CS - Crop Science


CS (SSC) 103Introductory Topics in Crop, Soil and Turfgrass SciencesUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Only
Introduction to the scope, purpose, and objectives of a university education with an emphasis on areas related to Crop, Soil and Turfgrass Sciences. Students will explore university, college and departmental resources, academic policies and procedures, opportunities for minors, career opportunities, and current trends and issues in our related disciplines. Students cannot receive credit for both CS 103 and ALS 103. Freshman Only; PAA, PAB, PAC, PAE, PCB, SST, TFG


CS 200Introduction to Turfgrass ManagementUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: BIO 181(preferred) or ZO 160(alternate) BO 200, or CS 213
Turfgrass selection, establishment, maintenance, and pest management in lawns, golf courses, athletic fields, and roadside care; Emphasis on understanding the impact of the environment on management practices and turfgrass performance. Field trips in laboratory.


CS 210Lawns and Sports TurfUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer, Natural Sciences
Utilization of turfgrasses for lawns and recreational areas. Emphasis on: the cultural and environmental benefits of grassed areas, concepts of grass growth and development, selecting adapted grasses for proper use, techniques for successful establishment and management of cool-and-warm-season turfgrasses, fertilization, irrigation, aeration, and pest management. The history and benefit of natural and artificial sports fields will also be discussed. Credit will not be awarded for both CS 200 and CS 210.


CS 211Plant GeneticsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: BIO 183 or ZO 160
Fundaments of plant genetics. Genetic basis for plant improvement. Genetic analysis of Mendelian traits, molecular structure and organization of genetic material, crop biotechnology, distribution and behavior of genes in populations.


CS 213Crops: Adaptation & ProductionUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: BIO 181(preferred) or ZO 160(alternate) or BO 200
Fundamental structure and reproductive features of crops. Their adaptation and importance in global agriculture. Practices and inputs needed for economic production of a quality product and interaction of these factors within the constraints of climate, soils, and topography in maintaining a quality environment.


CS 216Oilseed Crop ProductionUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Fundamental agronomic practices associated with the production of oilseed crops (soybean, peanuts and cotton). Discussions will include crop growth and development stages, variety characteristics, planting strategies, fertility and pest management programs, harvest and storage options, and the use of technologies associated with the production and maintenance of quality oilseed crops.


CS 218Cereal Grain Crop ProductionUNITS: 2 - Offered in Spring Only
Fundamental agronomic practices associated with the productio of cereal grain crops (corn and small grains). Discussions will include crop growth and development stages, how to choose the best varities and hybrids, planting strategies, fertility and pest management programs, harvest and t=storage options, and the use of technologies associated with the production and maintenance of quality grain.


CS 224Seeds, Biotechnology and SocietiesUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall and Spring, Global Knowledge, Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Natural Sciences
An exploration of seeds, how seeds are the delivery system for crop biotechnology and how a specific culture's perception of science and agriculture influence the acceptance or rejections of modern genetic technologies. Topics include seed germination, survival and preservation; seed industry influence on societies and how societies are influencing the seed industry; seed production - commercially and at home; how our diverse genetic resources are preserved; how biotechnology is applied to agriculture and delivered through seeds; the impact biotech is having on the seed industry and subsequently on us and global agriculture; concerns and potential benefits of biotechnology application to crops.


CS 230Introduction to AgroecologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Global Knowledge, Interdisciplinary Perspectives
Prerequisite: BIO 105 or BIO 181 or BIO/ZO 160 or BO 200 or BO 250 or HS 201 or CS 213
This course will examine the biological and physical attributes of farming systems and their associated ecological and social impacts in temperate and tropical regions. It will address the ecological consequences of indigenous food and fiber production systems, conventional agricultural systems and "alternative" systems that incorporate biological pest control and natural nutrient inputs. Students will examine several case studies that integrate their understanding of concepts.


CS 290Professional Development in Plant & Soil SciencesUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Only
This course is designed to prepare students for careers in Plant and Soil Sciences. Student discussions with faculty and industry professionals will center on structure and requirements for internship and jobs, research and extension opportunities,resume building and writing, professionalism and professional development, interpersonal skills, undergraduate program management, and career planning. Student development of an e-portfolio is required. Must hold sophomore or junior standing in: TAA, TAB, TAC, TSS, TFG.


