HI - History


HI 205Western Civilization Since 1400UNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Humanities
A survey of Western Civilization from the Renaissance to the present.


HI 207Ancient World to 180 A.DUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Global Knowledge, Humanities
The ancient cultures of the Middle East, Greece and Rome, including Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Hebrew, Phoenician, Greek and Roman societies and cultures.


HI 208The Middle AgesUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Global Knowledge, Humanities
Medieval civilization as it emerged from the declining Roman Empire through its apogee in the 13th century. The transition from the classical to the medieval world, the impact of the Germanic influx, the Islamic influence, the Crusades, and the political, economic, and social institutions of the High Middle Ages.


HI 209From Renaissance to Revolution: The Origins of Modern EuropeUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Global Knowledge, Humanities
Exploration of the political, economic, social, and cultural history of Western Europe during an intense and exciting period of transition from a medieval to a modern world. Topics to be discussed include Renaissance art and philosophy; the printing revolution and the French Revolution; climate change and economic dislocation; witchcraze; religious reforms and religious wars; commercialization; navigation; empire; slavery; the new science; and new ideas about democracy, equality, and modernity.


HI 210Modern Europe 1815-PresentUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Global Knowledge, Humanities
Survey of the history of European societies and political systems from 1815 to the present.


HI 215Latin America to 1826UNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Global Knowledge, Humanities
Exploration of the pre-Hispanic indigenous roots and the colonial period in Latin America. Major themes include the origins and development of social, political, economic and religious institutions from pre-conquest times to the achievement of independence. Topics include ancient American cultures, conquest and settlement by Spain and Portugal, colonial rule in theory and practice, religious life and structures, the colonial economy and labor, and independence movements.


HI 216Latin America Since 1826UNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Global Knowledge, Humanities
Analysis of the last two centuries of social, political, economic, and intellectual life in Latin America and the Caribbean. Course readings include primary sources, declassified CIA documents, and Latin American literature. Course themes include social and political conflicts, changing gender relations, human rights abuses, the effect of the US and global economic forces, and the impact of the growing Latino population in the US.


HI 221British History to 1688UNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Humanities
History of the British peoples from earliest times to the Glorious Revolution. Social, political, constitutional developments; relationship between history and literature; synthesis of British cultures.


HI 222History of British Cultures and Societies From 1688UNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities
British people from Glorious Revolution to the present. Social, political, constitutional development; history and literature; growth and decline of British empire; spread of British culture.


HI 232The World from 1200 to 1750UNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Global Knowledge, Humanities
The making of the modern world through interregional conquest and commerce from 1200 to 1750. Focus on the growing global circulation of peoples, pathogens, goods, and ideas.


HI 233The World Since 1750UNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Global Knowledge, Humanities
This course surveys the making of the world from 1750 to the present. Topics include: the Industrial Revolution, the development of the Nation-States, the rise of European, American and Japanese Empires, WWI, inter-war reconfigurations of colonial empires, anti-colonial nationalist movements, the Great Depression, the Cold War, struggles for political and economic independence among newly independent nations, the US-dominated neo-liberal order from the 1980s to the present, and contemporary global conflicts over ethnicity, religion, resources, disease, and the environment.


HI (HA) 240Introduction to Visual CultureUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities, Interdisciplinary Perspectives
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing
Introduction to the role of visual cultural production in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries in expressing and shaping both individual and collective identities. Case studies of imperialism, gender, and war draw from different regional histories and utilize a variety of visual genres - such as photography, popular posters, painting, advertising, and film stills - to study how visual culture can be used as evidence to understand the past, using the approaches of the disciplines of History and Art History.


HI 251Early American HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Humanities
Themes in early American history: colonial clash and mix of culture; generation of an American consciousness; federalism and democracy in national politics; expansion and immigration; racial and sectional division.


HI 252Modern American HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Humanities
Themes in modern American history: impact of war on American foreign and domestic policy; the repercussions of industrialization and economic modernization; continuity and change in American institutions and values; problem solving in pluralistic society.


HI 263Asian Civilizations to 1800UNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities
The history of China, India, Japan, and Southeast Asia from 500 to 1800. The making of the Asian region through the rise and fall of five great empires: the Tang, the Mongol, the Mughal, the Qing, and the British empires.


HI 264Modern Asia: 1800 to PresentUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities
Introductory survey of 19th and 20th century Asia, with attention to Japan, Southeast Asia, India and China. Emphasis on cultural and political crises of the 19th century and revolutionary transformations of the 20th century.


HI 270Modern Middle EastUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities
Social and political change in the Middle East in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Decline of the Ottoman empire, the rise of nationalism, the waxing and waning of European imperialism in the region, and the creation of modern states and societies and their ideological and economic underpinnings.


HI (AFS) 275Introduction to History of South and East AfricaUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Global Knowledge, Humanities
The African kingdoms (Lunda, Buganda, and Zulu); the European encroachment; the origins of colonialism and the character of colonial societies and economies, South African apartheid; African protest, nationalism and independence.


HI (AFS) 276Introduction to History of West AfricaUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Global Knowledge, Humanities
The history of Western Africa. Forest civilizations and the slave trade, trade and the expansion of Islam, colonialism in West Africa; African nationalism and the achievement of independence; and postcolonial West Africa.


HI 298Special Topics in HistoryUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Presentation of material normally not available in regular history course offerings, or offering of new introductory courses on a trial basis. Students cannot receive credit for multiple sections of HI 298 unless the topics are different.


HI 300Sophomore Seminar in HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing, History Majors
Introduction to the process of researching and writing history. Techniques for locating and interpreting primary sources. The craft of historical writing. Analysis and criticism of the varieties of history. Basic computer literacy: basic computingterms, electronic mail, online searching of the NCSU Libraries, use of the Internet, and word processing.


HI 307Jewish HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing
Survey of major topics in the history of the Jews, focusing on the development of Jewish life on the European continent but also covering the patterns of migration that created a global diaspora as well as the forces that formed modern Israel.


HI (REL) 320Religion in American HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Humanities, U.S. Diversity
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing
Representative people, movements and thought in the major religions within the context of American society and culture.


HI 321Ancient and Medieval ScienceUNITS: 3 - Interdisciplinary Perspectives
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing
Selected topics in the history of pre-modern science are studied for both their intrinsic interest and to gain perspective on the nature of modern science. Examples are taken from pre-history, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Rome, Islam, and the medieval Christian West, with the possibility of comparisons to other cultures.


HI 322Rise of Modern ScienceUNITS: 3 - Interdisciplinary Perspectives
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing
Analysis of how "modern" science developed in Europe since the 1500s, exploring the foundation of the ideas, scientific practices, institutions, and cultural meaning and power of science in modern society. Examples taken from the creation of the mechanistic worldview and Newtonian science, and the development of modern disciplines such as chemistry, geology, biology, and physics.


HI 324History of Common Law and ConstitutionUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered in Spring Only
Survey of the development of common law and constitution from the earliest Roman and Anglo-Saxon beginnings to the era of the French and American Revolutions. The focus will be on the European social, political and intellectual contexts within which Anglo-American law emerged, and the foundations of legal and constitutional principles. Topics include the origins of courts and the judiciary; the evolution of jury trial and the early history of the law of evidence; conflicts and compromised between secular and ecclesiastical law; rights and limits to property ownership at common law; and problems regarding the legal status of women, children, servants and slaves.


HI 332Germany and the World WarsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Prerequisite:3 hrs of History or Sophomore Standing
Germany's rise as a world power in the years prior to World War i, the emergence of Adolf Hitler and national socialism, and the consequences in defeat of World War II. Topics include nationalism, industrialism and the struggle of workers, imperialism, religious minorities and racial theories, sexual revolution, democratization, international relations and war, postwar occupation and reconstruction, and popular culture in music and film.


