HS - Horticulture Science


HS 200Home HorticultureUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Natural Sciences
Introduction and review of home horticulture as it relates to the horticultural enthusiast. A general understanding of plant growth, structure, and development; house plant selection and care, selecting trees, shrubs, and flowers for the home landscape, and other related topics. Note: this course was previously offered as HS 100.


HS 201The World of Horticulture: Principles and PracticesUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Natural Sciences
Principles of plant growth and development relating to production and utilization of fruit, vegetable, floricultural, and ornamental crops. Historical, economic, and global importance of horticultural crops and services.


HS 202Power of Plants: Appreciation and UseUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Power of Plants will focus on how plants are names and can be used in different horticultural situations and growing environments. Uniqueness, use, and plant descriptions of a wide range of horticultural plants will be considered including bonsai, topiary, espalier, and rain gardens. Not for horticultural science majors (SH, THG, THL).


HS 203Home Plant PropagationUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Not for Horticultural Science Majors (SH, THG, THL). Substitution of HS 203 for HS 301 are not allowed. An introduction to the basic principles of sexual and asexual plant propagation, including seeds, cuttings, layering, Grafting, and Division.


HS 204Home Landscape MaintenanceUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: HS 200 or HS 201
An understanding of the basic principles of landscape maintenance including, but not limited to, soil fertility and management, tree biology, pruning, turfgrass maintenance, plant selection, irrigation management and waterwise gardening, integrated pest management, and hardscape construction. Not for Horticultural Science majors (SH, THG, THL).


HS 205Home Food ProductionUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Home food production will play an important role in increasing the sustainability of the world's food systems for the foreseeable future. The goal of this course is to familiarize students with the scientific knowledge and tried-and-true practices needed to successfully produce food at home, even in small-scale environments such as decks and patios. On-campus students will be required to participate in two Saturday field trips to visit local home gardens. Distance educations students will be required to visit two home gardens in their area. Not for Horticultural Science Majors (SH, THG, THL).


HS (ANS) 215Agricultural GeneticsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: ZO 160 or BIO 183
Basic principles of inheritance in plants and animals of agricultural significance. Transmission genetics and its effects on the usefulness of plants and animals. Basic principles of plant and animal improvement.


HS 250Home Landscape Design: Creating Garden SpacesUNITS: 3 - Offered in Summer
Home landscape design is a 3-credit hour course for non-landscape design majors. Students will be introduced to the various issues associated with landscape design at the residential level. Through a series of Power Point lectures, on-line discussions, and small projects/exercises, students will gain an understanding of landscape graphics. Skills in design, and develop landscape plans and other forms of landscape graphics. Students will use all of their learned skills to develop a design for a given site using provided design software.


HS 252Landscape Graphic CommunicationUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Horticultural Science Majors
Visualization of the entire design process, from conception to presentation drawings. A complete graphic vocabulary (concepts, techniques, and drawing styles) will be covered, providing the designer with an effective means of communicating design ideas, to her/himself, other professionals, clients, and the public.


HS 280Hands-On-HorticultureUNITS: 3 - Offered in Summer
This course will provide students a fundamental and practical understanding of applied techniques in horticulture. Students will learn basic hardscape construction, basic wooden landscape structure construction, vegetable harvest, propagation of perennial plants, principles of irrigation installation, safe and efficient use of landscape equipment including arboriculture, and professional certification and licensing. Pesticide Licensing Fee of $75 required.


HS 290Horticulture: Careers and OpportunitiesUNITS: 1 - Offered in Spring Only
Introduction and orientation to programs in horticultural science. Discussion of current status of horticulture, extension and research. Emphasis on undergraduate program management, internships, graduate education, and career planning. Guest lectures, career opportunities and qualifications for employment in horticulture and related fields.


HS 301Plant PropagationUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall Only, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: BIO 181 or BO 200
Theoretical basis and techniques for successful asexual and sexual propagation of seed plants and ferns. Influence of heredity, phytopathological infection, and environmental conditions on success and quality of propagules. Recent developments and innovations in propagation techniques and methodologies.


HS 302Gardening with Herbaceous PerennialsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: BIO 183 or BO 200
Examination of the use of herbaceous perennials in the home garden and commercial landscapes. Topics include: general plant characteristics, culture and management, garden attributes, design usage, horticultural history, propagation, use of exotic (nonnative)species in the garden, heirloom roses and ornamental grasses.


HS 303Ornamental Plant Identification IUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: BIO 181
Identification, distribution, growth, characteristics, adaptation, and usage of ornamental plants. Emphasizes bedding plants, trees, and gymnosperms.