CS 312Grassland Management for Natural Resources ConservationUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Natural Sciences
Prerequisite: BIO 181(preferred) or ZO 160(alternate) CS 213, SSC 200
Basic principles and practices of production and utilization of pasture and forage crops; impact on developing sustainable systems for livestock feed, soil and water conservation; use of computers to assist in whole farm planning and information retrieval.


CS 398Independent Study in Crop ScienceUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Individualized study in the areas of crop science. Topic and credit hours will be determined by the instructor and student. This course may be taken a maximum of two times, provided the topics of study are sufficiently different.


CS 400Turf Cultural SystemsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered in Even Years
Prerequisite: C- or better in CS 200
Topics include: golf course design considerations, fertilizer characteristics and application techniques, irrigation programming, construction of high use turfgrass areas, calibration of spreaders and sprayers, aerification, pesticide fate and development of effective management systems.


CS 411Crop EcologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: PB 321 or PB 421
Ecology and production of major agronomic crops of economic importance. Impact of key environmental stress factors on production processes and management strategies. Environmental issues pertaining to sustainable cropping systems. Manipulation of canopy climate and rooting environment for enhanced crop performance in the context of global climate change. Ecological analysis of abiotic - and biotic-derived crop disorders.


CS 413Plant BreedingUNITS: 2 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: GN 411 or ANS 215
Discussion of reproductive systems of higher plants; the genetic basis for plant improvement and the selection, evaluation, and utilization of crop varieties.


CS 414Weed ScienceUNITS: 4 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: CH 220
History, current status and fundamentals of weed biology and cultural, biological, and chemical weed control; properties and uses of herbicides; weed identification; proper use of herbicide application equipment; current weed management practices incrops and non-cropland situations.


CS 415Integrated Pest ManagementUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: BIO 181(preferred) or ZO 160(alternate) or BO 200 or BO 250
History, principles, and application of techniques for managing plant pests. Theory and practice of integrating pest control tactics to manage pests within economic, environmental, and sociological constraints. Topics include pest monitoring methodology, economic aesthetic thresholds, biological control, efficient pesticide use, biotechnology, and global positioning systems.


CS 424Seed PhysiologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: PB 321 or PB 421 or FOR 303
This course will explore the physiological processes associated with seed formation, development, maturation, germination, and deterioration of agronomic and horticultural species. We will also study the physiological aspects of seed dormancy, how dormancy is manifested and overcome in cultivated and noncultivated systems and dormancy's impact on weed seedbank ecology.


CS 430Advanced AgroecologyUNITS: 4 - Offered in Spring Only
This course applies agroecological principles introduced in CS 230 and critical thinking to evaluate various agroecosystems. Students will examine food, fiber, and other commodity production systems for security, productivity, and sustainability and address the simultaneous need to protect natural environments and the biodiversity on which agroecosystems depend. Topics include discussion of national and international government policies, research programs, and education programs that influence the future application of agroecosystem principles.


CS (SSC) 462Soil-Crop Management SystemsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: CS 213, CS 414, SSC 342, SSC 452, Senior standing
Unites principles of soil science and crop science with those of allied areas into realistic agronomic applications; practical studies in planning and evaluation of soil and crop management systems.


CS 465Turf Management Systems and Environmental QualityUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered in Even Years
Prerequisite: CS 400 and Senior standing
Integration of turfgrass management systems and the use of BMPs and IPM to protect environmental quality. Examination of water quality issues relative to turf. Application of Best Management Practice and Integrated Pest Management strategies. Credit cannot be received for both CS 465 and CS 565. Senior standing.


CS (ENT) (PP) 470Advanced Turfgrass Pest ManagementUNITS: 2 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: C- or better in CS 200
Characteristics and ecology of turfgrass weed, insect, and disease pests; identification and diagnosis of turfgrass pests, strategies for managing pests including cultural, mechanical, biological, and chemical methods; development of integrated pestmanagement programs, characteristics and modes of action for herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, and plant growth regulators; behavior and fate of pesticides in soil; and the development and management of pesticide resistant pest populations.


CS (SSC) 490Senior Seminar in Crop Science and Soil ScienceUNITS: 1 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Senior standing in Agronomy, Plant and Soil Sciences, or Turfgrass Science
Review and discussion of current topics in crop science, soil science, agronomy and natural resource management. Preparation and presentation of scientific information in written and oral format. Senior standing in Agronomy, Plant and Soil Sciences, or Turfgrass Science.