HI 335The World at WarUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
Comparative history of the experience of war over time and place. Topics include the interactions between war and society; effects on combatants and non-combatants, especially women and children; and the role of technology.


HI 338Empire, War, and Revolution in RussiaUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing
Survey of Russian history since the advent of modern reform following the 1861 Serf Emancipation. The course treats the failure of an increasingly outdated monarchy to cope with the rise of an influential urban educated class, and industrial work force, and Populist and Marxist revolutionary movements. The course traces the degeneration of the 1917 socialist revolution into a hardened dictatorship which, forced by conditions outside its control, waged a destructive but victorious war, saving Europe from Nazism. It treats the 1991 Soviet collapse and the challenges and failures of the post-Stalin and post-Soviet periods.


HI 341Technology in HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Interdisciplinary Perspectives
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing
The role of technology in society from earliest times to the present. Major achievements in technology and an examination of the nature of invention, innovation and adaptation of technologies and their impact on Western Civilization.


HI 346Introduction to Civil War and ReconstructionUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Humanities, U.S. Diversity
Survey of the causes, trajectories, and consequences of the American Civil War and the social, political, and economic struggles of Reconstruction with an emphasis on divisions by region as well as race, class, and gender.


HI 350American Military HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing
American military experience and its relationship to other historical developments. Use of military force in terms of strategy and tactics and as an element in the nation's diplomatic, political, social, economic and intellectual life.


HI 351U.S. Naval HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing
The role of the U.S. Navy in American history. Sea power, national defense and foreign policy. The impact of technology on naval warfare and the historical evolution of missions of the U.S. Navy.


HI 364History of North CarolinaUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing
History of North Carolina from early European exploration to the present. Features of North Carolina society which made this state similar to and different from other southern states and the nation as a whole.


HI 365The American WestUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing
A history of the American Frontier with emphasis on the trans-Mississippi West. Cycles of exploration, conquest, and exploitation of this region. Influence of the frontier in the development of the United States.


HI 366Native American HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Humanities, U.S. Diversity
An introductory interpretation of the varied historical experiences of many nations native to North America from the first migrations of peoples into the continent until the present, including the variety and diversity of Indian cultures and experiences; native resistance to colonialism, expansion, and U.S. federal policies; and the survival and continuity of native cultures and peoples through more than four centuries of contact, conquest, and change.


HI 370Modern EgyptUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring and Summer, Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing
Exploration of the political, socio-economic, and cultural history of Egypt from the end of the 18th century (the 1798 exploration led by Bonaparte) to the present day; including the late Ottoman period (1798-1805), the birth of the modern state (1805-1922), Egypt's liberal experiment (1922 - 1952), the Nasser era (1952-1970), the neo-liberal age (since 1970), and concluding with the January 25th Revolution. The investigation follows two main threads: the conflictual relationships that developed over the past two centuries between the state and society in all its diversity, and the continuous struggle over the definition of the Egyptian nation that these conflicts have generated.


HI 371Modern Japan, 1850 to PresentUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing
Survey of Japan's emergence as a modern nation and world power. Topics include nation-state formation; modernization and its dislocations; democratization and authoritarianism; imperialism, international politics, and war; postwar reforms; changing gender relations; popular culture; and social problems.


HI (AFS) 372African-American History Through the Civil War, 1619-1865UNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Humanities, U.S. Diversity
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing
African background and continuity of the particular role, experience and influence of African Americans in the United States through the Civil War.


HI (AFS) 373African-American History Since 1865UNITS: 3 - Humanities, U.S. Diversity
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing
The history of African-Americans from the Reconstruction era through the Civil Rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s to the present.


HI 374Visual Culture of Modern South AsiaUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Art Studies or Sophomore Standing
History of visual-cultural production in expressing and shaping socio-political configurations in the South Asian subcontinent. Treats visual evidence over 300 years to understand the integrative relationship and flow of cultural production across elite patronage and popular values through common themes and stories. Changing state formations and power relationships-- from the Mughal empire and its successor states through British imperial control and after independence-- are studied as contexts for the visual culture that emerges and changes across these time periods. Knowledge gained from HI 263 [Asian Civilizations to 1800] or HI 264 [Modern Asia] is helpful but not required.


HI 380History of Nonprofits, Philanthropy, and Social ChangeUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing
This course explores the historical development of nonprofits and philanthropy in the United States from the colonial period to the present: the origins of charity and philanthropy as concepts for social change and social justice, the rise of benevolent societies in the nineteenth century, the creation of philanthropic foundations and advocacy organizations in the twentieth century, and the construction of complex relationships between modern nonprofits, the state, and the private sector.


HI 381NGO Nonprofits in a Global ContextUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities
Requisite: Sophomore Standing or Above
Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) are a crucial component and a revealing characteristic of the strength and effectiveness of a country's civil society. Examining their histories outside of the U.S. gives us a window into global culture, values, and modes of everyday life, and into notions about "charity" and "public good" in a given society. We will use India as a case study to develop a set of questions about how NGOs function in different societies, examining how researchers and activists partner with NGOs in different parts of the world to address pressing environmental, economic, social, and cultural-production issues.


HI 395History: Study AbroadUNITS: 1-3
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing
Topical History courses taught in NCSU Study Abroad programs. (Current listings available in Study Abroad Office, CHASS Dean's Office and History Department).


HI 400Civilization of the Ancient Near EastUNITS: 3 - Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
The civilization of Mesopotamia and Egypt from earliest times to the fall of Babylon in 539 B.C. Credit for both HI 400 and HI 500 is not allowed


HI (REL) 402Early Christianity to the Time of EusebiusUNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Humanities
Prerequisite: One of: REL 312, REL 317, or HI 207
Growth and diffusion of early Christianity from the end of the first century up to the time of Eusebius and the conversion of Constantine (early fourth century); Christianity in its Greco-Roman environment; Roman policy towards Christianity; heterodox Christian movements; anti-heretical writings; orthodox institutions of authority.


HI 403Ancient Greek CivilizationUNITS: 3 - Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
The history of the Hellenes from the Minoan civilization through Alexander's legacy, with readings in Herodotus and Thucydides.


HI 404Rome to 337 A.D.UNITS: 3 - Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
The development of ancient Rome from its origins in Italy, through the rise as an Empire embracing the entire Mediterranean World and Western Europe, to Constantine, Christianity and the foundation of Constantinople. Examines critically the political achievement of a people who rose from an obscure Italian city to a world empire, with emphasis on the analysis of primary sources. Credit will not be given for both HI 404 and HI 504


HI 405History and Archaeology of the Roman EmpireUNITS: 3 - Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Analysis of Rome's rule over the Mediterranean World in the first four centuries A.D. through the use of literary and archaelologic sources. Special emphasis on imperial army and frontier security. Credit will not be given for both H1 405 and H1 505


HI 406From Roman Empire to Middle AgesUNITS: 3 - Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages. The transition from classical civilization to the basis of modern civilizations; the fall of Rome, the Germanic kingdoms, Byzantium, the establishment of Christianity, the birth and growth of Islam. Credit will not be given for both HI 406 and HI 506


HI (REL) 407Islamic History to 1798UNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Credit will not be given for both HI 407 and HI 507. The history of the Islamic Near East to 1798. Topics include the East Mediterranean before Islam, Muhammad and the development of Islam, sources of Muslim civilization, Islamic law, science, philosophy, art and architecture, Islam in Spain, India, Asia and Africa, the Crusades, the Ottomans, Islam and Europe.


HI (REL) 408Islam in the Modern WorldUNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Religious Studies
Evolution of modern Islam from 17th century to the present. Primary emphasis on North Africa, the Middle East and South Asia. Pre-modern Islamicate empires, reform and revival. Historical origins of current issues in the Islamic world.