HS 304Ornamental Plant Identification IIUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: BIO 181
Identification, distribution, growth, characteristics, adaptation, and usage of ornamental plants. Emphasizes shrubs, ground covers, vines, bulbs, and interior landscape plants.


HS 342Landscape HorticultureUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Introduction to comprehensive process for small scale landscape projects. Includes garden history, social and environmental analysis, creative problem solving process and the practice of oral, written and graphic communication.


HS 357Site Design and Construction MaterialsUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: Landscape Horticulture (11HORTTHL) students, HS 252 and HS 342
Site design of small scale landscape design projects including: understanding two-dimensional and three-dimensional representation of landform, landform manipulation, surveying and measuring, base map development, site analysis, grading and drainageplans, small circulation systems (pedestrian and vehicular), pavement, functional role of plants, designing site structures (steps, ramps, walls, and fences), documenting and analyzing user information, and special population site requirements. Exploration of appropriate construction materials and their properties occurs concurrently with the above topics. Field trips will be required.


HS 400Residential LandscapingUNITS: 6 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: HS 211, 212, 342, LAR 430, Corequisite: LAR 457
Equips students with the necessary skills to create functional, aesthetic, and humanistic designs for residential and other small scale projects. Aspects of problem identification, project organization, design, execution, and evaluation. Required field trip with fee.


HS 401Landscape Construction StudioUNITS: 6 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: THL Majors, HS 357, 400
Small scale landscape design with a concentrated focus on detail design and construction documentation. Development of skills in designing, drawing, and building landscape features. Opportunities for hands-on experiences.


HS 411Nursery ManagementUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: BIO 181, SSC 200, Junior standing
Principles and practices of production, management, and marketing of field-grown and container-grown nursery plants. One of three scheduled weekend field trips required at students' expense.


HS 416Planting DesignUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: Landscape Horticulture (11HORTTHL) concentration, HS 400
Developing and cultivating a design process for creating meaningful and compelling ornamental planting designs through the study and practice of spatial articulation (form, enclosure, permeability), physical properties of plants (line, form, texture, color), client/site analysis and program development, visual journaling, garden narrative, presentation skills, utilizing principles of visual composition, design communication, and understanding and resolving technical and horticultural issues in contemporary planting design.


HS 421Temperate-Zone Tree Fruits: Physiology and CultureUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Prerequisite: BIO 181 or B0 200
Physiology and culture of the major temperate-zone tree fruit and nut crops of the United States. Fundamental principles underlying woody plant growth as applied to the culture of specific tree-fruit crops with emphasis on crops of commercial importance to North Carolina.


HS 422Small Fruit ProductionUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: BIO 181, SSC 200, HS 201
Importance and economic value of blackberries, blueberries, cranberries, grapes, raspberries, strawberries and minor small fruit crops in the agricultural economy of the USA and the world. Cultural requirements of these crops and manipulation of their known morphological and physiological traits for successful production. Six all afternoon field trips are required.


HS 423ViticultureUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Prerequisite: Junior standing or Senior standing
A presentation of the commercial importance, distribution, anatomy, physiology, and production of Genus Vitis (grapes) including cultivars, propagation, canopy management, diseases, weed control, physiology, anatomy, irrigation, wine production, climates and soils. This course will not require students to provide their own transportation. Non-scheduled class time for field trips or out-of-class activities IS required for this class


HS (SSC) 428Service-Learning in Urban Agriculture SystemsUNITS: 1 - Offered in Spring Only, U.S. Diversity
Prerequisite: SSC 200 or equivalent, BIO 181 or 183, and CH 101
Course provides students a hands-on experience in urban agriculture with under-served youth in the Raleigh area. Students partner with a community gardening organization to provide knowledge and experience in soil science and agriculture to youth with the goals of increasing urban food security and developing student leadership skills. Particular emphasis is places on reflecting on course activities and deepening of skills related to extension, outreach, and working with diverse populations. Course designed to be taken as a companion course to SSC 427, however can be taken as a stand-alone course.


HS 431Vegetable ProductionUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: BIO 181, SSC 200
Principles and practices of production and marketing of seventeen vegetable crops grown in the U.S. Additional topics include pest management, seed technology, food safety, sustainable agriculture, use of genetically engineered crops, and consumer issues.