CS 492External Learning ExperienceUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing
A learning experience in agriculture and life sciences within an academic framework that utilizes facilities and resources which are external to the campus. Contact and arrangements with prospective employers must be initiated by student and approved by a faculty adviser, the prospective employer, the departmental teaching coordinator and the academic dean prior to the experience.


CS 493Special Problems in Crop ScienceUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing
A learning experience in agriculture and life sciences within an academic framework that utilizes campus facilities and resources. Contact and arrangements with prospective employers must be initiated by student and approved by a faculty adviser, the prospective employer the departmental teaching coordinator and the academic dean prior to the experience.


CS 495Special Topics in Crop ScienceUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Offered as needed to present materials not normally available in regular course offerings or for offering of new courses on a trial basis.


CS (HS) (PP) 502Plant Disease: Methods & DiagnosisUNITS: 2 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: PP 315
Introduction to the basic principles of disease causality in plants and the methodology for the study and diagnosis of plant diseases caused by fungi. Identification of plant-pathogenic fungi. Research project, disease profiles and field trips arerequired.


CS 524Seed PhysiologyUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: CH 220 or CH 221 and PB 321 or PB 421 or FOR 303
This course will explore the physiological processes associated with seed formation, development, maturation, germination, and deterioration of agronomic and horticultural species. We will also study the physiological aspects of seed dormancy, how dormancy is manifested and overcome in cultivated and noncultivated systems and dormancy's impact on weed seedbank ecology.


CS (HS) 541Plant Breeding MethodsUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: ST 511, Corequisite: ST 512
Overview of plant breeding methods for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students. Covers principles and concepts of inheritance, germplasm resources, pollen control, measurement of genetic variances, and heterosis. Special topics include heritability, genotype-environment interaction, disease resistance, and polyploidy. In-depth coverage on methods for breeding cross-pollinated and self-pollinated crops. Prepares students for advanced plant breeding courses.


CS 565Turf Management Systems and Environmental QualityUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: CS 400
Integration of turfgrass management systems and the use of BMPs and IPM to protect environmental quality. Examination of water quality issues relative to turf. Application of Best Management Practice and Integrated Pest Management strategies. Credit cannot be received for both CS 465 and CS 565.


CS 590Special TopicsUNITS: 1-3


CS 591Special Problems
Special problems in various phases of crop science. Problems may be selected or will be assigned. Emphasis on review of recent and current research. Credits Arranged.


CS 601SeminarUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
Review and discussion of scientific articles, progress reports in research and special problems of interest to agronomists. Maximum of two credits allowed toward master's degree; however, additional credits toward doctorate allowed.


CS 620Special ProblemsUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Special problems in various phases of crop science. Problems may be selected or will be assigned. Emphasis on review of recent and current research. Credits Arranged.


CS 685Master's Supervised TeachingUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.


CS 688Non-Thesis Masters Continuous Registration - Half Time RegistrationUNITS: 1 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain half-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc.


CS 689Non-Thesis Master Continuous Registration - Full Time RegistrationUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain full-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc. Students may register for this course a maximum of one semester.


CS 690Master's ExaminationUNITS: 1-6 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students in non thesis master's programs who have completed all other requirements of the degree except preparing for and taking the final master's exam.


CS 693Master's Supervised ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.


CS 695Master's Thesis ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
Thesis research.


CS 696Summer Thesis ResearchUNITS: 1 - Offered in Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.


CS 699Master's Thesis PreparationUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Master's student
For students who have completed all credit hour requirements and full-time enrollment for the master's degree and are writing and defending their thesis.


CS 714Crop Physiology: Plant Response to EnvironmentUNITS: 3 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: BO 321 or BO 421, CH 223
Examines interactions between plants and the environment. Light environment, plant canopy development, photosynthesis, source-sink relations, growth analysis, growth regulation, water relations, and environmental stresses are addressed.


CS (HS) 717Weed Management SystemsUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: CS 414
Weed management systems including integration of cultural, biological, mechanical and chemical methods for vegetables, fruits, ornamentals, turf, small grains, corn, tobacco, cotton, peanuts, aquatic and non-cropland settings. Taught second 5 weeksof semester. Drop date is by last day of 3rd week of minicourse.