HI 409The High Middle AgesUNITS: 3 - Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Medieval culture from 10th through 13th centuries: revival of the Roman Empire, monastic and papal reform, rise of universities, evolution of representative bodies, the Gothic style, troubadour and goliardic poetry, scholasticism, and revival of Roman law. Credit will not be given for both HI 409 and HI 509


HI 410Italian RenaissanceUNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Renaissance humanism, an educational ideal and an awareness of man as the sole creator in the historical world, is examined in its relationship to the Italian republics and princedoms of the 14th through the 16th century. Credit will not be given for both HI 410 and HI 510


HI 411Trials of Faith: Religious Reformation in Early-Modern EuropeUNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Examination of the great disruption in European civilization associated with the Protestant and Catholic Reformations. The course considers the new religious ideas and practices associated with the Reformations and transformation they produced in European political and economic life; the violence they provoked; the new thinking about families and gender roles they encouraged, the spread of European religions around the globe with European voyages of discovery and conquest, and the beginning of ideas about religious toleration. Credit will not be given for both HI 411 and HI 511.


HI 412The Sexes and Society in Early-Modern EuropeUNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Examination of changes in gender relations; ideas about the sexes, femininity, and masculinity; the roles of women and men in political, religious, economic, scientific, and family life in Europe between the late Middle Ages and the French Revolution. Credit for HI 412 and HI 512 is not allowed.


HI 414From Kings to Revolution: The History of Early-Modern FranceUNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Examination of the most politically powerful and culturally dominant kingdom in early-modern Europe, which dissolved into a revolution that destroyed its monarchy while establishing ideas about democracy and equality. From the glories of the Versailles palace to the misery of peasant villages, topics include the beginnings of the French state and nation in the warfare and religious conflicts of 1500s, political and economic developments, the growth of an internationally influential French culture, religious change, controversies over gender roles, and the origins of the French Revolution. Credit will not be given for both HI 414 and HI 514.


HI 415The French RevolutionUNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Broadly based analysis of France's first revolutionary era; the enlightenment and its impact, the causes and character of the Revolution in France; impact of these events in France and Europe. Credit will not be given for both HI 415 and HI 515


HI 418Fascist Italy and Nazi GermanyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Fascism as a theoretical concept, rise of fascism in Italy and Germany, seizure of power by Mussolini and Hitler, organization of the economy, churches, military, women, youth, and culture under the dictatorships. Students will not receive credit for both HI 418 and HI 518


HI 419Modern European ImperialismUNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Historical background of European overseas expansion; its impact on the economics, politics and culture of both Europe and the colonized world; the significance of imperialism and anti-colonial nationalism in shaping the modern world. Credit will not be given for both HI 419 and HI 519


HI 420European Diplomatic HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring and Summer, Global Knowledge, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
Survey of major events in European international relations, including the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the unification of Germany, World War I and II, the origins of the Cold War, European unification, and the crisis of the Soviet bloc. Credit will not be given both for HI 420 and HI 520


HI 421European Intellectual History: The Eighteenth CenturyUNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Historical examination of some of the major figures of the European Enlightenment, beginning with Locke and ending with Kant. Credit will not be given for both HI 421 and HI 521


HI 422European Intellectual History: The 19th CenturyUNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Historical examination of some of the major figures of European thought during the 19th century, beginning with the enthusiasm of the period of the French Revolution and ending with the disillusionment of the fin de siecle. Credit will not be given for both HI 422 and HI 522


HI 423Women in European EnlightenmentUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Historical analysis of feminist thought and action during the Enlightenment of the 1700s. Topics include women's role in the development of Western knowledge and science, historical construction of the gendered "nature" of women, education and political resources available to women, and their strategies for emancipation. Credit will not be given for both HI 423 and HI 523.


HI 425Tudor and Stuart EnglandUNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
British history from the Reformation through the Civil War. Emphasis on key developments in social, political and economic life: The development of a new concept of kingship, the growing independence of Parliament, the search for religious uniformity and the changing status of the aristocracy and gentry. Credit will not be given for both HI 425 and HI 525


HI 42920th Century BritainUNITS: 3 - Offered in Summer, Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
British political, social and economic history since 1914, with reference to the effects of two world wars, the growth of the Welfare State, Britain's decline as a power, and its search for a new role in the world. Credit will not be given for both HI 429 and HI 529.


HI 430Modern FranceUNITS: 3 - Offered in Summer, Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
French history from the downfall of Napoleon I to the present, with a short introductory survey of the Old Regime and the French Revolution. Cultural, social and economic developments and political trends. Credit will not be given for both HI 430 and HI 530


HI 435Europe Since 1945UNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Survey of European politics, society, and culture from 1945 to the present day focusing equally on Eastern and Western Europe. Begins with the Cold War division of the continent and gives special attention to the years immediately following the end of the Second World War, to the revolts of 1968, to the fall of Communism in 1989-1991, and to the Wars of Yugoslav Succession, 1991-1999.


HI 437Topics in Central and East European HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Topical focus on specific problems and events occurring in the region in and between Germany and Russia in modern history. The course is designed to expose advanced undergraduates, principally history majors, to intensive reading, writing, and discussion of focused topics in the subject area. Previous modern European history credit is advised. This course is repeatable once for credit when offered with a different topic.


HI 438The Russian Empire to 1917UNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
Russian Empire to the Revolution of 1917. Kiev Rus and the Mongol conquest, serfdom, territorial expansion, cultural insularity of the Great Russian state in Moscow, Westernization, reform, and great power status in 18th and 19th centuries, peoples of the multi-national empire, cultural, educated society, and revolutionary opposition, industrialization, rapid urbanization, war, and revolution. Credit will not be given for both HI 438 and HI 538.


HI 439History of the Soviet Union And AfterUNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Soviet state and society from the 1917 Revolution, including the post-Soviet situation. Political disarray and resistance to the Bolshevik regime, 1917-21; industrialization, urbanization, and application of coercive techniques of rule; popular reconciliation with Party state and great power status during World War II and after; fate of non-Russian nationalities; de-stalinization, stagnation, and the failed attempt at Party renewal after 1985. Credit will not be given both for HI 439 and HI 539


HI 440American Environmental HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Interdisciplinary Perspectives
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
Interactions between humans and their environments in America; environmental focus on themes in American history such as colonial settlement, industrialization, progressivism, the New Deal, the 1960s. Credit will not be given for both HI 440 and HI 540.


HI 441Colonial and Revolutionary U.SUNITS: 3 - Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Origins of the English colonies in America to the American Revolution. European background to colonization, merging of different cultures, effects of mercantile doctrine, causes of revolution. Credit will not be given for both HI 441 and HI 541


HI 442Creating the Constitution : Origins and DevelopmentUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
Analysis of state and federal constitutions developed in the United States after 1776. Theories behind a federal constitution; the Philadelphia Convention of 1787; the ratification debate; and the bill of rights. Credit will not be given for both HI 442 and HI 542.


HI 443U.S. Constitutional History to 1883UNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
This course examines the origins and development of the U. S. Constitution from the Articles of Confederation to 1883. The course specifically looks at the federal Convention of 1787, the national bank debate and early constitutional interpretation;the constitution and its interaction with politics, economics, and society; the powers of Congress-taxation, contracts, commerce and war. The course also examines sovereignty, slavery and civil rights. It ends with an analysis of the Civil War Amendments and the transformation in American constitutionalism. Credit for both HI 443 and HI 543 is not allowed


HI 444U.S. Constitutional History Since 1870UNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Examines the transformation of American Constitutional thought after the Civil War; the triumph of nationalism and the evolution of a new federal theory; the rise and fall of federal protections of civil rights in the late 19th-century and the CivilRights Revolution in the 20th century. Explores key concepts as civil liberties, judicial activism and judicial restraint; procedural and substantive due process, liberty of contracts and entrepreneurial liberty, Japanese internment, privacy, women and gender issues; explores free speech, religious freedom, civil liberties. Credit for both HI 444 and HI 544 is not allowed.