HS 432Permaculture: Sustainable LivingUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Permaculture means "permanent culture," (or "permanent agriculture") and ..."is the conscious design and maintenance of cultivated ecosystems that have the diversity, stability, and resilience of a natural ecosystem." (Bill Mollison) This course will explore, through lectures, discussions, field trips, and required projects, a design/thinking methodology that seeks to provide for our physical needs, food, water, shelter, energy, etc., while doing so in an environmentally friendly, sustainable manner. The Saturday field trips and the weekend mountain trip are all optional.


HS 440Greenhouse ManagementUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: SSC 200 and HS 201
Perspective of greenhouse systems management. Selection of greenhouse site, construction, heating, cooling and production systems. Emphasis on greenhouse operations, cost accounting and analysis. Other topics; root substrates, sanitation, water, fertilization, chemical growth regulation, temperature, light and marketing. Hands-on experience in greenhouse operations plus trips to commercial greenhouses and markets.


HS 442Floriculture Crop ProductionUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: SSC 200, HS 201
Production of floricultural crops. Emphasis on environmental manipulation and scheduling of crop growth and development for targeted market periods. Specific flowering crops as models to demonstrate potted flowering plant, cut flower, and bedding plant production systems. Hands-on crop production experience plus field trips to commercial floriculture production and marketing facilities.


HS 451Plant NutritionUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: SSC 200
An understanding of the basic mineral nutrient requirements, nutritional monitoring procedures, and fertilizer application methods in horticultural production systems including those for fruits, field vegetables, fruits and vegetables under plasticulture, nursery crops, landscapes, greenhouse flowers and vegetables, interior plantscapes, hydroponics, and organic farming.


HS (FS) 462Postharvest PhysiologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: PB 421
Preharvest and postharvest factors that affect market quality of horticultural commodities with an emphasis on technologies to preserve postharvest quality and extend storage life of fruits, vegetables and ornamentals.


HS 471Tree and Grounds MaintenanceUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: SSC 200
Principles and practices of tree and grounds maintenance. Physical (water) and chemical (fertility) properties of urban soils. Tree and shrubbery: physiology, selection, transplanting, pruning, fertilization, and protection. Weed biology and nonchemical and chemical management options.


HS 492Horticulture InternshipUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing
A learning experience in agriculture and life sciences within an academic framework that utilizes facilities and resources which are external to the campus. Contact and arrangements with prospective employers must be initiated by student and approved by a faculty adviser, the prospective employer, the departmental teaching coordinator and the academic dean prior to the experience.


HS 493Independent Study in Horticultural ScienceUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing
A learning experience in agriculture and life sciences within an academic framework that utilizes campus facilities and resources. Contact and arrangements with prospective employers must be initiated by student and approved by a faculty adviser, the prospective employer, the departmental teaching coordinator and the academic dean prior to the experience.


HS 495Experimental Courses in Horticultural ScienceUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Independent study under faculty supervision of horticultural topics in the student's area of interest not available in regular course offerings. Offering of new courses on a trial basis.


HS (CS) (PP) 502Plant Disease: Methods & DiagnosisUNITS: 2 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: PP 315
Introduction to the basic principles of disease causality in plants and the methodology for the study and diagnosis of plant diseases caused by fungi. Identification of plant-pathogenic fungi. Research project, disease profiles and field trips arerequired.


HS 523ViticultureUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Prerequisite: BS Horticulture/Plant Science or permission from the instructor
A presentation of the commercial importance, distribution, anatomy, physiology, and production of Genus Vitis (grapes) including cultivars, propagation, canopy management, diseases, weed control, physiology, anatomy, irrigation, wine production, climates and soils. This course will not require students to provide their own transportation. Non-scheduled class time for field trips or out-of-class activities is required for this class. One Saturday field-trip will be scheduled. Students may not receive credit for both HS 423 and HS 523.


HS 532Introduction to PermacultureUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Permaculture means "permanent culture," and ..."is the conscious design and maintenance of cultivated ecosystems that have the diversity, stability, and resilience of a natural ecosystem." (Bill Mollison) This course will explore a design/thinking methodology that seeks to provide our essential physical needs in an environmentally friendly, sustainable manner. The field trips in the "live" courses are optional and will be held on Saturdays. This course is restricted to upper level undergraduate, graduate, or matriculated continuing education students. STUDENTS MAY NOT RECEIVE CREDIT FOR BOTH HS 432 AND HS 532.


