysical methods applied to exploring the earth's shallow sub-surface. Principles of gravity, magnetic, electrical, and seismic exploration surveys. Planning, conducting, and interpreting geophysical surveys.


MEA 473Principles of Chemical OceanographyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: CH 201
Chemical processes controlling the composition of oceans, including discussions of chemical equilibria, biological cycling of nutrients and use of chemical tracers in marine environment; consideration of origin and chemical history of oceans. Creditis not allowed for both MEA 473 and MEA 573


MEA 476Worldwide River and Delta Systems: Their Evolution and Human ImpactsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years, Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite:Senior undergraduate or Graduate standing
Survey of major world rivers and deltas, such as the Amazon, Mississippi, Yello, Yangtze, Mekong, Ganges-Brahmaputra, Indus, Nile, etc. Descriptions of their initiation, development, and evolution processes. Definitions of the impacts caused by climate changes and human activities. Examination of the river-ocean interactions and sedimentary and geochemical processes in terms of sea-level change, monsoon, and sediment dispersal and deposition.


MEA (CE) 479Air QualityUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: CE 373,CE 382; or CHE 311(CHE Majors); or MEA 421 (MEA Majors), Corequisite: ST 370 ; ST 380 (MEA Majors)
Introduction to: risk assessment, health effects, and regulation of air pollutants; air pollution statistics; estimation of emissions; air quality meteorology; dispersion modeling for non-reactive pollutants; chemistry and models for tropospheric ozone formation; aqueous-phase chemistry, including the "acid rain: problem; integrated assessment of air quality problems; and the fundamentals and practical aspects of commonly used air quality models. Credit is allowed only for one of CE/MEA 479 or CE/MEA 579


MEA 481Geomorphology: Earth's Dynamic SurfaceUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: (MEA 100, MEA 101, MEA 120, MEA 140 or MEA 200) and MEA 110
Landforms and the processes responsible for their origin. Emphasis on the geologic principles involved in interpreting the origin and evolution of various landforms, and discussion of North American geomorphic process.


MEA 485Introduction to HydrogeologyUNITS: 3
Prerequisite: (MEA 101 or MEA 202), (MA 131 or MA 141), CH 201, and (PY 201, PY 205, or PY 211)
Basic science of groundwater flow in geological media. Saturated and unsaturated flow, Darcy's equation, heterogeneity and anisotrophy, flownets, storage properties of geological materials, effective stress, equations for steady and unsteady flow, recharge, groundwater exchange with surface water, groundwater flow to pumping wells, estimation of hydraulic properties of aquifers, contaminant plumes and chemical transport in groundwater.


MEA 493Special Topics in MEASUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Directed individual study or experimental course offering.


MEA 495Senior Seminar in the Marine, Earth, and Atmospheric SciencesUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Only
Emphasis on student professional development. Discussions of professional opportunities, resources, and ethics. Professionals from the public and private sectors introduce students to career options in marine, earth and atmospheric sciences.. Strategies for finding jobs and graduate programs are presented. Students reflect on future career goals and plans.


MEA 498Internship in MEASUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Awards academic credit for learning that occurs during internships. Requires daily journal and written summary report. Successful completion of the course based on review of summary report by an MEAS faculty, who shall be identified by the studentprior to the internship. Transportation expenses may be incurred. MEAS majors only.


MEA 507Discipline-based Education Research in the GeosciencesUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
This course will prepare students to explain the conditions necessary for learning to occur in college geoscience classes; plan lessons that address geoscience literacy standards and incorporate activities that feature multiple levels of Bloom's taxonomy; describe how they would determine if student work meets defined learning goals; create effective geoscience learning environments for lecture and lab settings; analyze the teaching of others using validated instruments; and design a geoscience teaching and learning research project.


MEA 510Air Pollution MeteorologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: MAE 308 or MEA 455 or MEA 700
Wind structure in atmospheric surface layer and planetary boundary layer; temperature structure and stability; mixed layer and inversions; turbulence intensity and scale; meteorological factors affecting dispersion of pollutants; diffusion theories and models; diffusion and transport experiments; plume rise, fumigation and trapping; removal processes; effects of buildings and hills; effects of local winds.