HI 445Early American FrontierUNITS: 3 - Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Examines the social, political, and cultural development of the eastern American frontiers between the early seventeenth and mid-nineteenth centuries. Addresses the relationships between settlers and environments, settlers and Native Americans. Explores the structure and life of pioneer families, the development of new institutions, the role of governments in regulating settlements, and the evolution of the "frontier myth." Credit cannot be given for both HI 445 and HI 545.


HI 446Civil War and ReconstructionUNITS: 3 - Humanities, Offered Alternate Years, U.S. Diversity
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Examination of the historiography of the American Civil War and Reconstruction. Topics include the origins of the war, military strategy, the northern and southern homefront, nationalism and citizenship, slavery and freed labor, changing gender roles and ideologies, struggles over racial inequality, and conservatism and radicalism during Reconstruction. Credit will not be given for both HI 446 and HI 546.


HI (WGS) 447History of American Women to 1900UNITS: 3 - Humanities, Offered Alternate Years, U.S. Diversity
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
The historical experience of women in America from the colonial period to 1890. Women's work, education, legal and political status, religious experience, and sex roles: age, class, race, sexual preference, and region as significant variables in women's experience. Credit will not be given for both HI (WGS) 447 and HI (WGS) 547.


HI (WGS) 448American Women in the Twentieth CenturyUNITS: 3 - Humanities, Offered Alternate Years, U.S. Diversity
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Women's historical experience in America, 1890-1990. Changes in women's work, education, legal and political status, and sex roles, age, class, race, sexual preference and region as significant variables in women's experience.Credit will not be given for both HI (WGS) 448 and HI (WGS) 548.


HI 449U.S. Labor to 1900UNITS: 3 - Offered Alternate Years, U.S. Diversity
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
This course explores the history of work, workers, and working-class life and labor in the United States from the founding of the first European colonies to the beginning of the twentieth century: bound and free labor in colonial America, the transformation of urban worklife in the decades preceding the Civil War, slavery and class formation in the antebellum South, the effects of immigration on American workers, and the impact of race and gender on workers' solidarity. Credit will not be given for both HI 449 and HI 549.


HI 450U.S. Labor Since 1900UNITS: 3 - Offered Alternate Years, U.S. Diversity
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
This course explores the history of work, workers, and working class organizations in the twentieth century United States; with particular attention to three core issues in twentieth-century American labor history: whether the US South has a particular form of labor history; the historical struggle for workers? rights to collectively act and protest; and the intersections between race, ethnicity, immigration and labor in the twentieth-century US. Credit will not be given for both HI 450 and HI 550.


HI 451The Vietnam WarUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
The Vietnam War in Vietnamese historical context. A study of major works on the legacy of French colonialism; the growth of Vietnamese radicalism and communism; World War II and the Vietnamese Revolution; the French Indochina War and political division; nation building in north and south Vietnam; conflict between north and south; American intervention; and the memory of war in Vietnam. Credit for both HI 451 and HI 551 is not allowed.


HI 452Recent AmericaUNITS: 3 - Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Examination of contemporary opinions and historical interpretations of major problems in American life since 1939, including World War II, its social and economic consequences; Korea and the Cold War, big business and labor; civil rights and feminist movements; countercultures, Vietnam and Watergate. Credit will not be given both for HI 452 and HI 552


HI 453United States-Latin American Relations Since 1823UNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Humanities, Offered Alternate Even Years, U.S. Diversity
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Critical analysis of the last two centuries of relations between the US and Latin America. Exploration of major policies using primary sources and declassified CIA documents. Major themes include US economic, political, and military influence, covert and overt US interventions, and response by Latin American governments. Historical perspectives on contemporary inter-American problems on drugs, environment, debt crisis, human rights abuses, and the impact of the Latino population in the U.S. Credit will not be given both for HI 453 and HI 553.


HI 454History of U.S. Foreign Relations, 1900-PresentUNITS: 3 - Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
America's emergence as a world power; American diplomatic history since 1900; the expansion of American economic and cultural relations; the evolution of the American foreign policy bureaucracy; and the historical forces and personalities that have shaped American relations with other nations. Credit for both HI 454 and HI 554 will not be allowed


HI (AFS) 455History of the Civil Rights MovementUNITS: 3 - Humanities, Offered Alternate Years, U.S. Diversity
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
The black revolution; stages and leaders of the movement; successes and failures in the fight for desegregation, the vote, and economic opportunity; impact of Civil Rights movement on the United States. Credit will not be given both for HI (AFS) 455 and HI 555


HI 456Early American ThoughtUNITS: 3 - Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
American intellectual history to 1865. Influence of reformation, enlightenment, scientific revolution, capitalism and romanticism on social and political order. Credit will not be given for both HI 456 and HI 556


HI 457Twentieth-Century U.S. Intellectual HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
American intellectuals and their views on 20th-century topics such as politics, culture, race and gender in historical context. Credit for both HI 457 and HI 557 is not allowed


HI 458American Historical BiographyUNITS: 3 - Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Learn about the past through the eyes of those who made it. This course explores the multiple ways that historical biographers construct narratives of an individual life and how these relate to broader themes in American history. Credit will not be given for both HI 458 and HI 558.


HI 459The Early American RepublicUNITS: 3 - Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Examines the social, political, and cultural development of the Early Republic, the period in American history roughly from the Revolutionary War through the Administration of John Quincy Adams. Employs the life of Thomas Jefferson-the quintessential American, as the foundation for delving into the historical problems, interpreting primary sources, and analyzing secondary sources. encourages graduate students to analyze the ways in which historiographic debates complicate our understanding of the Early American Republic. Credit will not be given for both HI 459 and HI 559.


HI 461Civilization of the Old SouthUNITS: 3 - Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
The distinctive features of the Old South as part of the regional development of United States history. Consideration of colonial factors in the making of the South, development of the plantation system and slavery, Southern social order, intellectual and cultural life, economic development, and rise of Southern nationalism. Credit will not be given for both HI 461 and HI 561


HI 462Southern History since the Civil WarUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Humanities, Offered Alternate Odd Years, U.S. Diversity
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
Exploration of many American ?Souths? from Reconstruction to the present. How race/ethnicity, gender, class, geography, sexuality, and culture inform ?southern? identity; major political and economic changes; and the region?s relationship to the nation and the world. Credit will not be given for HI 462 and HI 562.


HI 465Oil and Crisis in the GulfUNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Historical roots and development of the Persian Gulf region from the late nineteenth century until the present with an emphasis on the social, economic, cultural and political transformations following the discovery of oil, and subsequent events such as the Arab Oil embargo of 1973, the Iranian Revolution, the Iran-Iraq war, and the two Gulf wars.


HI 466History of the Palestinian-Israeli ConflictUNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Historical roots and development of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict from the late nineteenth century until the present through the study of the history and historiography of Zionism, Palestinian nationalism, creation of the state of Israel, establishment of settlements, conflicts and peace negotiations, as well as a study of the impact of this conflict on both Israeli and Palestinian societies, economies and cultures.


HI 467Modern MexicoUNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
Major developments in Mexican national life since 1821. The 19th century: the era of Santa Anna, the war with the United States, the Reform, the French intervention, and the dictatorship of Profirio Diaz. The 1910 Revolution and the resulting transformation of Mexico's political, social and economic institutions. Reading knowledge of Spanish helpful but not required.