HS (CS) 541Plant Breeding MethodsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: ST 511, Corequisite: ST 512
Overview of plant breeding methods for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students. Covers principles and concepts of inheritance, germplasm resources, pollen control, measurement of genetic variances, and heterosis. Special topics include heritability, genotype-environment interaction, disease resistance, and polyploidy. In-depth coverage on methods for breeding cross-pollinated and self-pollinated crops. Prepares students for advanced plant breeding courses.


HS 543Food Production in Greenhouses and High TunnelsUNITS: 3
Prerequisite: HS 431, HS 440 and HS 451
Several food crops and technologies are discussed, but the focus is hydroponic production of greenhouse tomatoes and soil production of tomatoes and cool-season crops in high tunnels. Pest management emphasizes biocontrol, IPM and reduced risk pesticides. Climate control is discussed mainly as it contributes to environmental stress and physiological disorders. Students are introduced to current research as well as specialized topics such as organic production, aquaponics and grafting. A multi-day field trip is required unless special arrangements are made. Undergraduates required to have Senior status and 3.0 GPA in major.


HS 550Environmental Nursery ProductionUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Prerequisite: HS 411, Nursery Management, or an equivalent course.
The course focuses on the impacts of the nursery industry on the environment and environmentally sound nursery practices. Exploration of the major challenges facing the nursery industry that drive decision making during production. Evaluation of past and current research addressing these challenges and sampling procedures and interpretation will be learned. Graduate status and an undergraduate nursery production or management course or working knowledge of nursery production required.


HS (FS) 562Postharvest PhysiologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Pre- and post-harvest factors that affect market quality of horticultural commodities with an emphasis on technologies to preserve quality and extend storage life of crops.


HS 583Advanced Floral Crop Production and HandlingUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Principles and commercial practices for producing floral potted crops and cut flowers emphasizing the physical responses of plants to their environment and post-harvest physiology. Lab will be conducted at the student's home location and students will document plant growth with photos or video. Some live plants will be mailed to the student; however, the student will be required to purchase some plants (e.g. African violet). Course is restricted to graduates students only.


HS 590Special Problems in Horticultural ScienceUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer


HS 601Professional Presentation Skills in Horticultural ScienceUNITS: 2 - Offered in Fall Only
The purpose of this course is to familiarize the students with the professional presentation skills they need to be successful. These skills include speaking, writing, poster and website development, based on the student's proposed research/project and literature review.


HS 610Special Topics in Horticultural ScienceUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Investigation of special theoretical problems at 600 level in horticultural science not related to a thesis problem; new 600-level courses during developmental phase.


HS 615Advanced Special TopicsUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Investigation of theoretical problems at the 600 level in horticultural science not related to a thesis problem; new 600-level courses during the development phase.


HS 685Master's Supervised TeachingUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.


HS 688Non-Thesis Masters Continuous Registration - Half Time RegistrationUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain half-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc.


HS 689Non-Thesis Master Continuous Registration - Full Time RegistrationUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain full-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc. Students may register for this course a maximum of one semester.


HS 690Master's ExaminationUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students in non thesis master's programs who have completed all other requirements of the degree except preparing for and taking the final master's exam.


HS 693Master's Supervised ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.


HS 695Master's Thesis ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Thesis research.


HS 696Summer Thesis ResearchUNITS: 1 - Offered in Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.


HS 699Master's Thesis PreparationUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Original research on specific problems in fruit, vegetable and ornamental crops.


HS 701Plant MetabolismUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: CH 223 and PB 421
A brief introduction to various aspects of metabolism in plants including the basic biochemical processes including the syntheses, utilization and roles of amino acids, lipids, carbohydrates and secondary metabolites in plant growth, development and response to the environment. This course is taught as a 5-week mini course..


HS 702Biology of Plant HormonesUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: BO 421, (GN 411 or BCH 451)
Recent developments and current literature on the physiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, and practical applications of the primary plant hormones. The biosynthesis, signal transduction pathways, and biological functions of specific plant hormones will be examined. Taught as a five-week minicourse.


HS 703Breeding Asexually Propagated CropsUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: CS 413
Principles and problems associated with breeding clonally propagated crops and techniques used in overcoming these problems. Taught third five weeks of semester. Drop date is by last day of 3rd week of minicourse.


HS 704Plant NomenclatureUNITS: 1 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: PB 421
A practical foundation in plant nomenclature and nomenclatural references. Emphasis on the evolution of international rules for naming plant taxa and their application in both wild and cultivated plants. Nomenclature applications used in patents, cultivar releases and journal articles. Taught mid-semester. Taught five weeks of semester.