MEA 511Introduction to Meteorological Remote SensingUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Meteorological remote sensing data sets used in operational forecast and research applications. Sensor physical principles. Emphasis is on understanding the strengths and weaknesses of the different types of observational data so that the student can judge adequacy of purpose for their applications.


MEA 512Satellite MeteorologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MA 241, Corequisite: MEA 443
Basic background in satellite orbits, coordinate systems and image navigation; description of sensors and techniques for quantitative measurement of atmospheric variables. Applications of satellite data in analysis of weather systems; evolution of convective systems, tropical disturbances and mid-latitude cyclones as revealed by visible and infrared imagery; current research in satellite applications.


MEA 513Radar MeteorologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: MEA 412, MEA 422, CSC 112, ST 380
Principles of radar operations and analysis. Application of radar to observing stormy and clear weather. Conventional weather radar; Doppler, polarimetric and wind profiling radars. Precipitation estimation, hydrometeor identification, air motion analysis using radar. Practical radar imagery interpretation using computer-based learning and case studies. Radar observations and analyses of thunderstorms, mesocylones, tornadoes, fronts, hurricanes, boundary layer phenomena.


MEA 514Advanced Physical MeteorologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: MEA 412, MEA 421
Fundamental laws and concepts of thermodynamics and electromagnetic radiative transfer considered in an atmospheric context. Application of these principles to a number of meteorological problems, including radiative climate models, the global energy balance, atmospheric aerosols, lidar/radar backscatter and remotely sensed temperature fields.


MEA 515Climate DynamicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: MEA 412 and MEA 422
A physically based treatment of climate change, climate variability, and climate models, for upper-level undergraduate meteorology majors. Topics include Earth's energy balance and the greenhouse effect, drivers of future and past climate change, and climate model projections of global warming and its implications. Cannot receive credit for both MEA 415 and MEA 515.


MEA 525Introduction to Atmospherice ChemistryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Every Third Semester
Prerequisite: MA 141, CH 201, (PY 205, PY 211 or MEA 320)
The course covers history, regulations, sources, physics, and chemistry of major air pollutants and factors affecting their transport and fate. Emphasis is placed on atmospheric chemistry and physics underlaying five major air pollutant problems including urban outdoor air pollution, indoor air pollution, acid depostion, stratospheric ozone reduction, and global climate change. Credit will not be allowed for MEA 425 and MEA 525.


MEA 540Principles of Physical OceanographyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: MA 231 and PY 212
Introduction to principles and practice of physical oceanography. The equation of state of seawater; energy transfer to the ocean by thermal, radiative and mechanical processes; the heat budget; oceanic boundary conditions; geographical distributionof oceanic properties; observational methods; conservation equations; simple waves and tides; physical oceanography of North Carolina coastal zone. Application of Fourier analysis techniques to interpretation of low-frequency motions in ocean and atmosphere. Review of Fourier method. Filtering of tidal signals. Spectral estimates and calculation of current ellipses. Identification of coherent motions and their empirical orthogonal modes. Data from field experiments used in lectures and homeworkassignments. Credit is not allowed for both MEA 460 and MEA 540


MEA (ZO) 549Principles of Biological OceanographyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: BIO 181
Environmental dependencies, biological productivity, and trophic relationships in plankton, nekton and benthos; Sampling methods and experimental design; Human impacts on marine systems.Credit is not allowed for both MEA 449 and MEA(ZO)549.


MEA 554Marine Physical-Biological InteractionsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: MEA 460/560 and MEA 449 or MEA(ZO) 549
Space-time relationships between physics and biology; influence of Reynolds Number on aquatic life style; aspects of physical and biological mathematical modeling; influence of biology on physical phenomena; influence of static physical/chemical properties on biology; influence of dynamic physical phenomena (turbulence, waves and advection) on biology within the water column and its boundary. Credit is not allowed for both MEA 454 and 554


MEA 562Marine Sediment TransportUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: MEA 101 or MEA 200, MA 241, PY 201 or PY 205
Quantitative study of sediment transportation in the marine environment including introduction to fluid mechanics and sediment transportation theory. Processes and products of sediment transportation in specific marine environments from estuaries todeep sea and the interpretation of sediment transport processes from sedimentary structures. Credit not allowed for both MEA 411 and MEA 562


MEA 570Geological OceanographyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
A comprehensive overview of the geological aspects of oceanography. Topics include: a) marine geophysics and the evolution of ocean basins, b) sedimentological processes and the formation of marine deposits, c) marine geochemistry and authigenic sedimentation, d) paleoceanography and the interpretation of marine stratigraphy.