HI 469Latin American Revolutions in the Twentieth CenturyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Comparative analysis of causes, participants, process, and outcome of revolutions in Mexico, Bolivia, Cuba, and Central America. Credit for both HI 469 and HI 569 will not be given


HI 470Exploring World HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Global Knowledge, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
Introduction to the methods, themes, and narratives of world history. As a distinct approach to historical study, world history focuses on dynamic connections and relationships among regions of the world and the variety of global processes - related to trade, religion, production, consumption, migration, imperialism, disease, and technologies - that connected them. The course is a suggested elective for future teachers who will teach world history in high school.


HI 471Revolutionary ChinaUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
China 1900 to present. Examination of political, cultural, and socio-economic revolutionary phases of China's 20th-century transformation from traditional empire to communism. Particular attention to post-1949 problems of nation-building. Credit will not be given for both HI 471 and HI 571


HI 473Japan's Empire in Asia, 1868-1945UNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
An advanced survey of Japanese relations with Asia in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Structures and ideologies of imperialism and colonialism; modernization, nationalism and social change; migration and mobility; resistance and collaboration; and legacies of empire. Credit will not be given for both HI 473 and HI 573


HI 474Modern IndiaUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
The history of the Indian sub-continent, from the 16th century to the present. Focus on political, economic and cultural change under the Mughal Empire and the British Raj; the problems of independent India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.


HI (AFS) 475History of the Republic of South AfricaUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Global Knowledge, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
Evolution of the Republic of South Africa's society, with emphasis on the interaction of diverse peoples and cultures. Particular attention is given to the period since 1870. Credit will not be given for both HI (AFS) 475 and HI 575.


HI (AFS) 476Leadership in Modern AfricaUNITS: 3 - Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
Recent sub-Saharan African political history (excluding South Africa). Overview of concepts, vocabulary, historical trends. Detailed examination of specific African countries as case studies, such as Ghana, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Tanzania. Credit will not be given for both HI (AFS) 476 and HI 576.


HI 477Women in the Middle EastUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
The varied forces influencing lives of women in Middle East from beginning of Islam to present.


HI 478Islam and Christianity in Sub-Saharan AfricaUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
Expansion and interaction of Islam and Christianity in sub-Saharan Africa in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and their influence and impact on the economy, politics, and society. Topics include missionary activity, resistance to imperial authority, the role of the churches, and the influence of religion on leadership, education, nationalism, and post-colonialism. Credit will not be given for both HI 478 and HI 578.


HI (AFS) 479Africa (sub-Saharan) in the Twentieth CenturyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
Developments in sub-Saharan Africa during the colonial period, from the end of the nineteenth century to the advent of decolonization in the early 1960s. Interplay of political, social, economic and cultural factors in the experiences of African peoples during this period. Credit will not be given for both HI (AFS) 479 and HI 579


HI 480Scientific Revolution: 1300-1700UNITS: 3 - Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Factors behind dramatic scientific changes of the seventeenth century. Role of mathematics and experiment. Interaction of the new science with trends in philosophy, religion, alchemy, magic, medicine, and with institutional, educational, political, economic and technological factors. Credit will not be given for both HI 480 and HI 580.


HI 481History of the Life SciencesUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Historical context of the individuals, ideas, scientific practices, and social goals that created the core concepts of the modern biological sciences, from Renaissance medicine to molecular biology, with a focus on interconnections of the scientific knowledge and perspective of the life sciences with other aspects of culture, including other sciences, views about nature and life, religious belief, medical practice, and agriculture. Topics include the development of biological experiments; theories of ecology and evolution; the chemical understanding of health, food, and drugs; and the modern molecular revolution. Credit will not be given for both HI 481 and HI 581.


HI 482Darwinism in Science and SocietyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Scientific development of Darwinism and its reception by the scientific community and the general public. Social impact of theories of evolution as reflected in Social Darwinism, eugenics, sociobiology, and relationship of sciences to ethics and religion. Credit will not be given both for HI 482 and HI 582


HI 483Science and Religion in European HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Global Knowledge, Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
Are science and religion inherently in conflict with each other? Historical analysis of the idea of the ?warfare between religion and science,? treating their complex relationship and respective cultural authority before 1800, including the relationship of science and religion in Europe during periods of the Reformation, the creation of early modern states, and the Enlightenment of the 1700s. Topics include visions of nature and utopias, the creation of mechanistic science in the 1600s, and natural theology. Credit will not be given for both HI 483 and HI 583.


HI 484Science in European CultureUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Global Knowledge, Interdisciplinary Perspectives
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History
The role of science in shaping early modern European identity, culture and polity in the 1600s and 1700s. Drawing on documents and material culture, topics include the meaning of natural wonders, explorations, travel literature, instruments and mapping, colonies and empire, and universal expos. Credit will not be given for both HI 484 and HI 584.


HI 485History of American TechnologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Interdisciplinary Perspectives
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
Technology in American history: the ideological, social, economic, and institutional contexts of technological change from the 1760's to the present. Impacts of new technological systems. Credit will not be given for both HI 485 and HI 585.


HI 486Science and EmpireUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Global Knowledge, Humanities, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
The development of European science in the context of world exploration, global commercial expansion, local knowledge, and visions of colonization and empire.


HI 491Seminar in HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite:HI 300 and 18 hours of History
Detailed investigation of selected topics in history. Consult Department of History for specific topics.


HI 495Honors Research in History IUNITS: 2 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Senior in History Honors Program
Preparation of the honors thesis. Topics and procedures to be determined by the student and the supervising faculty member.


HI 496Honors Research in History IIUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: HI 495, Senior in History Honors Program
Completion of the honors thesis. Topics and procedures to be determined by the student and the supervising faculty member.


HI 498Independent Study in HistoryUNITS: 1-6
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
Extensive readings on predetermined topics focused around a central theme. Permission of the department is required.


HI 500Civilizations of the Ancient Near EastUNITS: 3
The civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt from earliest times to fall of Babylon in 539 B.C. Credit for both HI 400 and HI 500 is not allowed


HI 504Rome To 337 A.D.UNITS: 3
Development of ancient Rome from its origins in Italy, through its rise as an Empire embracing entire Mediterranean World and Western Europe, to Constantine, Christianity and the foundation of Constantinople. Critical examination of political achievement of a people who rose from an obscure Italian city to a world empire, with emphasis on analysis of primary courses. Credit for both HI 404 and HI 504 is not allowed


HI 505History and Archaeology Of the Roman EmpireUNITS: 3
Analysis of Rome's unparalleled rule over the entire Mediterranean World in first four centuries A. D. through use of literary and archaeological sources. Special emphasis on imperial army and frontier security. Credit for both HI 405 and HI 505 is not allowed


HI 506From Roman Empire To Middle AgesUNITS: 3
Late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages. The transition from classical civilization to basis of modern civilizations: the Fall of Rome, the Germanic kingdoms, Byzantium, establishment of Christianity, birth and growth of Islam. Credit for both HI 406 and HI 506 is not allowed


HI 507Islamic History To 1798UNITS: 3
History of Islamic Near East to 1798. The East Mediterranean before Islam, Muhammad and the development of Islam, sources of Muslim civilization; Islamic law, science, philosophy, art and architecture; Islam in Spain, India, Asia and Africa, the Crusades, the Ottomans; Islam and Europe. Credit for both HI(REL) 407 and HI 507 is not allowed


HI (COM) (GES) 508Emerging Technologies and SocietyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Provides frameworks for understanding emerging technologies and their social, political, and cultural contexts. Presents historical case studies, ethnographic accounts, and theoretical perspectives that introduce students to ways of thinking about science and technology, nature and culture, and democracy and expertise. Graduate standing is required.