HS 705Physiology Of FloweringUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: PB 421
Examination of physiological basis of flowering in plants such as: floral initiation, transition to reproductive growth; floral development; plant response to light, temperature, nutrition, water supply; plant age; chemical growth regulation and in vitro flowering. Taught first five weeks of fall semester. Drop date is by last day of 3rd week of minicourse.


HS 706Fruit Development and Postharvest PhysiologyUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: PB 421
Theories of plant senescence, both physiological and biochemical, and postharvest changes in all types of plant parts. Emphasis on physiological principles underlying current postharvest handling and storage techniques. A study of fruit development from fruit set to senescence. Taught third five weeks of semester. Drop date is by last day of 3rd week of minicourse.


HS 707Environmental Stress PhysiologyUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Prerequisite: PB 421
Physiology of plant responses to environmental stresses, with emphasis on current research in selected physiological, molecular, and biochemical mechanisms for tolerance to environmental stresses such as temperature extremes, drought, salt, pathogens and other plants.


HS (CS) 717Weed Management SystemsUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: CS 414
Weed management systems including integration of cultural, biological, mechanical and chemical methods for vegetables, fruits, ornamentals, turf, small grains, corn, tobacco, cotton, peanuts, aquatic and non-cropland settings. Taught second 5 weeksof semester. Drop date is by last day of 3rd week of minicourse.


HS (CS) (GN) 720Molecular Biology In Plant BreedingUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: CS(GN,HS) 741
Theory and principles of molecular biology applied to plant breeding. Experimental approaches to induce genetic change, cytoplasmic recombination, haploid utilization and potentials of molecular techniques for solving breeding problems.


HS (CS) (SSC) (TOX) 725Pesticide ChemistryUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: CH 201 and 221
Chemical properties of pesticides including hydration and solvation, ionization, volatilization, lipophilicity, molecular structure and size, and reactivity and classification according to chemical description, mode of action or ionizability. Taughtduring the first 5 weeks of semester. Drop date is last day of 3rd week of the minicourse.


HS (CS) (SSC) (TOX) 727Pesticide Behavior and Fate In the EnvironmentUNITS: 2 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: CS(HS,SSC,TOX)725,SSC 200
Sorption/desorption, soil reactivity, movement, volatilization, bioavailability, degradation and stability of pesticides in the environment. Taught during the last 10 weeks of semester. Drop date is last day of 3rd week of the minicourse.


HS (CS) 729Herbicide Behavior In PlantsUNITS: 2 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: BO 751 and BO 752 and CS(HS,SSC) 725
Chemical, physiological and biochemical actions of herbicides in plants including uptake, translocation, metabolism and mechanism of action.


HS (CS) (GN) 745Quantitative Genetics In Plant BreedingUNITS: 1 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: CS(GN, HS) 741, ST 512, course in quantitative genetics recommended
Theory and principles of plant quantitative genetics. Experimental approaches of relationships between type and source of genetic variability, concepts of inbreeding, estimations of genetic variance and selection theory.


HS (CS) (GN) 746Breeding MethodsUNITS: 2 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: CS (GN, HS) 741, ST 512
Theory and principles of plant breeding methodology including population improvement, selection procedures, genotypic evaluation, cultivar development and breeding strategies.


HS 790Special Problems in Horticultural ScienceUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer


HS 815Advanced Special TopicsUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Investigation of theoretical problems at 600 level in horticultural science not related to a thesis problem; new 600-level courses during development phase.


HS (CS) (GN) 860Plant Breeding LaboratoryUNITS: 1 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: CS(GN,HS)741
Visitation of plant breeding projects in the Depts. of CS and HS at NC State, along with commercial seed companies. Discussion and viewing of breeding objectives, methods and equipment and teaching and practice of hybridization methods.


HS (CS) (GN) 861Plant Breeding LaboratoryUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: CS(GN,HS)741
Visitation of plant breeding projects in the Depts. of CS and HS at NC State, along with commercial seed companies. Discussion and viewing of breeding objectives, methods and equipment and teaching and practice of hybridization methods.


HS 885Doctoral Supervised TeachingUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.


HS 890Doctoral Preliminary ExaminationUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
For students who are preparing for and taking written and/or oral preliminary exams.


HS 893Doctoral Supervised ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.


HS 895Doctoral Dissertation ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
Dissertation Research


HS 896Summer Dissertation ResearchUNITS: 1 - Offered in Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.


HS 899Doctoral Dissertation PreparationUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
For students who have completed all credit hour requirements, full-time enrollment, preliminary examination, and residency requirements for the doctoral degree, and are writing and defending their dissertations.