MEA 573Principles of Chemical OceanographyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: CH 201
Chemical processes controlling the composition of oceans, including discussions of chemical equilibria, biological cycling of nutrients and use of chemical tracers in marine environment; consideration of origin and chemical history of oceans. Creditis not allowed for both MEA 473 and MEA 573


MEA 574Advanced Igneous PetrologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MEA 440
Physicochemical principles related to igneous petrogenesis. General principles and specific problems including origin, differentiation and emplacement of magmas and the possible relationships of igneous processes to global tectonics.


MEA 577Electron Microprobe Analysis of Geologic MaterialUNITS: 2 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: MEA 410
Theory of quantitative analysis of geologic material by electron beam application; laboratory operation of electron microprobe to acquire chemical composition and x-ray images of geologic material.


MEA 579Principles of Air Quality EngineeringUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: CE 373,CE 382; or CHE 311(CHE Majors); or MEA 421(MEA Majors), Corequisite: ST 370; ST 380(MEA Majors)
Introduction to: risk assessment, health effects, and regulation of air pollutants; air pollution statistics; estimation of emissions; air quality meteorology; dispersion modeling for non-reactive pollutants; chemistry and models for tropospheric ozone formation; aqueous-phase chemistry, including the "acid rain" problem; integrated assessment of air quality problems; and the fundamentals and practical aspects of commonly used air quality models. Credit is allowed only for one of CE/MEA 479 or CE/MEA 579


MEA 580Air Quality Modeling and ForecastingUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: CSC 112, MEA 425/525, CE 479/579
Topics include numerical solutions to ODEs/PDEs, atmospheric chemistry, cloud and aerosol microphysics, emission modeling, meteorological modeling, and model design, applications, and evaluation. It is targeted for students who would like to learn about air quality modeling and who are prospective air quality model users.


MEA (CE) 581Fluid Mechanics in Natural EnvironmentsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: CE 382 or MEA 463 or permission of instructor
Free surface flows of water and air occurring in natural fluid systems and influencing environmental transport and mixing. Review of fundamental principles of fluids, covering the scales relevant to both engineering and geo-physical applications. Topics and examples include waves, instability, stratification, turbulent boundary layers, jets and plumes, and open channel flows. Cannot receive credit for both CE 581 and MEA 581.


MEA (GIS) 582Geospatial Modeling and AnalysisUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
The course explains digital representation and analysis of geospatial phenomena and provides foundations in methods and algorithms used in GIS analysis and modeling. Special focus is on terrain modeling, geomorphometry, watershed analysis and introductory GIS-based modeling of landscape process (water, sediment). This course includes analysis from lidar data, 3D visualization, and principles of open source GIS. Introductory level knowledge of GIS or surveying/ geomatics principles is required.


MEA 585Physical HydrogeologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MEA 101, MEA 110, MA 241, and PY 201 or PY 205
Physical aspects of groundwater flow in geological media. Saturated and unsaturated flow, Darcy's equation, heterogeneity and anisotropy, storage properties of geological materials, effective stress, governing equations for steady and unsteady flow, recharge, groundwater exchange with surface water, groundwater flow to well,s estimation of hydraulic properties of aquifers.


MEA 591Special Topics in Marine ScienceUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Opportunity for advanced undergraduate and graduate students to study timely special problem areas in Marine Science and Engineering


MEA 592Special Topics in Earth SciencesUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Special topics in earth sciences, provided to groups or to individuals.


MEA 593Special Topics in Atmospheric ScienceUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Special topics in atmospheric science, provided to groups or to individuals.