HI 509The High Middle AgesUNITS: 3
Medieval culture 936-1250: revival of the Roman Empire, monastic and papal reform, rise of universities, evolution of representative bodies, the Gothic style, troubadour and goliardic poetry, scholasticism and revival of Roman law. Credit for both HI 409 and HI 509 is not allowed


HI 511Trials of Faith: Religious Reformation in Early-Modern EuropeUNITS: 3
Examination of the great disruption in European civilization associated with the Protestant and Catholic Reformations. The course considers the new religious ideas and practices associated with the Reformations and transformation they produced in European political and economic life; the violence they provoked; the new thinking about families and gender roles they encouraged, the spread of European religions around the globe with European voyages of discovery and conquest, and the beginning of ideas about religious toleration. Credit will not be given for both HI 411 and HI 511.


HI 512The Sexes and Society in Early-Modern EuropeUNITS: 3
Examination of both changes in gender relations; ideas about the sexes, femininity, and masculinity; the roles of women and men in political, religious, economic, scientific, and family life in Europe between the late Middle Ages and the French Revolution. Credit for both HI 512 and 412 is not allowed.


HI 514From Kings to Revolution: The History of Early-Modern FranceUNITS: 3
Examination of the most politically powerful and culturally dominant kingdom in early-modern Europe, which dissolved into a revolution that destroyed its monarchy while establishing ideas about democracy and equality. From the glories of the Versailles palace to the misery of peasant villages, topics include the beginnings of the French state and nation in the warfare and religious conflicts of 1500s, political and economic developments, the growth of an internationally influential French culture, religious change, controversies over gender roles, and the origins of the French Revolution. Credit will not be given for both HI 414 and HI 514.


HI 515Revolutionary EuropeUNITS: 3
A broadly based analysis of France's first revolutionary era. The Enlightenment and its impact, causes and character of the Revolution in France and impact of these events in France and Europe. Credit for both HI 415 and HI 515 is not allowed


HI 518Fascist Italy and Nazi GermanyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: 6 hours of Advanced History
Fascism as a theoretical concept, rise of fascism in Italy and Germany, seizure of power by Mussolini and Hitler, organization of economy, churches, military, women, youth and culture under dictatorships. Students will not receive credit for both HI418 and HI 518


HI 519Modern European ImperialismUNITS: 3
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
Historical background of European expression; its impact on the economics, politics and culture of both Europe and the colonized world; the significance of imperialism and anti-colonial nationalism in shaping the modern world. Credit for both HI 419and HI 519 is not allowed


HI 520European Diplomatic HistoryUNITS: 3
Prerequisite: 6 hours of Advanced History
Survey of major issues and events in European international relations, including Congress of Vienna in 1815, unification of Germany, World War I and II, origins of Cold War, European unification, and crisis of Soviet bloc. Credit for both HI 420 andHI 520 is not allowed


HI 521European Intellectual History: The Eighteenth CenturyUNITS: 3
Historical examination of some of major figures of the European Enlightenment, beginning with Locke and ending with Kant. Credit for both HI 421 and HI 521 is not allowed


HI 522European Intellectual History: The 19TH CenturyUNITS: 3
Historical examination of some of major figures of European thought during 19th century, beginning with enthusiasm of the period of the French Revolution and ending with the disillusionment of the fin de siecle. Credit for both HI 422 and HI 522 is not allowed


HI 523Women in European EnlightenmentUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Historical analysis of feminist thought and action during the Enlightenment of the 1700s. Topics include women?s role in the development of Western knowledge and science, historical construction of the gendered ?nature? of women, education and political resources available to women, and their strategies for emancipation. Credit will not be given for both HI 423 and HI 523.


HI 525Tudor and Stuart EnglandUNITS: 3
British history from the Reformation to the Civil War. Primary emphasis on certain key developments in social, political and economic life, such as development of a new concept of kingship, the growing independence of Parliament, the search for religious uniformity and changing status of aristocracy and gentry. Credit for both HI 425 and HI 525 is not allowed


HI 530Modern FranceUNITS: 3 - Offered in Summer
French history from the downfall of Napoleon I to the present, with a short introductory survey of the Old Regime and the French Revolution. Cultural, social and economic developments and political trends. Credit for both HI 430 and HI 530 is not allowed


HI 532History Of Germany Since 1871UNITS: 3 - Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: 6 hours of Advanced History
German history from the unification of 1871 to the present, concentrating on problems of nationalism and political and social reform. Credit for both HI 432 and HI 532 is not allowed


HI 533Theory and Practice of Oral HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Explores the practice of oral history. Examines historical works drawn primarily from oral sources. Teaches students to design and implement oral history projects based on independent research.


HI 534Theory and Practice of Digital HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Introduces students to the theory and practice of digital history. Students will examine theoretical scholarship on digital practices in history, exploring issues of capacity, accessibility, interactivity, and hypertextuality. Students will critique examples of digital history including digital archives, exhibits, scholarships, and teaching resources, and then apply conceptual knowledge in the creation of their own digital history projects. Graduate standing or PBS status.


HI 538The Russian Empire To 1917UNITS: 3
History of the Russian Empire to the Revolution of 1917. Kiev Rus and the Mongol conquest; serfdom, territorial expansion and cultural insularity of Great Russian state in Moscow; Westernization, reform and great power status in 18th and 19th centuries; peoples of multinational empire; culture, educated society and revolutionary opposition; industrialization, rapid urbanization, war and revolution. Credit for both HI 438 and HI 538 is not allowed


HI 539History Of the Soviet Union and AfterUNITS: 3
History of the Soviet state and society from the 1917 Revolution, including post-Soviet situation. Political disarray and resistance to the Bolshevik regime, 1917-21; industrialization, urbanization and application of coercive techniques of rule; popular reconciliation with Party state and great power status during World War II and after; fate of non-Russian nationalities; de-Stalinization, stagnation and failed attempt at Party renewal after 1985. Credit for both HI 439 and HI 539 is not allowed


HI 540American Environmental HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
Interaction between humans and their environments in America; environmental focus on themes in American history such as colonial settlements, industrialization, progressivism, the new Deal, the 1960s. Credit will not be given for both HI 440 and HI 540.


HI 541Colonial and Revolutionary U.S.UNITS: 3
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
Origins of English colonies in America to the American Revolution. European background to colonization, merging of different cultures, effects of mercantile doctrine, causes of revolution. Credit for both HI 441 and HI 541 is not allowed. Credit for both HI 441 and HI 541 is not allowed.


HI 542Creating the Constitution: Origins and DevelopmentUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
Analysis of state and federal constitutions developed in the United States after 1776. Theories behind a federal constitution; the Philadelphia Convention of 1787; the ratification debate; and the bill or rights. Credit will not be given for both HI 442 and HI 542


HI 543U.S. Constitutional History to 1883UNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
Examines the origins and development of the United States Constitution from the Articles of Confederation to 1883. Analyzes the Federalist-Antifederalist debates; evaluates the constitution and its interaction with politics, economics, and society. Studies the powers of Congress-taxation, contracts, commerce, war, and First Amendment issues. Explores sovereignty, civil rights, and the new federalism after the Civil War. Assesses the meaning of procedural and substantive due process, and the state action theory. Appraises the transformation in American constitutionalism during Reconstruction. students may not earn credit for both HI 443 and HI 543


HI 544US Constitutional History Since 1870UNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
Examines the transformation of American constitutional thought after the Civil War; the triumph of nationalism and the evolution of a new federal theory; the rise and fall of federal protections of civil rights. Explores key concepts such as civil liberties, judicial activism and judicial restraint; analyzes procedural and substantive due process, liberty of contracts and entrepreneurial liberty; evaluates Japanese internment, privacy, gender equality, free speech, religious freedom, civil liberties. credit not given for both HI 444 and 544


HI 545Early American FrontierUNITS: 3
Examines the social, political, and cultural development of the eastern American frontiers between the early seventeenth and mid-nineteenth centuries. Addresses the relationships between settlers and environments, settlers and Native Americans. Explores the structure and life of pioneer families, the development of new institutions, the role of governments in regulating settlements, and the evolution of the "frontier myth". Graduate standing or permission of instructor. Credit cannot be given for both HI 445 and HI 545.