CS (GN) (HS) 720Molecular Biology In Plant BreedingUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: CS(GN,HS) 741, GN 701, GN 702, GN 703
Theory and principles of molecular biology applied to plant breeding. Experimental approaches to induce genetic change, cytoplasmic recombination, haploid utilization and potentials of molecular techniques for solving breeding problems.


CS (HS) (SSC) (TOX) 725Pesticide ChemistryUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: CH 201 and 221
Chemical properties of pesticides including hydration and solvation, ionization, volatilization, lipophilicity, molecular structure and size, and reactivity and classification according to chemical description, mode of action or ionizability. Taughtduring the first 5 weeks of semester. Drop date is last day of 3rd week of the minicourse.


CS (ANS) (FOR) 726Advanced Topics In Quantitative Genetics and BreedingUNITS: 3 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: ST 511, Corequisite: ST 512
Advanced topics in quantitative genetics pertinent to population improvement for quantitative and categorical traits with special applications to plant and animal breeding. DNA markers - phenotype associations. The theory and application of linear mixed models, BLUP and genomic selection using maximum likelihood and Bayesian approaches. Pedigree and construction of genomic relationships matrices from DNA markers and application in breeding.


CS (HS) (SSC) (TOX) 727Pesticide Behavior and Fate In the EnvironmentUNITS: 2 - Offered in Fall Only
Prerequisite: CS(HS,SSC,TOX) 725,SSC 200
Sorption/desorption, soil reactivity, movement, volatilization, bioavailability, degradation and stability of pesticides in the environment. Taught during the last 10 weeks of semester. Drop date is last day of 3rd week of the minicourse.


CS (HS) 729Herbicide Behavior In PlantsUNITS: 2 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: BO 751 and BO 752 and CS(HS,SSC) 725
Chemical, physiological and biochemical actions of herbicides in plants including uptake, translocation, metabolism and mechanism of action.


CS (GN) (HS) 745Quantitative Genetics In Plant BreedingUNITS: 1 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: CS(GN, HS) 541, ST 712, course in quantitative genetics recommended
Theory and principles of plant quantitative genetics. Experimental approaches of relationships between type and source of genetic variability, concepts of inbreeding, estimations of genetic variance and selection theory.


CS (GN) (HS) 746Breeding MethodsUNITS: 2 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Years
Prerequisite: CS (GN, HS) 741, ST 535
Theory and principles of plant breeding methodology including population improvement, selection procedures, genotypic evaluation, cultivar development and breeding strategies.


CS 795Special TopicsUNITS: 1-3


CS 801SeminarUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall and Spring
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
Review and discussion of scientific articles, progress reports in research and special problems of interest to agronomists. Maximum of two credits allowed toward master's degree; however, additional credits toward doctorate allowed.


CS 820Special ProblemsUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Special problems in various phases of crop science. Problems may be selected or will be assigned. Emphasis on review of recent and current research. Credits Arranged.


CS (GN) (HS) 860Plant Breeding LaboratoryUNITS: 1 - Offered in Spring Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: CS(GN,HS)741
Visitation of plant breeding projects in the Depts. of CS and HS at NC State, along with commercial seed companies. Discussion and viewing of breeding objectives, methods and equipment and teaching and practice of hybridization methods.


CS (GN) (HS) 861Plant Breeding LaboratoryUNITS: 1 - Offered in Fall Only, Offered Alternate Even Years
Prerequisite: CS(GN,HS)741
Visitation of plant breeding projects in the Depts. of CS and HS at NC State, along with commercial seed companies. Discussion and viewing of breeding objectives, methods and equipment and teaching and practice of hybridization methods.


CS 885Doctoral Supervised TeachingUNITS: 1-3 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.


CS 890Doctoral Preliminary ExaminationUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
For students who are preparing for and taking written and/oral preliminary exams.


CS 893Doctoral Supervised ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Spring Only
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.


CS 895Doctoral Dissertation ResearchUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
Dissertation research.


CS 896Summer Dissertation ResearchUNITS: 1 - Offered in Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.


CS 899Doctoral Dissertation PreparationUNITS: 1-9 - Offered in Fall Spring Summer
Prerequisite: Doctoral student
For students who have completed all credit hour, full-time enrollment, preliminary examination, and residency requirements for the doctoral degree, and are writing and defending their dissertations.