MEA 599Regional Geology of North AmericaUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: MEA 101 or MEA 120, Senior standing
Field study of classic geologic localities and geomorphic processes not indigenous to North Carolina. Typical areas: New England and adjacent Canada, northern Mexico and southwestern United States and Pacific Northwest. Representative subjects include Canadian Shield, Precambrian mineral deposits, San Andreas fault, desert geomorphology, Grand Canyon stratigraphy, modern and ancient reefs and glaciated volcanoes. Mineral, rock and fossil collecting. Required student reports.


MEA 601SeminarUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
Presentation by each student of one seminar on his/her current research.


MEA 611Special Topics in Marine SciencesUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Special topics in earth sciences, provided to groups or to individuals.


MEA 612Special Topics in Earth SciencesUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Special topics in atmospheric science, provided to groups or to individuals.


MEA 613Special Topics Atmospheric SciencesUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall and Spring


MEA 615Graduate At-Sea LaboratoryUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Only
Corequisite: 500 level Oceanography Course
Specialized experience in planning and execution of oceanographic research operations, including practice with techniques and equipment regularly used aboard ships and familiarization with acquistition and processing of oceanographic data via preparations for and participation in a research cruise under the guidance of NCSU faculty members.


MEA 685Master's Supervised TeachingUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.


MEA 688Non-Thesis Masters Continuous Registration - Half Time RegistrationUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain half-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc.


MEA 689Non-Thesis Master Continuous Registration - Full Time RegistrationUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain full-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc. Students may register for this course a maximum of one semester.


MEA 690Master's ExaminationUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students in non thesis master's programs who have completed all other requirements of the degree except preparing for and taking the final master's exam.


MEA 693Master's Supervised ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.


MEA 695Master's Thesis ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's Student
Thesis Research


MEA 696Summer Thesis ResearchUNITS: 1 - Offered in Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.


MEA 699Master's Thesis PreparationUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students who have completed all credit hour requirements and full-time enrollment for the master's degree and are writing and defending their thesis. Credits Arranged


MEA 700Environmental Fluid MechanicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: MA 241, PY 208
Basic concepts and laws governing motion of atmosphere and oceans developed from first principles, including approximations valid for environmental flows, kinematics, dynamics and thermodynamics of fluid flows as well as introduction to environmental turbulence. Credit is not allowed for both MEA 463 and MEA 700


MEA 702Advanced Cloud and Precipitation PhysicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MEA 421 or MEA 412
Analysis of microstructure of warm and cold clouds and precipitation, cloud microphysics-dynamics interactions, formation of cloud droplets, growth of cloud droplets by condensation, initiation of rain in nonfreezing clouds, formation and growth of ice crystals, precipitation theories, planned and inadvertent weather modification, and the problem of acid rain.


MEA 703Atmospheric AerosolsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: CH 201 and PY 205 or 211, Corequisite: MEA 412
An understanding of aerosols as primary air pollutants, indoor versus outdoor pollution, transformation processes, prediction of atmospheric concentrations, scavenging of aerosols, transport of air pollutants on a regional scale, discussion of national experiments to characterize and study impact of urban-industrial pollution, tropospheric aerosol and weather, stratospheric aerosol, effect of aerosols on atmospheric warming and cooling and air-quality models.


MEA 705Dynamic MeteorologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: MEA 422
Brief review of classical and physical hydrodynamics; scale analysis of dynamic equations; atmospheric instabilities; dynamics of tropical convections; perturbation theory and approximations for atmospheric wave motions.


MEA 706Meterology of the BiosphereUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: PY 205 or 211; CH 201; MA 101 or 111
For graduate students in the life sciences, presenting physical principles governing the states and processes of atmosphere in contact with earth's surface of land, water and life. Exchanges of heat, mass and momentum analyzed for various conditionsof atmosphere and surface and as function of season, time and geographic location.