HI 546Topics in Civil War and ReconstructionUNITS: 3
Examination of the historiography of the American Civil War and Reconstruction. Topics include the origins of the war, military strategy, the northern and southern homefront, nationalism and citizenship, slavery and freed labor, changing gender roles and ideologies, struggles over racial inequality, and conservatism and radicalism during Reconstruction. Credit will not be given for both HI 446 and HI 546.


HI (WGS) 547History Of American Women To 1900UNITS: 3
Prerequisite: 6 hours of Advanced History
Historical experience of women in America from colonial period to 1890. Women's work, education, legal and political status, religious experience and sex roles: age, class, race, sexual preference and region as significant variables in women's experience.Credit for both HI (WGS) 447 and HI (WGS) 547 is not allowed


HI (WGS) 548American Women In the Twentieth CenturyUNITS: 3
Women's historical experience in America, 1890-1990. Changes in women's work, education, legal and political status, and sex roles; age, class, race, sexual preference and region as significant variables in women's experience. Credit for both HI (WGS) 448 and HI (WGS) 548 is not allowed.


HI 549U. S. Labor To 1900UNITS: 3
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
This course explores the history of work, workers, and working-class life and labor in the United States from the founding of the first European colonies to the beginning of the twentieth century: bound and free labor in colonial America, the transformation of urban worklife in the decades preceding the Civil War, slavery and class formation in the antebellum South, the effects of immigration on American workers, and the impact of race and gender on workers' solidarity. Credit for both HI 449 and HI 549 is not allowed.


HI 550U. S. Labor Since 1900UNITS: 3
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
This course explores the history of work, workers, and working class organizations in the twentieth century United States; with particular attention to three core issues in twentieth-century American labor history: whether the US South has a particular form of labor history; the historical struggle for workers? rights to collectively act and protest; and the intersections between race, ethnicity, immigration and labor in the twentieth-century US. Credit for both HI 450 and HI 550 is not allowed.


HI 551The Vietnam WarUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
The Vietnam War in Vietnamese historical context. A study of major works on the legacy of French colonialism; the growth of Vietnamese radicalism and communism; World War II and the Vietnamese Revolution; the French Indochina War and political division; nation building in north and south Vietnam; conflict between north and south; American intervention; and the memory of war in Vietnam. Credit for both HI 451 and HI 551 is not allowed.


HI 552Recent AmericaUNITS: 3
Examination of contemporary opinions and "historial" interpretations of major problems in American life since 1939 including World War II, its social and economic consequences; Korea and the Cold War; big business and labor; civil rights and feminist movements; countercultures, Vietnam and Watergate. Credit for both HI 452 and HI 552 is not allowed


HI 553U. S.-Latin American Relations Since 1823UNITS: 3
Critical analysis of the last two centuries of relations between the US and Latin America. Exploration of major policies using primary sources and declassified CIA documents. Major themes include US economic, political, and military influence, covert and overt US interventions, and response by Latin American governments. Historical perspectives on contemporary inter-American problems on drugs, environment, debt crisis, human rights abuses, and the impact of the Latino population in the U.S. Credit will not be given both for HI 453 and HI 553.


HI 554History Of U. S. Foreign Relations, 1900-PresentUNITS: 3
American diplomatic history since 1900; the expansion of American economic and cultural relations; the evolution of the American foreign policy bureaucracy; and the historical forces and personalities that shaped American relations with other nations. Credit for both HI 454 and HI 554 is not allowed


HI 555History Of the Civil Rights MovementUNITS: 3
Prerequisite: 6 hours of Advanced History, Junior standing
The "black revolution;" stages and leaders of the movement; successes and failures in fight for desegregation, the vote and economic opportunity; impact of Civil Rights movement on the United States. Credit for both HI (AFS) 455 and HI 555 is not allowed


HI 556Early American ThoughtUNITS: 3
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History
American intellectual history to 1865. Influence of Reformation, enlightenment, scientific revolution, capitalism and romanticism on social and political order. Credit for both HI 456 and HI 556 is not allowed


HI 557Twentieth-Century U. S. Intellectual HistoryUNITS: 3
American intellectuals and their views on 20th-century topics such as politics, culture, race and gender in historical context. Credit for both HI 457 and HI 557 is not allowed


HI 558American Historical BiographyUNITS: 3
Learn about the past through the eyes of those who made it. This course explores the multiple ways that historical biographers construct narratives of an individual life and how these relate to broader themes in American history. Credit will not be given for both HI 458 and HI 558.


HI 559The Early American RepublicUNITS: 3
Examines the social, political, and cultural development of the Early Republic, the period in American history roughly from the Revolutionary War through the administration of John Quincy Adams. Employs the life of Thomas Jefferson-the quintessential American-as the foundation for delving into historical problems, interpreting primary sources, and analyzing secondary sources. Encourages graduate students to analyze the ways in which historiographic debates complicate our understanding of the Eearly American Republic. Graduate standing or permission of instructor. Credit cannot be given for both HI 459 and HI 559.


HI 561Civilization Of the Old SouthUNITS: 3
Distinctive features of the Old South as part of the regional development of the U. S. Colonial factors in the making of the South, development of the plantation system and slavery, Southern social order, intellectual and cultural life, economic development and rise of Southern nationalism. Credit for both HI 461 and HI 561 is not allowed


HI 562Southern History since the Civil WarUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Prerequisite: 6 hours of Advanced History
Exploration of many American ?Souths? from Reconstruction to the present. How race/ethnicity, gender, class, geography, sexuality, and culture inform ?southern? identity; major political and economic changes; and the region?s relationship to the nation and the world. Credit will not be given for HI 462 and HI 562.


HI 563Topics in History and MemoryUNITS: 3
Explores how "collective memory" develops. Examines how memory is represented through public speeches, civic celebrations, monuments and memorials, and other forms of popular and political culture. Analyzes what is recalled, what is forgotten, and who decides. Asks why memory is made public. May be repeated for credit with a different topic.


HI 566Readings in Native American HistoryUNITS: 3
Readings in the varied historical experiences of nations native to North America from the first migrations of peoples into the continent until the present, including the variety and diversity of native cultures and experiences; native resistance to colonialism, expansion, and U.S. federal policies; and the survival and continuity of native cultures and peoples through more than four centuries of contact, conquest, and change.


HI 569Latin American Revolutions In the Twentieth CenturyUNITS: 3
Comparative analysis of causes, participants, process and outcome of revolutions in Mexico, Bolivia, Cuba and Central America. Credit for both HI 469 and HI 569 is not allowed


HI 571Revolutionary ChinaUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
China 1900 to present. Examination of political, cultural and socio-economics revolutionary phases of China's 20th-century trans-formation from traditional empire to communism. Particular attention to post-1949 problems of nation building. Credit for both HI 471 and HI 571 is not allowed


HI 572The Rise of Modern Japan, 1850-PresentUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
Japan's emergence as a modern nation and world power. Topics include nation-state formation; modernization and its dislocations; democratization and authoritarianism; imperialism, international politics, and war; postwar reforms; changing gender relations; popular culture; and social problems. Credit will not be given for both HI 472 and HI 572


HI 573Japan's Empire in Asia, 1868-1945UNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: 6 hours of advanced history
Advanced survey of Japanese relations with Asia in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Structures and ideologies of imperialism and colonialism; modernization, nationalism, and social change; migration and mobility; resistance and collaboration; and legacies of empire.