MEA 707Planetary Boundary LayerUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MEA 455 or MEA 721
Review of basic equations and concepts of planetary boundary layers. The closure problem and semi-empirical theories of turbulence, buoyancy effects on mean flow and turbulence, instrumentation and observational platforms for PBL experiments, observed characteristics of atmospheric boundary layers, numerical and physical modeling of PBL and its parameterization in large-scale atmospheric circulation models.


MEA 708Atmospheric TurbulenceUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MAE 550 or MEA 700 or MEA 707
Statistical description of turbulence, including probability, correlation and spectrum functions. Statistical theory of homogeneous turbulence, spectral dynamics and Kolmogorov's local similarity hypotheses. Effects of shear, thermal stratification and earth's rotation. Observed structure and scales of turbulence in PBL and free atmosphere. Higher-order closure models and large eddy simulations of atmospheric turbulence.


MEA 710Atmospheric DispersionUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MAE 550 or MEA 700 or MEA 510
Lagrangian vs. Eulerian descriptions of turbulence and diffusion. Statistical theories of absolute and relative diffusion from continuous and instantaneous releases. Effects of shear, thermal stratification and earth's rotation on atmospheric dispersion. Lagrangian similarity theories of diffusion in the surface layer and mixed layer. Random walk, Monte Carlo and large eddy simulations of atmospheric dispersion. Urban and regional dispersion models.


MEA 712Mesoscale ModelingUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MEA 705
Modeling mesoscale weather phenomena including midlatitude cyclones, mesoscale convective complexes and squall lines. Application of finite difference, spectral and implicit methods and coordinate transforms to these problems. Utilization of explicit representations of moist processes. Development of parameterizations of convective clouds, planetary boundary layer and moist processes.


MEA 713Mesoscale DynamicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MEA 700 and MEA 705
Inertia-gravity waves. Mechanical and thermally forced waves. Generation, circulation and maintenance of mesoscale convective storms and systems. Symmetric instability. Wave-CISK, quasi-geostrophic and semi-geostrophic fronts and fronto-genesis. Meso-B/Y frontogenesis. Lee and coastal cyclogenesis.


MEA 714Atmospheric ConvectionUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Prerequisite: MEA 412, MEA 700, MEA 705
Structure, physics and dynamics of convective clouds and cloud systems; fundamental equations for modeling convection; microphysical parameterization schemes; influence of instabilities on convective cloud systems; severe thunderstorms dynamics; tornadogenesis theories; mesoscale convective systems; upscale feedback effects of convection; cumulus parameterization schemes.


MEA 715Dynamics of Mesoscale Precipitation SystemUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: MEA 444
Frontogenesis theory; inertial and conditional symmetric instability; mesoscale gravity waves and wave-CISK; conveyor belts; seeder-feeder processes and precipitation generating cells; classification and dynamics of precipitation band types.


MEA 716Numerical Weather PredictionUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MEA 705, CSC (MA) 427 and some FORTRAN programming experience
Physical and mathematical basis of numerical weather prediction with computer experiments to demonstrate principles and techniques. Derivation of sets of prediction equations consistent with scale analysis and dynamical constraints; atmospheric waves and filtered equations; numerical methods and computational instabilities; filtered and primitive equation models; NWS operational models.


MEA 717Advanced Weather AnalysisUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MEA 444, MEA 705
Evolution of physical and dynamic structure of synoptic and sesoscale storm systems occurring in middle and high latitudes. Recent advances in understanding these storm systems through intensive field experiments and computer modeling. Introduction to contemporary analysis techniques through laboratory exercises shedding light on storm structure, dynamics and scale interaction.


MEA 719Climate ModelingUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MEA 705
Climate system. Fundamental equations and time scales. Atmosphere, ocean, biosphere, cryosphere, lithosphere and hydrosphere subsystems. Computational numerical methods. Physical processes; atmosphere-ocean coupling, role of radiation, clouds and land surface processes. Climate anomalies due to changes in atmospheric composition, boundary conditions and extra-terrestrial forcing. Model validation, climate change detection, past climates and future climate scenarios.


MEA 720Coastal MeteorologyUNITS: 3 - Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MEA 455
Importance and complexity of coastal meteorological processes; modification induced by surface inhomogeneities; development of internal boundary layers; thermally induced internal boundary layers; coastal fumigation processes; structure and development of sea and land breezes; analytical and numerical modeling of sea breezes; coastal fronts; storm surges; prediction models for storm surges; cold air outbreaks; baroclinic boundary layer processes near coastal areas.


MEA 721Air-Sea InteractionUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MEA 422 or MEA 560
Review of basic equations and concepts of turbulent transfer in geophysical flows, air-sea interaction processes and their importance to man's activities, theory and observation of wind-generated ocean surface waves, turbulent transfers in planetaryboundary layer of marine atmosphere, oceanic mixed layer, development of thermocline and inversion.


MEA (MAE) 725Geophysical Fluid MechanicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MAE 701
The principles of fluid mechanics applied to geophysical systems. Special emphasis placed on those features of these systems, such as almost rigid rotation and stable stratification, which produce unique and important effects. The effects of almost rigid rotations on homogeneous and stratified flows examined in detail.


MEA (MAE) 726Advanced Geophysical Fluid MechanicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MAE 725
Principles of fluid mechanics applied to geophysical systems. Special emphasis on role of stable stratification on the flows in these systems. Detailed study of generation, interaction, propagation and dissipation of internal gravity waves. Studyof other geophysically important flows.


MEA 735Fourier Analysis of Geophysical DataUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MA 341 and ST 511
Application of Fourier analysis to interpretation of low-frequency motions in ocean and atmosphere. Review of Fourier method. Filtering of tidal signals. Spectral estimates and calculation of current ellipses. Identification of coherent motions and their empirical orthogonal modes. Data from field experiments used in lectures and homework assignments.


MEA 741Synpotic Physical OceanographyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MEA 560
Basic discussion of the techniques and terminology of synoptic physical oceanography; focus on water characteristics and their relationship to currents in the individual oceans; a systematic quantitative description of the character of ocean waters and their movements.


MEA 743Ocean CirculationUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: MEA 700 or PY 411
Basic study of mechanics of ocean circulation with emphasis on various simple models of circulation systems.


MEA 744Dynamics of Shelf CirculationUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MEA 700
Description and models of dynamic processes on the shelf, including seiches and tides in gulfs, propagation of tides and storm surges, wind-induced coastal upwelling, continental shelf waves and coastally trapped waves. Steady circulation driven by winds, river plumes and density forcing, formation of shelf-break fronts; and influence from deep-ocean currents.


MEA (ZO) 750Marine Benthic EcologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: ZO 402, ZO 509 or ZO 760 or MEA(ZO) 550
Marine benthic systems in deep sea and in shallow waters, focusing upon abiotic and biotic processes regulating density, diversity and taxonomic and functional composition. Discussions of benthic-pelagic coupling, predation, interspecific competition, biogeography, sampling problems, evolutionary trends, trophic structure and community organization.


MEA 752Marine Plankton EcologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: BCH 451 and MA 121 and ZO 419
Examination of worldwide relationships between physical-chemical environment and planktonic organisms. Organism descriptions; effects of light, temperature, salinity, density, water motion and chemical constituents on organisms; interactions among different organisms emphasizing competition and predation; community structure, distribution and succession; and mathematics models of distribution, production and interaction.


MEA 754Advances In Marine Community EcologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: ZO 402 or ZO 760 or MEA(ZO) 750
Current research and biological and physical processes structuring shallow and deep water benthic communities. Recent research on competition, predation, disturbance, succession, animal-sediment-flow interactions, life history tactics and experimental design in marine benthic biology. Student discussion of current issues and critique of recent papers.


MEA 759Organic GeochemistryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Sources and fates of organic material in the geochemical environment. Microbial transformations of organic compounds. The use of biomarkers to study depositional environments. Petroleum, natural gas and coal formation. Extraterrestrial organic geochemistry.


MEA 760BiogeochemistryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Processes involved in the biogeochemical cycling of C, N, S and related biogenic elements. Stable isotopic and other geochemical signatures of biological processes. Introduction to modeling chemical distributions in sediments. The impact of biogeochemical processes on atmospheric chemistry.