HI 575History Of the Republic Of South AfricaUNITS: 3
Prerequisite: 6 hours of Advanced History
Evolution of Republic of South Africa's society, with emphasis on interaction of diverse peoples and cultures. Particular attention given to period since 1870. Credit for both HI 475 and HI 575 is not allowed


HI 576Leadership In Modern AfricaUNITS: 3
Conditions under which 20th century African leaders have obtained and exercised power. Case studies of prominent leaders, both radicals, reactionaries, democrats and tyrants, such as Nkrumah, Kenyatta, Nyerere, Amin, Cabral, Vorster and Senghor. Credit for both HI (AFS) 476 and HI 576 is not allowed


HI 578Islam and Christianity in Sub-Saharan Africa since the 19th CenturyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Expansion and interaction of Islam and Christianity in sub-Saharan Africa in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and their influence and impact on the economy, politics, and society. Topics include missionary activity, resistance to imperial authority, the role of the churches, and the influence of religion on leadership, education, nationalism, and post-colonialism. Credit will not be given for both HI 478 and HI 578; graduate standing for HI 578.


HI 579African (sub-Saharan) in the Twentieth CenturyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: 6 hours of Advanced History
Developments in sub-Saharan Africa during colonial period, from end of 19th century to advent of decolonization in early 1960s. Interplay of political, social, economic and cultural factors in experiences of African peoples during this period. Students will not receive credit for both HI (AFS) 479 and HI 579


HI 580Scientific Revolution: 1300-1700UNITS: 3
Factors behind dramatic scientific changes of the seventeenth century. Role of mathematics and experiment. Interaction of new science with trends in philosophy, religion, alchemy, magic, medicine and with institutional educational, political, economic and technological factors.Credit for both HI 480 and HI 580 is not allowed


HI 581History Of Life SciencesUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Historical context of the individuals, ideas, scientific practices, and social goals that created the core concepts of the modern biological sciences, from Renaissance medicine to molecular biology, with a focus on interconnections of the scientific knowledge and perspective of the life sciences with other aspects of culture, including other sciences, views about nature and life, religious belief, medical practice, and agriculture. Topics include the development of biological experiments; theories of ecology and evolution; the chemical understanding of health, food, and drugs; and the modern molecular revolution. Credit will not be given for both HI 481 and HI 581.


HI 582Darwinism In Science and SocietyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: 6 hours of Advanced History
Scientific development of Darwinism and its reception by the scientific community and the general public. Social impact of theories of evolution as reflected in Social Darwinism, eugenics, sociobiology, and relationship of sciences to ethics and religion. Credit for both HI 482 and HI 582 is not allowed


HI 583Science and Religion in European HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered Alternate Odd Years
Prerequisite: 6 hours of Advanced History
Are science and religion inherently in conflict with each other? Historical analysis of the idea of the ?warfare between religion and science,? treating their complex relationship and respective cultural authority before 1800, including the relationship of science and religion in Europe during periods of the Reformation, the creation of early modern states, and the Enlightenment of the 1700s. Topics include visions of nature and utopias, the creation of mechanistic science in the 1600s, and natural theology. Credit will not be given for both HI 483 and HI 583.


HI 584Science in European CultureUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: 6 hours of Advanced History
The role of science in shaping early modern European identity, culture and polity in the 1600s and 1700s. Drawing on documents and material culture, topics include the meaning of natural wonders, explorations, travel literature, instruments and mapping, colonies and empire, and universal expos. Credit will not be given for both HI 484 and HI 584.


HI 585History of American TechnologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
Technology in American history: the ideological, social, economic, and institutional contexts of technological change from the 1760s to the present. Impacts of new technological systems. Credit for both HI 485 and HI 585 is not allowed


HI (ANT) 587Cultural Resource ManagementUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Theoretical and practical overview of U.S. federal and state laws, institutions, and practices related to the inventory, evaluation, preservation, protection, and overall management of cultural resources; history and philosophical bases of Cultural Resource Management (CRM); professional ethics; indigenous and other stakeholder interests in CRM; and comparative national regulations outside the U.S. and the international heritage management and organizations. Graduate standing in history required.


HI 588Family and Community HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Theory and research in family history, local history, and community studies, as well as application to public history presentation and community development. Graduate standing in history required.


HI 589Interpretation in Historic Sites and ParksUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Requisite: NCSU Graduate Students (MR or DR), NDS Students Only
Methodologies of interpreting history at historic sites and parks; training in interpretive tools linking historiography and research methodology with real places for presentation to the public; considerations of practical application. Five day trips required. Graduate standing or NDS.


HI 591Museum StudiesUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Organization and operation of museums as historical agencies. Role of museums in historical research and education. Graduate standing or NDS.


HI 593Material CultureUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Current theories of material culture analysis and their application to history museums. Graduate standing or NDS.


HI 594Cultural HeritageUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Use of the past and its cultures in reinforcing identities. Global development of heritage preservation, cultural resource management, and heritage tourism. Role of heritage professionals in identification, study, assessment, preservation, interpretation, management, and promotion of historic and cultural resources. Law and regulations that protect and preserve cultural resources. Graduate standing or NDS.


HI 596Introduction To Public HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Historical origins of public history, applications of history to public life, historiography and major paradigms in the field, and debates about the public role of historians. Graduate standing in History.


HI 597Historiography and Historical MethodUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Major steps in development of historical investigation; analysis of elements of historical research; discussion of methodology and archival materials used by contemporary scholarly historian.


HI 598Historical WritingUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Graduate standing or PBS status
Critical studies in the methods and practice of contemporary historical writing.


HI 599Independent StudyUNITS: 1-6
Prerequisite: Graduate standing or PBS status
Individualized study conducted under supervision of graduate faculty. Course of study, assigned readings, course projects or papers, and methods of evaluating work to be detailed in writing and approved by department head.


HI 642Internship In Public HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Supervised internship experience with a public or private historical agency or institution or local, regional, or national significance. Graduate standing in History.


HI 685Master's Supervised TeachingUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.


HI 688Non-Thesis Masters Continuous Registration - Half Time RegistrationUNITS: 1
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain half-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc.


HI 689Non-Thesis Master Continuous Registration - Full Time RegistrationUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain full-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc. Students may register for this course a maximum of one semester.


HI 693Master's Supervised ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.


HI 695Master's Thesis ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Thesis Research


HI 696Summer Thesis ResearchUNITS: 1 - Offered in Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.


HI 699Master's Thesis PreparationUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students who have completed all credit hour requirements and full-time enrollment for the master's degree and are writing and defending their thesis. Credits Arranged


HI 787African American Public HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Issues in public history practice as they relate to the collection, preservation, and interpretation of African American cultural history. Graduate standing in history required.


HI 788Native American Public HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Odd Years
Issues in public history practice as they relate to the collection, preservation, and interpretation of Native American history. Graduate standing in history required.


HI 791Research Seminar in Public HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Identification and development of public history research subjects, sources and their evaluation, research techniques and problems, and writing and argumentation. Graduate standing only.


HI 792Colloquium in HistoryUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Advanced historiographical readings on major topics in history. May be repeated for credit with different topic. Graduate standing in History only.


HI 885Doctoral Supervised TeachingUNITS: 1-3


HI 889Doctoral Dissertation SeminarUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Development of a solid dissertation structure, research strategy and drafting of framing chapters, preparation of dissertation proposal and proposal presentation, strategies for revision of dissertation. Three consecutive semesters beginning in semester of exams. Graduate standing in history only.


HI 895Doctoral Dissertation ResearchUNITS: 1-3


HI 896Summer Dissert ResUNITS: 1


HI 899Doctoral Dissertation PreparationUNITS: 1-3