MEA 762Marine GeochemistryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: CH 331, MEA 560
Detailed examination of chemical processes occurring in marine environment. Chemical evolution of the oceans, continental and submarine weathering, particle scavenging of reactive elements from water, column, formation of biogenic and metaliiferousdeposits, sediment diagenesis and marine geochronology.


MEA 763GeochemistryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: CH 331 or 431
Quantitative distribution of elements in earth's crust, hydrosphere and atmosphere. Application of laws of chemical equilibrium and resultant chemical reactions to natural earth systems. Geochemical application of Eh-pH diagrams. Geochemical cycles.Isotope geochemistry.


MEA 779Advanced Air QualityUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: CH 201 and MEA(CE) 479
Local, regional and global scale chemical interactions, transport and behavior of trace gases (sulfur carbon, nitrogen, hydrocarbon, and photo-chemical oxidants) in the atmosphere. covers three primary elements of air quality: anthropogenic and natural emissions of trace gases; interactions of the pollutants in the atmosphere; and monitoring and sampling of gaseous and particulate pollutants.


MEA 785Chemical HydrogeologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: CH 201, and MEA 585 or CE 584
Quantitative analysis of hydrological, geological, and geochemical factors controlling the transport and fate of organic and inorganic chemicals in groundwater. Acid-base, precipitation-dissolution, weathering, redox, complexation, sorption, and gas exchange reactions. Advection, diffusion, and dispersion in porous media, analytical solutions to the advection-dispersion equation. Non-aqueous-phase (organic) liquids.


MEA 788Advanced Structural GeologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MEA 451
Principles of rock mechanics and their application in solving geologic problems; finite strain analysis of deformed rocks; advanced techniques of structural analysis; petrofabrics; development of various geologic structures. Emphasis upon application of principles and techniques in the field.


MEA 789Topics In Appalachian GeologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MEA 440, 450 and 451
Examination of geology of areas within Appalachian orogenic belt. Lectures, discussions, reading and review of current literature and consideration of ideas concerning geological evolution of region. Required field trips.


MEA 790GeotectonicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MEA 440, 450, 451
In-depth examination of current ideas in plate tectonic theory. Plate tectonic controls on orogeny, orogenic belts, magmatism and metallogeny.


MEA 791Advanced Special Topics in Marine ScienceUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Opportunity for advanced undergraduate and graduate students to study timely special problem areas in Marine Science and Engineering


MEA 792Advanced Special Topics in Earth SciencesUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Special topics in earth sciences, provided to groups or to individuals.


MEA 793Advanced Special Topics in Atmospheric ScienceUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Special topics in atmospheric science, provided to groups or to individuals.


MEA 794Regional TectonicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: MEA 440, 450, 451
Methods of study of tectonic history of major geologic regions in North America and other areas of world through the application of stratigraphy, petrology and structural geology. Synthesizing regional tectonic patterns and events.


MEA 796Exploration And Engineering GeophysicsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: MEA 470 or PY 208
Geophysical methods as applies to exploring the earth's mineral and energy resources and to investigating subsurface geological structure and physical properties. Principles, measurements, analyses, and interpretations of gravity, magnetic, electric, electromagnetic, seismic methods. Required research paper.


MEA 801SeminarUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
Presentation by each student of one seminar on his/her current research.


MEA 810Special TopicsUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer


MEA 811Special Topics in Marine SciencesUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Special topics in earth sciences, provided to groups or to individuals.


MEA 812Special Topics in Earth SciencesUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Special topics in atmospheric science, provided to groups or to individuals.


MEA 813Special Topics in Atmospheric SciencesUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Special topics in earth sciences, provided to groups or to individuals.


MEA 885Doctoral Supervised TeachingUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planing for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.


MEA 893Doctoral Supervised ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.


MEA 895Doctoral Dissertation ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Dissertation Research


MEA 896Summer Dissertation ResearchUNITS: 1 - Offered in Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.


MEA 899Doctoral Dissertation PreparationUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
For students who have completed all credit hour requirements, full-time enrollment, preliminary examination, and residency requirements for the doctoral degree, and are writing and defending their dissertations.